Articles

Found 9 Documents
Search

The Antioxidant and Cytotoxic Effects of Cosmos caudatus Ethanolic Extract on Cervical Cancer Nurhayati, Betty; Rahayu, Ira Gustira; Rinaldi, Sonny Feisal; Zaini, Wawan Sofwan; Afifah, Ervi; Arumwardana, Seila; Kusuma, Hanna Sari Widya; Rizal, Rizal; Widowati, Wahyu
The Indonesian Biomedical Journal Vol 10, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : The Prodia Education and Research Institute (PERI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18585/inabj.v10i3.441

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress is closely related to all aspects of cancer. Cosmos caudatus ethanolic extract (CCEE) has been proved to have antioxidant effect that inhibited cancer cell growth due to its bioactive compounds such as catechin, quercetin and chlorogenic acid. This study aimed to evaluate antioxidant and anticancer activity of CCEE and its compounds.METHODS: Total phenol was measured according to the Folin-Ciocalteu method. Catechin, quercetin and chlorogenic acid contained in CCEE were identified by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Antioxidant activity was evaluated by 2,2′-azino-bis-(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS)-reducing activity, 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) scavenging activity, and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) activity test. The cytotoxic activity of CCEE was determined by MTS [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium] assay on HeLa cells.RESULTS: The result showed that total phenol of CCEE was 181.64±0.93 µg Cathecin/mg extract. ABTSreducing activity test showed that catechin had the highest activity (2.90±0.04 µg/mL), while CCEE had moderate activity compared to other compounds. FRAP activity test demonstrated that catechin had the highest activity (315.83 µM Fe(II)/µg) compared to other compounds. DPPH scavenging activity of CCEE was 22.82±0.05 µg/mL. Cytotoxicity test on HeLa cell showed that CCEE had lower activity (inhibitory concentration (IC)50= 89.90±1.30 µg/mL) compared to quercetin (IC50 = 13.30±0.64 µg/ mL).CONCLUSION: CCEE has the lowest antioxidant activity compared to quercetin, catechin, and chlorogenic acid and has the lowest anticancer activity compared to quercetin. However, CCEE and its compounds has potential as antioxidant and anticancer properties.KEYWORDS: antioxidant, anticancer, catechin, Cosmos caudatus, quercetin
α-/β-Glucosidase and α-Amylase Inhibitory Activities of Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) Ethanol Extract Gondokesumo, Marisca Evalina; Kusuma, Hanna Sari Widya; Widowati, Wahyu
Molecular and Cellular Biomedical Sciences Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Cell and BioPharmaceutical Institute

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21705/mcbs.v1i1.3

Abstract

Background: Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease, characterized by hyperglycemia due to disturbance in both insulin secretion and function. One of theurapeutic approaches is to reduce blood glucose levels by inhbiting α-/β-glucosidase and α-amylase involved in carbohydrate digestion. Thus, inhibition of these enzymes play important role in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) has been known to have several medicinal properties and potency as an antidiabetics agents. This reseacrh aimed to observe antidiabetic properties of roselle ethanol extract (REE) towards α-glucosidase, β-glucosidase and α-amylase.Materials and Methods: REE was done with maceration technique using diluent of 70% ethanol. Antidiabetic properties were measured by inhibitory activity of α-amylase, α-glucosidase and β-glucosidase.Results: REE was able to inhibit α-/β-glucosidase and α-amylase in the highest concentration with inhibition percentage of 72.68, 47.34 and 73.08% respectively, and were comparable with Acarbose of 81.49, 50.97, 73.08%. The median inhibitory concentration (IC50) of α-/β-glucosidase and α-amylase of REE were 15.81, 41.77, 18.09 μg/mL respectively, and Acarbose were 9.45, 22.57, 3.64 μg/mL respectively.Conclusions: REE inhibits α-/β-glucosidase and α-amylase.Keywords: Roselle, Acarbose, α-glucosidase, β-glucosidase, α-amylase, antidiabetic
α-/β-Glucosidase and α-Amylase Inhibitory Activities of Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) Ethanol Extract Gondokesumo, Marisca Evalina; Kusuma, Hanna Sari Widya; Widowati, Wahyu
Molecular and Cellular Biomedical Sciences Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Cell and BioPharmaceutical Institute

