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PHYSICOCHEMICAL, MICROBIOLOGY, AND SENSORY CHARACTERIZATION OF GOAT MILK KEFIR IN VARIOUS INCUBATION TIME Sulmiyati, Sulmiyati; Said, Nur Saidah; Fahrodi, Deka Uli; Malaka, Ratmawati; Fatma, Fatma
Buletin Peternakan Vol 43, No 3 (2019): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 43 (3) AUGUST 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (292.871 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v43i3.37217

Abstract

This study aimed to analyze the characteristics of goat milk kefir based on the incubation time variations on physicochemical, microbial and organoleptic. The method used was an experimental method using a Completely Randomized Design with 3 various incubation time which were for 12 hours, 18 hours and 24 hours with five replications. Parameters measured were physicochemical characteristics (pH, lactic acid concentration, and ethanol content), microbial characteristics which as the total number of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) colonies and the organoleptic characteristics were color, aroma, taste and favorability level towards goat milk kefir. Physicochemical and microbial data were analyzed by Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) while the organoleptic data were analyzed descriptively. The results showed that the incubation time gave significantly difference effect (P<0.05) on the pH, lactic acid concentration, the total number of LAB goat milk kefir and did not significant effect on the ethanol content. The organoleptic results showed that the incubation time didn?t significant effect on color and aroma, however gave significant affects on the tastes and favorability towards goat milk kefir. It can be concluded that the best incubation time was 24 hours. The physicochemical characteristics showed the pH value at 4.16±0.089; lactic acid concentration at 0.24±0.039%; ethanol content at 0.75±0.044%. The microbiology characteristics, the total number of Lactic Acid Bacteria at 1,24x107±0,008 CFU/ml. The characteristic of organoleptic color at 3.95 (white); aroma at 4.10 (kefir scent); taste at 4.25 (poor acid) and favorability at 4.15 (like).
Pengolahan Briket Bio-Arang Berbahan Dasar Kotoran Kambing dan Cangkang Kemiri di Desa Galung Lombok Kecamatan Tinambung, Polewali Mandar Sulmiyati, Sulmiyati; Said, Nur Saidah
Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement) Vol 3, No 1 (2017): September
Publisher : Direktorat Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jpkm.25529

Abstract

The problems faced by farmers in Galung Lombok Village is knowledge in the in the processing of goat livestock manure and waste of hazelnut shell. The solution that can be offered is waste treatment into bio-charcoal briquettes. The community engagement is to introduce community or partners of Community Partnership Program (CPP) in processing livestock manure and agricultural waste into charcoal briquettes as an alternative solution to the problems faced by society and become an alternative business potential that can be developed by farmers. The methods applied in overcoming these problems are through interactive counseling, training with the demonstration of bio-charcoal briquette processing, guidance and mentoring into ready to market products. The results of the dedication activities were held on 13-14 May 2017 at the meeting hall of Siamasei Farmer Group of Galung Lombok Village, Tinambung, Polewali Mandar. This activity is carried out by conducting participatory counseling coupled with demonstrations of processed briquettes from goat manure and hazelnut shell, packaging, and testing of briquette quality. The conclusion that goat livestock manure can be processed into bio-charcoal briquettes through seven stages: drying of raw materials, refining, reducing and filtering, adhesive mixing, printing, drying and packaging. The quality of briquettes produced,the moisture content of 5.58%, ash content of 23.93%, volatile matter of 35.16%, fixed carbon of 35.33%, and calories 4,563 cal/gr.
Pengolahan Briket Bio-Arang Berbahan Dasar Kotoran Kambing dan Cangkang Kemiri di Desa Galung Lombok Kecamatan Tinambung, Polewali Mandar Sulmiyati, Sulmiyati; Said, Nur Saidah
Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement) Vol 3, No 1 (2017): September
Publisher : Direktorat Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1668.376 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpkm.25529

