Takdir Tahir, Takdir
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THE NUTRITIONAL STATUS SENSITIVITY OF THE ASSESSMENT OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS BASED ON MINI NUTRITIONAL ASSESSMENT (MNA) WAS COMPARED WITH PATIENT-GENERATED SUBJECTIVE GLOBAL ASSESSMENT (PG-SGA) IN CANCER PATIENTS UNDERGOING CHEMOTHERAPY IN RSUP DR WAHIDIN SUDIROHUSODA MAKASSAR Anam, Khoirul; Tahir, Takdir; Ilkafah, Ilkafah
NurseLine Journal Vol 4 No 2 (2019): November 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Nursing, University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/nlj.v4i2.11234

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Background: Chemotherapy is highly recommended for cancer treatment, however can cause some side effects such as nausea and vomiting. This will affect food intake and nutritional status in cancer patients who undergo chemotherapy. Aim: To describe nutritional status based on anthropometry Body Mass Index (BMI), hemoglobin (Hb), Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) and Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy in RSUP. Dr. Wahidin sudirohusodo Makassar. Methode: This experiment uses a quantitative non-experimental research method with cross sectional approach on 1010 patients, nonprobability sampling with purposive sampling technique on 70 respondents, data collection with interview and observation techniques. Results: Nutritional status based on Body Mass Index (BMI) shows that 39 people (55.7%) had normal BMI values. About 37 people (52.9%) had good / normal nutritional status based on Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA)  while Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) reveals 100% of respondents experienced nutritional status problems. Conclusion: Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) is the best tool to identify nutritional status of cancer patients that undergo chemotherapy since this instrument is very sensitive and practical. Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) is good to assess nutritional status in subject who have lost weight drastically and shows signs of subcutaneous fat loss and muscle mass loss. Keyword: Cancer, chemotherapy, body mass index (BMI), Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA), Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA).
ANALYSIS COLLAGEN DENSITY ON DIABETIC AND NON-DIABETIC ACUTE WOUND MODEL: ANIMAL TRIAL USING WISTAR RATS Maryunis, Maryunis; Bakri, Syakib; Patellongi, Ilhamjaya; Aman, Makbul; Tahir, Takdir; Rahayu, Ade Irma; Hasriyani, Hasriyani; Yusuf, Saldy
in process
Publisher : ETN Centre Indonesia

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Background: Neuropathy and peripheral vascular disease are two major factors that lead to diabetic wounds. Additionally, diabetic wound healing process takes a long time. Collagen is one indicator to assess wound healing. Aim: This study aimed to compare the wound healing process DM and non-DM In Wistar with acute wounds modeling that uses the density collagen as indicators. Methods: This study used a randomized design Post Test Control Group who uses Wistar as research objects. Wistar rats were divided into 2 groups: Wistar DM and Non-DM groups. The total sample were 30 individuals that consisted of 15 rats each group. Wistar DM was induced by injection of Streptozotocin (STZ) intraperitoneal single dose of 40-50 mg / kg. The wound were created by using punch biopsy of each group. The wound were followed up for 14 days. Data analysis was done using the Kolmogorov - Smirnov test with a confidence level of 95%. All data were analyzed by SPSS version 21.0 software (SPSS, Inc. Chicago, IL). Results: The density of collagen in DM group (20%) was lower than in non DM group (40%). However there were no significant difference in collagen density in both groups (p=0,375). Nevertheless, the percentage of collagen density is higher in non DM group compared with DM group (20.0%). This shows the tendency of the wound healing process in the group of Non - DM is better than DM group. This shows the tendency of the wound healing process in the group of Non - DM is better than DM group. Conclusion : There is a tendency that the wound healing in non –DM group is better than in DM groups. More studies are needed in the future to confirm this findings. Key Words: Collagen Density, Acute Wound Model, DM
EFEK EKSTRAK BUAH NAGA MERAH (HYLOCEREUS POLYRHIZUS) TERHADAP PENYEMBUHAN LUKA AKUT DM DAN NON DM PADA WISTAR Tahir, Takdir; Bakri, Syakib; Patellongi, Ilhamjaya; Aman, Makbul; Miskad, Upik A.; Maryunis, Maryunis; Suryani, Ade Irma
in process
Publisher : ETN Centre Indonesia