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21705/mcbs.v1i1.3

Abstract

Background: Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease, characterized by hyperglycemia due to disturbance in both insulin secretion and function. One of theurapeutic approaches is to reduce blood glucose levels by inhbiting α-/β-glucosidase and α-amylase involved in carbohydrate digestion. Thus, inhibition of these enzymes play important role in the treatment of diabetes mellitus. Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) has been known to have several medicinal properties and potency as an antidiabetics agents. This reseacrh aimed to observe antidiabetic properties of roselle ethanol extract (REE) towards α-glucosidase, β-glucosidase and α-amylase.Materials and Methods: REE was done with maceration technique using diluent of 70% ethanol. Antidiabetic properties were measured by inhibitory activity of α-amylase, α-glucosidase and β-glucosidase.Results: REE was able to inhibit α-/β-glucosidase and α-amylase in the highest concentration with inhibition percentage of 72.68, 47.34 and 73.08% respectively, and were comparable with Acarbose of 81.49, 50.97, 73.08%. The median inhibitory concentration (IC50) of α-/β-glucosidase and α-amylase of REE were 15.81, 41.77, 18.09 μg/mL respectively, and Acarbose were 9.45, 22.57, 3.64 μg/mL respectively.Conclusions: REE inhibits α-/β-glucosidase and α-amylase.Keywords: Roselle, Acarbose, α-glucosidase, β-glucosidase, α-amylase, antidiabetic
Direct and Indirect Effect of TNFα and IFNγ Toward Apoptosis in Breast Cancer Cells Widowati, Wahyu; Jasaputra, Diana Krisanti; Sumitro, Sutiman Bambang; Widodo, Mochammad Aris; Afifah, Ervi; Rizal, Rizal; Rihibiha, Dwi Davidson; Kusuma, Hanna Sari Widya; Murti, Harry; Bachtiar, Indra; Faried, Ahmad
Molecular and Cellular Biomedical Sciences Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Cell and BioPharmaceutical Institute

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21705/mcbs.v2i2.21

Abstract

Background: Breast cancer (BC) is the leading cause of death cancer in women. Cancer therapies using TNFα and IFNγ have been recently developed by direct effects and activation of immune responses. This study was performed to evaluate the effects of TNFα and IFNγ directly, and TNFα and IFNγ secreted by Conditioned Medium-human Wharton’s Jelly Mesenchymal Stem Cells (CM-hWJMSCs) toward apoptosis of BC cells (MCF7).Materials and Methods: BC cells were induced by TNFα and IFNγ in 175 and 350ng/mL, respectively. CM-hWJMSCs were produced by co-culture hWJMSCs and NK cells that secreted TNFα, IFNγ, perforin (Prf1), granzyme B (GzmB) for treating BC cells. The BC cells were treated with CM-hWJMSCs in 50%. The expression of apoptotic genes Bax, p53, and the antiapoptotic gene Bcl-2 were determined using RT-PCR.Results: TNFα and IFNγ at concentration of 350 ng/mL induced higher Bax expression compared to 175 ng/mL. TNFα and IFNγ 350 ng/mL, 175 ng/mL induced p53 expression, whilst TNFα and IFNγ at 350 ng/mL decreased Bcl-2 expression. Perf1, GzmB, TNFα and IFNγ-containing CM-hWJMSCs induced significantly apoptosis percentage, induced Bax expression, but did not effect p53, Bcl-2 expression.Conclusion: TNFα and IFNγ directly induce Bax, p53, decrease Bcl-2 gene expression. The Prf1, GzmB, TNFα, IFNγ-containing CM-hWJMSCs induce apoptosis and Bax expression.Keywords: breast cancer, Wharton’s Jelly mesenchymal stem cells, TNFα, IFNγ
ANTIOXIDANT AND ANTITYROSINASE ACTIVITIES OF ETHANOLIC PACHYRHIZUSEROSUS PEEL AND TUBER EXTRACT Siregar, Irma Dolsyeria; Kusuma, Hanna Sari Widya; Widowati, Wahyu; Marpaung, Hans Hotma; Ferdinand, Sahna; Fachrial, Edy; Lister, I Nyoman Ehrich
Majalah Kedokteran Bandung Vol 51, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15395/mkb.v51n2.1628

