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Analysis of inhibitors of cataract surgery using phacoemulsification method At Smec Medan Hospital in 2018 Nasution, Fajarudin; Ginting, Daniel; Tarigan, Frida Lina
Proceeding - Sari Mutiara Indonesia International Conference on Health Vol 1 No 1 (2018): Sari Mutiara Indonesia International Conference on Health
Publisher : Sari Mutiara Indonesia University Press

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Abstract

Cataracts are a major cause of vision and blindness not only in Indonesia but also in the world (Ministry of Health, 2015). It is estimated that more than 50% of blindness is caused by cataracts. Phacoemulsification today is more widely used because the most recent cataract surgery method and is preferred because it uses a small incision technique, this causes the incidence of complications related to lower incision wounds, faster healing and visual rehabilitation than procedures that require incisions. the greater one. Tana's research in 2009 stated that the rate of cataract surgery in Indonesia was still low, namely for the Sumatra region as much as 14%. The study aimed to analyze the inhibitors of cataract surgery using phacoemulsification method at SMEC Medan Hospital in 2018. The study was designed using a cross sectional approach in 84 respondents. The results showed that there were significant relationships between work, fearful behavior of operations, access to health services, and access to ease of information with cataract surgery with phacoemulsification methods at Smec Hospital in 2018. There was a significant relationship between behaviors feeling no need for surgery with cataract surgery procedures Phacoemulsification at Smec Hospital in 2018. Feeling afraid of surgery is the main obstacle to cataract surgery with phacoemulsification method at Smec Hospital in 2018. It is recommended for cataract patients who will be able to improve their knowledge and prepare mentally and physically well in dealing with cataract surgery, so as to reduce patient anxiety about cataract surgery better.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PEMANFAATAN PELAYANAN IMUNISASI DASAR DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS LAWE SUMUR KABUPATEN ACEH TENGGARA Tarigan, Frida Lina; Nidia, Wira Heppy
Jurnal Publikasi Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 4, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Publikasi Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia
Publisher : University Lambung Mangkurat