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Pendahuluan: Penggunaan bahan alam sebagai penyembuhan luka merupakan alternatif yang banyak digunakan. Ekstrak Buah Naga Merah (EBNM) memiliki kandungan antioksidan dan anti-inflamasi yang dibutuhkan untuk mempercepat penyembuhan luka. Namun penelitian yang berhubungan dengan efek buah naga merah terhadap penyembuhan luka masih sangat terbatas. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui efek Ekstrak Buah Naga Merah terhadap penyembuhan luka DM dan luka Non DM pada wistar. Metode: Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian eksperimen dengan desain post test with control group design. Wistar jantan albino (n=30) berat badan (250-350 gr) dibagi menjadi 2 kelompok (kelompok A wistar DM + Eksisi dan kelompok B wistar Non-DM + Eksisi). Selanjutnya Wistar dilukai pada punggung kiri dan kanan dengan menggunakan punch biopsy 8 mm. Topikal krim EBNM 3.5%, 5% dan 7.5% dioleskan pada permukaan luka dengan menggunakan cotton bud. Jaringan diwarnai dengan Hematoksilin dan Eosin (HE) untuk mengetahui ketebalan granulasi, dan epitelisasi jaringan. Data dianalisis dengan menggunakan uji independent T test dan paired T test (SPSS 21, Chicago Inc.). Hasil: Skor granulasi lebih baik pada konsentrasi 7.5 % pada kelompok EBNM topikal dibandingkan dengan kelompok kontrol negatif untuk DM (p
Wound healing angiogenesis: A perspective of nurse Andriany, Alia; Tahir, Takdir; Sjattar, Elly Lilianty; Ake, Julianus; Nuru, Hasanuddin
Global Health Management Journal Vol 3, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Yayasan Aliansi Cendekiawan Indonesia Thailand (Indonesian Scholars' Alliance)

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Studi Literatur Penggunaan Sabun Antiseptik untuk Pencucian Luka terhadap Penurunan Kolonisasi Bakteri pada Pasien dengan Luka Diabetik Hade, Nurwahidah; Yusuf, Saldy; Tahir, Takdir
Jurnal Luka Indonesia Vol 4, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : ETN Centre Indonesia

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ABSTRAK Latar belakang : Komplikasi penyakit Diabetes mellitus (DM) yang kronis dan serius adalah luka kaki diabetes (LKD) serta merupakan penyebab utama terjadinya amputasi tungkai bawah. Pada dasarnya hal tersebut dapat dicegah dengan manajemen luka yang optimal. Salah satu komponen dasar dari manajemen luka adalah pencucian luka. terdapat banyak solusi yang tersedia untuk penccucian luka salah satunya adalah sabun antiseptik. Tujuan dari studi literatur ini adalah untuk mengetahui efek sabun antiseptik terhadap penurunan kolonisasi bakteri. Metode : Studi literatur ini dilakukan pada database PubMed, ScienceDirect dan Cochrane Hasil : Peneliti mengidentifikasi 156 artikel yang dipublikasikan dari tahun 2012 – 2017. Dari 156 artikel didapatkan 11 artikel yang memenuhi kriteria dan hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sabun antiseptik memiliki efek mikrobicida yang kuat sehingga mampu menghambat pertumbuhan mikroorganisme pathogen dan efektif menurunkan jumlah koloni bakteri. Kesimpulan : sabun antiseptik efektif mengurangi jumlah koloni bakteri dibandingkan dengan sabun biasa dan memiliki daya hambat yang paling kuat terhadap pertumbuhan bakteri sthapylococcus aureus dan eschericia coli.
Studi Literatur Manfaat Edukasi Berbasis Video Dalam Peningkatan Pengetahuan Perawatan Stoma Salmawati, Sitti; Yusuf, Saldy; Tahir, Takdir
Jurnal Keperawatan Muhammadiyah 2019: EDISI KHUSUS
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH SURABAYA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30651/jkm.v4i2.2292