Abstract

Aging process is a physiological process in living organisms caused by, among others, free radicals. One of the free-radical-related aging problems is skin hyperpigmentation (excessive melanin) due to increasing tyrosinase enzyme activities. Natural compounds are widely used as antioxidant and antiaging agents. Bengkuang (Pachyrhizuserosus) is known as a source of various active compounds which can be used against free radicals to reduce the risk of skin aging  through  tyrosinase enzyme inhibition. This study was performed in September 2018 in Aretha Medika Utama, Biomolecular and Biomedical Research Center, Bandung, Indonesia to examine the antioxidant and antityrosinase properties of Pachyrhizuserosus peel extract (PPE) and Pachyrhizuserosus  tuber extract (PTE).The extraction of PPE and PTE was performed using 70% ethanol by maceration method, followed by  phytochemical analysis using modified Farnsworth method. Antioxidant activities were measured through 2,2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazil (DPPH) scavenging activities while antiaging assay were conducted through the  tyrosinase activity inhibition. In this study, PPE contained saponin, tannin, triterpenoid, and terpenoid while the PTE showed the presence of flavonoid, saponin, phenol, tannin, and alkaloid in phytochemical analysis. In the antioxidant assay, PPE presented a higher DPPH scavenging activities (IC50= 84.09 µg/mL) when compared to PTE (IC50= 98.30 µg/mL)(p<0.05). In antiaging assay, PPE showed a higher tyrosinase inhibitory activities when compared to PTE with =97.05µg/mL and 194.51µg/mL,respectively. It can be concluded that PPE has antioxidant and antiaging activities effective for preventing skin aging. Aktivitas Antioksidan dan Antitirosinase Ekstrak Etanol Kulit dan Daging PachyrhizuserosusProses penuaan merupakan suatu proses fisiologis yang terjadi pada makhluk hidup yang dapat disebabkan oleh radikal bebas. Hiperpigmentasi kuli tmerupakan salah satu masalah penuaan yang disebabkan oleh radikal bebas melalui peningkatan aktivitas enzim tirosinase. Bengkuang (Pachyrhizus erosus) diketahui mengandung berbagai senyawa aktif yang dapat menangkal radikal bebas serta mengurangi risiko penuaan kulit. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada September 2018 di Aretha Medika Utama, Biomolecular and Biomedical Research Center, Bandung, Indonesia untuk menguji kemampuan aktivitas antioksidan dan antitirosinase pada ekstrak etanol kulit bengkuang (EEKB) dan ekstrak etanol daging bengkuang (EEDB). Pembuatan ekstrak kulit dan daging bengkuang dilakukan dengan cara mengekstraksi bahan dengan etanol 70% menggunakan metode maserasi, kemudian dilanjutkan dengan analisis fitokimia ekstrak dengan modifikasi metode Farnsworth. Aktivitas antioksidan diuji dengan mengukur pemerangkapan 2,2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazil (DPPH) sedangkan antiaging diuji dengan mengukur aktivitas penghambatan tirosinase. Pada uji fitokimia menunjukkan EEKB memiliki kandungan senyawa saponin, tanin, triterpenoid dan terpenoid, sedangkan EEDB menunjukkan kandungan senyawa flavonoid, saponin, fenol, tanin, dan alkaloid. Pada uji antioksidan, EEKB memiliki aktivitas tertinggi pada pemerangkapan DPPH (IC50=84.09 µg/mL) dibanding dengan EEDB (IC50=98.30 µg/mL) (p?0.05). Pada pengujian antiaging, EEKB memiliki nilai yang lebih tinggi pada aktivitas penghambatan tirosinase dibandingkan dengan EEDB (IC50=97.05 µg/mL; 194.51 µg/mL (p?0.05). Simpulan, EEKB memiliki aktivitas antioksidan dan antiaging sehingga efektif dalam mencegah penuaan kulit. 
The Effect of Kerokan to Liver Function of Hepatitis B Patients Hanum, Nur Adiba; Ismalayani, Ismalayani; Juliansyah, Rahmad Aswin; Syokumawena, Syokumawena; Pastari, Marta; Kusuma, Hanna Sari Widya; Arinta, Yukko
Global Medical & Health Communication (GMHC) Vol 7, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Islam Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29313/gmhc.v7i1.3397