Abstract

The problems faced by farmers in Galung Lombok Village is knowledge in the in the processing of goat livestock manure and waste of hazelnut shell. The solution that can be offered is waste treatment into bio-charcoal briquettes. The community engagement is to introduce community or partners of Community Partnership Program (CPP) in processing livestock manure and agricultural waste into charcoal briquettes as an alternative solution to the problems faced by society and become an alternative business potential that can be developed by farmers. The methods applied in overcoming these problems are through interactive counseling, training with the demonstration of bio-charcoal briquette processing, guidance and mentoring into ready to market products. The results of the dedication activities were held on 13-14 May 2017 at the meeting hall of Siamasei Farmer Group of Galung Lombok Village, Tinambung, Polewali Mandar. This activity is carried out by conducting participatory counseling coupled with demonstrations of processed briquettes from goat manure and hazelnut shell, packaging, and testing of briquette quality. The conclusion that goat livestock manure can be processed into bio-charcoal briquettes through seven stages: drying of raw materials, refining, reducing and filtering, adhesive mixing, printing, drying and packaging. The quality of briquettes produced,the moisture content of 5.58%, ash content of 23.93%, volatile matter of 35.16%, fixed carbon of 35.33%, and calories 4,563 cal/gr.
PERBANDINGAN KUALITAS FISIOKIMIA KEFIR SUSU KAMBING DENGAN KEFIR SUSU SAPI (COMPARISON OF PHYSIOCHEMICAL QUALITY OF GOAT MILK KEFIR WITH COW MILK KEFIR) Sulmiyati, Sulmiyati; Said, Nur Saidah; Fahrodi, Deka Uli; Malaka, Ratmawati; Fatma, Fatma
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 19 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2018.19.2.263

Abstract

Kefir is one of the fermented beverages which has a distinctive taste from other fermented milk products. Based on the results of several studies concluded that one that affects the quality of kefir is the milk of being used for. The purpose of this study was to examine the comparison of physiochemical quality of kefir made from goat?s milk and cow?s milk. This study used Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with two treatments and five replications using different milk which was goat?s milk and cow?s milk. Parameters measured were the weight gain of kefir grain (PBBK), ethanol content, the percentage of lactic acid and pH of kefir. The data obtained were analyzed by using the Analysis of Variance and if the treatment was significantly different, then the test continued with the Least Significant Difference (LSD). The results showed that kefir produced with different types of milk showed a significant effect (P &lt;0.05) on pH parameters, lactic acid percentage, and ethanol content, but no significant effect (P&gt;0.05) on the value of PBBK. It can be concluded that the best kefir made of goat milk has characteristics: pH value 3.89, the percentage of lactic acid 0.14; PBBK 26.61%; and 0.72% ethanol content.&nbsp;
Karakteristik Dangke Susu Kerbau dengan Penambahan Crude Papain Kering Sulmiyati, Sulmiyati; Said, Nur Saidah
agriTECH Vol 38, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (279.519 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/agritech.24331

Abstract

Dangke is traditional food from Enrekang, South Sulawesi, which is made from coagulated  buffalo milk or cow milk protein by using crude papain.  There is limited information about characteristics of dangke from buffalo milk than those from cow milk. The characteristics of dangke is affected by the addition of crude papain. This study was aimed to explore the effect of crude papain addition to curd dangke production,  percentage of whey and taste of dangke from buffalo milk. This study was conducted by using complete randomized design with 4 treatments and 5 repetitions. Treatments consist of the addition of crude papain in different concentration:  0.5%;  1%;  1.5% and 2.0%.  This study howed that curd dangke production range was 41.38- 52.20; pH range was 6.92- 6.96; lactic acid percentage range is 0.15-0.70;  curd dangke's colour range was 1.35 (white)- 1.50 (white);  smell range was 2.50 (mild dangke' smell)- 3.55 (mild dangke' smell);  taste range was 2.10 (bitter)- 4.60 (not bitter) and preference level range was 2.00 (dislike)- 3.90 (like). This study revealed that the best quality of dangke from buffalo milk was derived from treatments with addition of 1% crude papain. Physicochemistry characteristics from our dangke: curd dangke production was 43.94%;  whey percentage was 51.14;  pH was 6.96;  lactic acid percentage was 0.15.  Organoleptic characteristics: curd dangke's colour was 1.45 (white), smell was 2.55 (mild dangke' smell), taste was 4.10 (slightly bitter)  and preference level was 3.55 (like).
Pengaruh Injeksi Selenium dan Vitamin E pada Ayam Petelur Fase Molting (force molting) terhadap Performa Produksi Said, Nur Saidah; Sulmiyati, .
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Tropis Vol 6, No 1 (2019): JITRO, Januari
Publisher : Universitas Halu Oleo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (151.186 KB) | DOI: 10.33772/jitro.v6i1.5616