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Objective: conduct a literature review on stoma video-based education to improve stoma care knowledgeMethod: The literature review was carried out by searching the results of scientific publications from the Pubmed, Science Direct, Google Schoolar, and Cochrane databases which were in the period from 2010-2017, English full text with the keyword "Ostomy", "Colostomy", " education "," education program "," educational media "," stoma care "," Selfcare "and" patient care "Results: Obtained 88 articles where 5  were included in the inclusion criteria.4 experimental studies, some with randomized controlled trials, 1 descriptive qualitative. research using educational methods with videos showed that education using videos significantly increased knowledge and abilities in stoma care.Conclusion: Providing video-based education can improve the knowledge of patients with stoma about how to treat stoma
Gambaran Strategi Program Studi Keperawatan Untuk Meningkatkan Kelulusan Mahasiswa Dalam Uji Kompetensi : Literatur Review Mushawwir, Ahmad; Tahir, Takdir; Kadar, Kusrini; Ahmar, Hamdiah; Khalid, Nur
Jurnal Keperawatan Muhammadiyah 2019: EDISI KHUSUS
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH SURABAYA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30651/jkm.v4i2.2343

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Description departement of nursing strategy to increase students approach in competency test: literatur review  AbstractBackground: Nursing competency exam is a process to measure the knowledge, skills and performance of student in colleges that obtaining nursing department which aimed to achieve the standard of competency of alumnae who meet up with work proficiency standard. The nursing competency exam has been conceded by twelve times in Indonesia, with the National UKNI results by period VII was 37.87%, in period VIII was 37.42%, on period IX was 33.46% and on period X was 39,3%. The results show how pure the passing grad rate of students in UKNI. Methods: the databases used in this literature are Pubmed, Science Direct, and Wiley online. Result: There were 14 articles, but those who comply with the inclusion criteria were 7 articles. Some studies show a number of institutional strategies to improve student passing grade in NCLEX-RN competence exam. Discussion : online caching, nursing clinic courses, remedial policies, fourteen steps Exit Examination Review, a course in focusing to solving clinical decision problems, preparation competency test courses, course work and Adaptive Quizzing System tests, the  educational basic curriculum establishment, learning methods, the students risk Adaptive Quizzing program detection, learning style, confidence and Locus of Control (LOC) as some strategi of institution to improve student passing grade in NCLEX-RN competence exam. Conclusion: to increase the percentage of student graduation in the competency test it takes the seriousness of the institution to foster and prepare students to take the competency test.
Evaluasi Penggunaan Pencuci Luka Terhadap Wound Healing: Literature Review Paridah, Paridah; Tahir, Takdir; Yusuf, Saldy
Jurnal Keperawatan Muhammadiyah Vol 4, No 1 (2019): JURNAL KEPERAWATAN MUHAMMADIYAH
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH SURABAYA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30651/jkm.v4i1.1855

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ABSTRACT Background : wound cleansing is part of wound management which performed to remove foreign bodies or pathogens that can cause infections in wounds to improve the wound healing process. Although it has been agreed that wound cleansing aims to reduce the incidence of infection but the reality is still debated among practitioners about the advantages and disadvantages of this implementation, so the selection of wound cleansers must be done wisely. This review literature aims to evaluate the use of available wound cleansers for wound healing. methods: Literatures was sourced from database Google scholar, PubMed, Proquest, ScienDirect, published from January 2011 to July 2018, there 14 articles were identified and after 9 filters were left. Results: from 9 articles that met the criteria, the results that showed the effect of wound cleansing use; Electrolyzed strong acid water, superoxidised, hydrogen peroxide, propylbetaine-polihesanide, povidine-iodine, chlorin dioxide, tap water with normal saline as a comparison group of the effectiveness in inhibiting infection, tissue toxicity, comfortably, timing and improvement of wound healing process. Based on the review results, it is generally stated that there is no significant difference between. Conclusions: There was no significant difference between wound cleanser. Based on this review it is recommended to pay attention to the type of wound before using wound Cleansing. Keywords: wound Cleansing, wound healing, literature review
Studi Literatur: Manfaat Cream Topical Extract Hylocereus Polyrhizus 7,5 % pada Penyembuhan Luka Sriwahyuni, Sriwahyuni; Tahir, Takdir; Syam, Yuliana
Jurnal Kesehatan Manarang Vol 4 No 2 (2018): Desember 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Mamuju