Abstract

Kerokan is an alternative therapy done by rubbing and pressing the skin surface using oil and a blunt object. This treatment has a hepatoprotective effect as it increases heme oxygenase-1, an essential enzyme in heme catabolism. In hepatitis B, heme oxygenase-1 plays a vital role to fight oxidative stress. Hence the damage on liver cells can be reduced or even prevented. Damaged cells indicate by the production of aspartate aminotransferase (AST/SGOT) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT/SGPT) enzymes that accumulated in the bloodstream. This study aimed to investigate the effect of kerokan to liver function by analyzing SGOT and SGPT levels in hepatitis B patients. These were an experimental study with a pre-test post-test control group design conducted in the public health center in Palembang in October 2016. Statistical analysis used the unpaired t test and paired. The research subjects were 30 patients with inactive carrier and chronic hepatitis B. The levels of SGOT and SGPT were determined using the IFCC method. The levels of SGOT in control (19.53±3.44 U/L) and treatment group (20.46±4.53 U/L, Δ=0.93) after 24–48 hours were not statistically different (p=0.53). Also, the levels of SGPT in control (18.66±5.40 U/L) and treatment group (19.80±9.25 U/L, Δ=1.13) after 24–48 hours were also not statistically different (p=0.68) as well. In conclusion, the liver cells of inactive carrier and chronic hepatitis B patients were not damaged (necrosis) after kerokan therapy, and the levels of SGOT and SGPT were still in the normal range. EFEK KEROKAN TERHADAP FUNGSI HEPAR PASIEN HEPATITIS BKerokan merupakan terapi alternatif yang dilakukan dengan menggosok dan menekan permukaan kulit menggunakan minyak dan benda tumpul. Pengobatan ini bersifat hepatoprotektif, yaitu meningkatkan produksi enzim heme oxygenase-1 dalam katabolisme heme. Pada hepatitis B, heme oxygenase-1 berperan penting dalam menangkal radikal bebas sehingga dapat mengurangi atau mencegah kerusakan sel hepar. Kerusakan sel hepar diindikasikan oleh produksi enzim aspartate aminotransferase (AST/SGOT) dan alanine aminotransferase (ALT/SGPT) yang terakumulasi dalam pembuluh darah. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui pengaruh kerokan pada fungsi hepar dengan menganalisis kadar SGOT dan SGPT pada pasien hepatitis B. Penelitian eksperimental ini menggunakan desain pre-test post-test control group yang dilakukan di puskesmas di Palembang pada Oktober 2016. Analisis statistik menggunakan uji t berpasangan dan tidak berpasangan. Subjek penelitian meliputi 30 pasien inactive carrier dan kronik hepatitis B. Kadar SGOT dan SGPT diukur dengan menggunakan metode IFCC. Kadar SGOT pada kontrol (19,53±3,44 U/L) dan grup perlakuan (20,46±4,53 U/L; Δ=0,93) setelah 24–48 jam tidak terdapat perbedaan signifikan (p=0,53). Selain itu, kadar SGPT pada kontrol (18,66±5,40 U/L) dan grup perlakuan (19,80±9,25 U/L; Δ=1,13) setelah 24–48 jam tidak menunjukkan perbedaan signifikan (p=0,68). Simpulan, sel hepar pada pasien inactive carrier dan kronik hepatitis B tidak mengalami kerusakan setelah terapi kerokan, serta kadar SGOT dan SGPT tetap dalam kondisi normal.
ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITIES OF FICUS ELASTICA LEAVES ETHANOL EXTRACT AND ITS COMPOUNDS Ginting, Chrismis Novalinda; Lister, I Nyoman Ehrich; Girsang, Ermi; Riastawati, Dewi; Kusuma, Hanna Sari Widya; Widowati, Wahyu
Molecular and Cellular Biomedical Sciences Vol 4, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Cell and BioPharmaceutical Institute

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21705/mcbs.v4i1.86

Abstract

Background: The excessive free radicals condition called oxidative stress can harmful for the body. To prevent and cure it, the antioxidant agents are required. Nowadays, the natural product extracted from plants have been widely used in folk medicine as antioxidant for the treatment of many diseases. Ficus elastica (rubber tree) has some compounds that has several biological activities, i.e., quercitrin, myricitrin, morin, and eleutheroside B. The F. elastica works against the free radicals and can be potential as antioxidant agent. The purpose of this study was to evaluate antioxidant properties of F. elastica ethanolic extract (FEE), quercitrin, myricitrin, morin, and eleutheroside B.Materials and Methods: The antioxidant activities of FEE and standard compounds were evaluated by free radical-scavenging activity of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazil (DPPH), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), 2,2?-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline- 6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS), and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) activities using spectrophotometry method.Results: FEE has the lowest of DPPH scavenging activity (IC50=13.82 µg/mL) than other compounds. In ABTS scavenging activity, FEE has moderate activity with IC50 value 23.29 µg/mL. In FRAP activity, FEE has moderate activity with value 241.58 µM Fe(II)/µg, while in H2O2 scavenging activity, FEE also show moderate activity with IC50=83.97 µg/mL compared to other compounds.Conclusion: In summary, FEE and the pure compounds (quercitrin, myricitrin, morin, and eleutheroside B) have potential as antioxidant agent.Keywords: free radical, morin, myricitrin, quercitrin, rubber tree, scavenging activities
In vitro Antioxidant and Anti-obesity Activities of Freeze-dried Canarium sp., Averrhoa bilimbi L. and Malus domestica Utami, Sri; Endrini, Susi; Nafik, Said; Lestari, Intan Meila Tria; Anindya, Dea; Bakar, Engkay Abu; Rozy, Fahrul; Said, Fathonah Fatimatuzahra; Afifah, Ervi; Arumwardana, Seila; Nufus, Hayatun; Rihibiha, Dwi Davidson; Kusuma, Hanna Sari Widya; Wibowo, Satrio Haryo Benowo; Widowati, Wahyu
The Indonesian Biomedical Journal Vol 11, No 3 (2019)
Publisher : The Prodia Education and Research Institute (PERI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18585/inabj.v11i3.728