Abstract

ABSTRAKMolting merupakan kejadian alami, tetapi ini dapat dilakukan secara buatan yang disebut dengan force molting. Pada saat ayam petelur mengalami fase molting maka tingkat stres menjadi tinggi. Setelah force molting, yaitu ketika bulu baru sudah tumbuh, ayam akan kembali bertelur meski jumlah produksinya tidak setinggi masa bertelur normal.Selenium dengan kombinasi vitamin E memperbaiki stres dan daya tahan terhadap penyakit sebagai hasilnya performa produksi dan reproduksi meningkat. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui pengaruh injeksi Selenium dan Vitamin E pada ayam petelur fase molting (force molting) terhadap performa produksi. Hewan coba yang digunakan adalah ayam petelur strain isa brown berumur 80 minggu sebanyak 80 ekor yang dibagi menjadi 4 perlakuan dengan 20 ulangan yaitu P0 (0,3 ml PBS), P1 (0,3 ml), P2 (0,6 ml) dan P3 (0,9 ml). Injeksi selenium dan vitamin E menggunakan obat Introvit-E-Selen (Sodium-selenite 0.5 mg/ml dan tocopherol acetate 50.0 mg/ml) pada saat dilakukannya force molting.Penelitian dilakukan dengan mengukur konsumsi pakan,berat telur dankonversi pakan sebagai variabel performa produksi. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis dengan Analisis Sidik Ragam dan jika perlakuan berpengaruh nyata dilanjutkan dengan uji Duncan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan P2 (0,6 ml Introvit-E-Selen) memiliki pengaruh terhadap nilai konsumsi pakan, berat telur dan konversi pakan dengan rataan nilai 97,35±7,77a, 69,66±3,79a dan 1,40±0,13a. Hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa pemberian injeksi selenium dan vitamin E pada ayam petelur fase molting (force molting) memberi pengaruh yang nyata terhadap performa produksi.Kata kunci: force molting, performa produksi, selenium, vitamin EABSTRACT               Molting is a natural occurrence, but this can be induced artificially using the method called force molting. When laying hens experience molting phase, the stress level becomes high. After force molting, new feathers will grow and the chicken will lay eggs even though the production is not as high as the normal laying period. Selenium with a combination of vitamin E improves resistance to stress and diseases as a result of increased production and reproductive performance. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of Selenium and Vitamin E injection on laying hens in force molting phase on production performance. The experiment used 80 hens of 80 weeks old Isa brown strain layers which were divided into 4 treatments with 20 replications; P0 (0.3 ml PBS), P1 (0.3 ml), P2 (0.6 ml) and P3 (0.9 ml). Type of injection used was Introvit-E-Selen (Sodium-selenite 0.5 mg/ml and tocopherol acetate 50.0 mg/ml) at force molting. The study was conducted by measuring feed consumption, egg weight and feed conversion for production performance variables. The data obtained were analyzed by Analysis of Variance, if the treatment was significant, then followed by Duncan test. The results showed that treatment P2 (0.6 ml Introvit-E-Selen) affected feed consumption, egg weight and feed conversion by average of 97.35 ± 7.77a, 69.66 ± 3.79a, and 1.40 ± 0.13a, respectively. This study concluded that injection of selenium and vitamin E in laying hens at molting (force molting) phase had a significant effect on production performance.Keywords: force molting, vitamin E, selenium, production performance
Persepsi Masyarakat Terhadap Keberadaan Peternakan Ayam Ras Petelur Di Dusun Passau Timur Desa Bukit Samang Kecamatan Sendana Kabupaten Majene Abdi, Muhammad; Suhartina, Suhartina; Said, Nur Saidah; Ali, Najmah
AGROVITAL : Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 3, No 1 (2018): Agrovital Volume 3, Nomor 1, Mei 2018
Publisher : Universitas Al Asyariah Mandar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35329/agrovital.v3i1.216

Abstract

Peternakan Ayam Ras Petelur di Dusun Passau Timur Desa Bukit Samang Kecamatan Sendana, Kabupaten Majene. menunjukkan adanya isu di sekitar lingkungan peternakan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui persepsi masyarakat terhadap keberadaan peternakan ayam ras petelur di Dusun Passau Timur Desa Bukit Samang Kecamatan Sendana, Kabupaten Majene. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada tanggal 01 Juli sampai 01 Agustus 2017. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian kuantitatif deskriptif yang menggambarkan suatu fenomena, dalam hal ini persepsi masyarakat terhadap keberadaan peternakan ayam ras petelur. Populasi sebanyak 220 orang dan jumlah sampel sebanyak 37 orang yang ditentukan berdasarkan rumus Slovin, teknik pengambilan sampelnya dilakukan secara purposive sampling. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa persepsi masyarakat terhadap keberadaan peternakan ayam ras petelur di Dusun Passau Timur Desa Bukit Samang Kecamatan Sendana, Kabupaten Majene adalah sebagian besar merasa tidak terganggu dengan adanya peternakan ayam ras petelur.