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33490/jkm.v4i2.73

Abstract

Wound healing is a complex physiological response from living systems for physical, chemical, mechanical or thermal injury, where cells and matrix components act in rhythm to facilitate wound regeneration and restore tissue integrity. The skin is a complex organ consisting of the epidermis, dermis, and complementary skin, including hair follicles and sebaceous glands besides that the skin is also known as the largest organ in the body and plays several important roles ranging from regulating temperature, preventing infection and also a very dynamic organ which continually replaces cells, the depth of damage to the skin, both superficial and partial, can affect the length and amount of use of wound dressing material so that wound healing requires an appropriate environment and skill ability in selecting topical dressings to improve the healing process that is suitable for each type wounds, the right and innovative healing stage is estimated to heal within 2-8 weeks. This literature study aims to determine the benefits of topical cream extract of hylocereus polyrhizus 7.5% on wound healing. Search was done using pubMed, cochrane, google scholar and secondary search data published from 1990 to 2017. 7.5% red dragon fruit (EBNM) contains antioxidants, flavonoid phlyphenols which can increase collagen synthesis in wound healing besides seeds dragon fruit is able to relieve flasks and keep the skin moisture smooth due to the content of linoleic acid. Every 1 gram of Red Dragon Fruit contains 8.3 mg of total flavonoids and 10.8 mg of total phenol. Red Dragon Fruit (BNM) with high fiber, low in calories, and rich in antioxidants. Red Dragon Fruit Extract (EBNM) 7.5% is better at repairing granulation tissue and epithelial tissue, so it has the potential to be used as a wound healing therapy.
Identifikasi Jenis Bakteri pada Luka Kaki Diabetik berdasarkan Penyebab Luka di Rumah Perawatan Luka dan Poliklinik Luka di Kota Makassar Nurwahidah, Nurwahidah; Yusuf, Saldy; Tahir, Takdir
Jurnal Kesehatan Manarang Vol 4 No 2 (2018): Desember 2018
Publisher : Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Mamuju

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33490/jkm.v4i2.70

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The high incidence of Diabetes Mellitus (DM) causes increased complications associated with DM. One is the Diabetic Foot Ulcer (DFU). Delayed healing in DFU is usually caused by infection. The infection of DFU contains many gram negative (-) and gram positive (+) bacteria, so it is important. To identify the type of bacteria present on the DFU based on the cause. This was an experimental cross sectional study conducted at ETN Center, Griya Afiat, Avaro, Isam Cahaya,  RSUP DR. Wahidin Sudirohusodo Makassar and Microbiology Laboratory Hospital Unhas Makassar. There were 29 respondents who met the inclusion criteria. Specimens of wound fluid were taken by swabbing technique. The specimen was inoculated on NA (Nutrient Agar) and MCA (MacConcey Agar) then incubated at 37 ° C for ± 18-24 hours to see bacterial morphology. If a gram negative bacteria (-) is tested biochemically by bacteria is grown on TSI (Tripple Sugar Iron), SIM (Indole Motility Sulfide), citrate urea, kovacks. As for gram positive bacteria (+) in MSA medium (Manitol Salt Agar), catalase (H2O2), incubated for 18-24 hours at 37 ° C, record the results of identification and match the bacterial identification table based on gram properties. Based on morphological test, 29,5% gram negative (-) and Gram positive (+) bacteria were 8.8% in traumatic LKD, with the dominant gram negative (-) species being proteus vulgaris (8.8%) and staphylococcus aureus 8.8%) in the gram bacteria (+). While for non trauma LKD found gram negative bacteria (-) as much as 58.8% and gram positive bacteria (+) 2.9% with the dominant type of bacteria are S.Aureus (2.9%) and P. Mirabilis (17.6%) for gram negative bacteria (-). Identification of bacteria in DFU caused by trauma and non trauma is dominant gram negative bacteria (-). Further research is expected to identify the type of bacteria based on the Wagner and sensitivity of the bacteria.