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The number of obesity cases is still increasing worldwide and has reached an epidemic scale. Plants are known to have a protection role in the development of obesity, however their antioxidant and anti-obesity activities have not widely known. This study was conducted to assess the in vitro antioxidant and anti-obesity activities of different types of freeze-dried fruits cultivated in Indonesia, especially Canarium sp., Averrhoa bilimbi L. and Malus domestica.METHODS: Total phenolic content of freeze-dried fruits was identified by Folin-Ciocalteu method, while the total flavonoid content was measured by aluminium chloride colorimetric assay. To assessed the antioxidant activity, 2,2-diphenyl 1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) scavenging activity assay and 2,2?-azino-bis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS) reducing activity assay were performed. The ?-amylase and lipase inhibitory activity assay were performed to assess the anti-obesity activity. For comparison, hydroxycitric acid (HCA) compound was also assessed with DPPH, ABTS, ?-amylase and lipase assays.RESULTS: A. bilimbi had the highest total phenol content (6.35 µg GAE/mg), meanwhile M. domestica had the highest total flavonoid content (2.06 µg QE/mg). A. bilimbi also showed the highest antioxidant activity both in DPPH and ABTS assay, with inhibitory concentration (IC50)=279.99 µg/mL and 631.78 µg/mL, respectively. The freeze-dried M. domestica had the highest anti-?-amylase activity (IC50=258.85 µg/mL), while Canarium sp. had the highest anti-lipase activity (IC50=118.66 µg/mL).CONCLUSION: Freeze-dried fruits demonstrate in vitro benefits toward obesity. A. bilimbi has potent antioxidant activity and is beneficial against obesity-related adverse health effect by relieving oxidative stress. M. domestica and Canarium sp. hamper the fat accumulation by reducing the carbohydrate absorption and dietary lipid.KEYWORDS: antioxidant, anti-obesity, Canarium sp., Averrhoa bilimbi L., Malus domestica, hydroxycitric acid
ETHANOL EXTRACT OF DETAM 1 SOYBEAN SEED (GLYCINE MAX L. MERR) FOR CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE THERAPY BY IN VITRO STUDY Prahastuti, Sijani; Hidayat, Meilinah; Hasiana, Stella Tinia; Widowati, Wahyu; Amalia, Annisa; Qodariah, Rismawati Laila; Rizal, Rizal; Wibowo, Satrio Haryo Benowo; Kusuma, Hanna Sari Widya
Majalah Obat Tradisional Vol 24, No 3 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/mot.45053

Abstract

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) has increased incidence and prevalence in developing nations. In this in vitro study, we evaluated the cells proliferative effects, fibronectin (FN), transforming growth factor ? (TGF-?1), and Reactive oxygen species (ROS) - level inhibition potential of ethanol extract of detam 1 soybean seed (EEDS) on glucose-induced kidney mesangial cells (SV40 MES 13). The cells proliferation assay used 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)2H-tetrazolium (MTS) assay. FN and TGF-?1 level were measured using ELISA assay kit and ROS level using flow cytometry. Level of   FN, TGF-?1 and ROS, on CKD cells model (5 mM, 10 mM glucose-induced mesangial cell) treated with EEDS 6.25 µg/mL were lower significantly compared to positive control,  EEDS improve cells viability and decrease FN, TGF-?1 and ROS level in glucose-induced kidney mesangial cells as CKD cells model.