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Abstract

Abstrak              Imunisasi merupakan salah satu pelayanan kesehatan dasar. Imunisasi merupakan salah satu cara yang efektif untuk menurunkan angka kesakitan, kematian, kecacatan akibat penyakit-penyakit yang dapat dicegah dengan imunisasi (PD3I). Imunisasi dasar adalah pemberian imunisasi awal pada bayi yang baru lahir sampai usia 1 tahun untuk mencapai kadar kekebalan diatas ambang perlindungan. Cakupan imunisasi campak nasional dari tahun 2007 sampai tahun 2010 berturut-turut adalah 81,6% (Bappenas, 2010), 83,0%. Dapat dilihat pencapaian cakupan imunisasi campak nasional mengalami penurunan yang bermakna dari tahun 2009 ke tahun 2010. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk melihat faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi pemanfaatan pelayanan imunisasi dasar pada bayi di Wilayah kerja  Puskesmas Lawe Sumur Kabupaten Aceh Tenggara Tahun 2015. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian analitik yaitu penelitian yang menjelaskan adanya pengaruh antara variabel melalui pengujian hipotesa. Penelitian ini dilakukan di wilayah kerja PuskesmasLawe Sumur Kabupaten Aceh Tenggara. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh ibu yang memiliki anak umur 12-24 bulan yang bertempat tinggal di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Lawe Sumur Kabupaten Aceh Tenggara yang berjumlah 85 orang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ada pengaruh dukungan instrumental (p=0,015), dukungan informasional p=(0,000), dukungan penilaian (p=0,000), dukungan emosional (p=0,000), sumber informasi (teman)  (p= 0,000), sumber informasi (petugas kesehatan) (p= 0,000), sumber informasi (media cetak dan elektronik) (p= 0,000) dan tingkat pendidikan (p= 0,000) terhadap pemanfaatan pelayanan imunisasi dasar pada bayi. Variabel sumber informasi (petugas kesehatan) adalah paling berpengaruh terhadap pemanfaatan pelayanan imunisasi dasar pada bayi OR= 14. Disarankan Kepada Puskesmas Lawe Sumur perlu peningkatan peran petugas kesehatan melakukan komunikasi yang baik dan berkesinambungan, perlunya peningkatan  peran posyandu. Kata-kata kunci: Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi, pemanfaatan pelayanan, imunisasi Abstract Immunization is one of basic health services.Immunization is one of an effective way to reduce the rate in pain, death, disability resulting from diseases can be prevented with immunization. Immunization the base is the provision of immunization on the a new baby birth to the age of 1 years to to reach the level immunity above the protection.The scope of measles national from year 2007 to 2010 were is 81,6 % ( bappenas, 2010 ), 83,0 %.Can be seen the achievement of the scope of measles national decreased meaningful from 2009 to year 2010.The purpose of this research to see factors affecting the use of immunization service a base on baby in the work area of puskesmas lawe well district of aceh southeastern 2015. The kind of research this is research analytic namely research that explains the presence of influence between variables through the testing of that hypothesis .The study is done in the work area of puskesmaslawe wells southeastern district of aceh.The population in this research was all mother who is having six- 12-24 months who live in the work area of wells puskesmas lawe the district of aceh southeastern which totaled 85.The results of the study showed there was the influence of instrumental support (p = 0.015), informational support p = (0,000), assessment support (p = 0,000), emotional support (p = 0,000), a source of information (friends) (p = 0,000), a source of information (health workers) (p = 0,000), a source of information (the print and electronic media) (p = 0,000) and the education levels of (p = 0,000) against the use of immunization service a base on a baby.Variable a source of information (health workers) is the most impact on the use of immunization service a base on a baby or = 14. Was recommended to puskesmas lawe wells need to improving the role of health workers communicated good and sustainable , the need for improving the role of posyandu. Keywords: Influencing factors, service utilization, immunization
PENGARUH KONSELING TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP PASANGAN USIA SUBUR TENTANG INTRA UTERINE DEVICES Pasaribu, Maria Safrida; Siregar, Roni Naudur; Tarigan, Frida Lina
Jurnal Berkala Kesehatan Vol 4, No 2 (2018): JURNAL BERKALA KESEHATAN
Publisher : Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (551.794 KB) | DOI: 10.20527/jbk.v4i2.5854

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Konseling merupakan aspek penting dalam keluarga berencana dan kesehatan reproduksi. Dengan melakukan konseling tenaga kesehatan dapat membantu klien dalam memilih dan memutuskan apa jenis kontrasepsi untuk digunakan sesuai dengan pilihannya. Terjadi penurunan akseptor KB Intra Uterine Devices di Kabupaten Labuhanbatu dari Tahun 2014 yakni dari 202 orang di tahun 2014 menjadi 130 orang di tahun 2015. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh konseling terhadap perilaku Pasangan Usia Subur dalam pemakaian kontrasepsi IUD di Kelurahan Sirandorung Kecamatan Rantau Utara Kabupaten Labuhanbatu Tahun 2016. Jenis penelitian ini adalah quasi experiment desaign dengan desain one group pre-test and post-test design. Populasi penelitian adalah seluruh pasangan usia subur sebanyak 1117 orang. Besar sampel adalah 89 orang dengan menggunakan teknik Simple Random Sampling. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan rata-rata pengetahuan responden sebelum dilakukan konseling sebesar 1,39 dan sesudah dilakukan konseling sebesar 1.96, sehingga nilai perubahan sebesar 0.57. Sikap responden sebelum dilakukan konseling sebesar 1.39 dan sesudah dilakukan konseling sebesar 2.00, sehingga nilai perubahan sebesar 0.61. Kesimpulan ada pengaruh konseling terhdap  pengetahuan dan sikap Ibu tentang IUD di Kelurahan Sirandorung Kecamatan Rantau Utara Kabupaten Labuhanbatu Tahun 2016. Diharapkan kepada Dinas Kesehatan meningkatkan intensitas konseling untuk memaksimalkan peningkatan pengetahuan , sikap dan tindakan Pasangan Usia Subur.
Determinants of the Participation of Long-Term Contraceptive Method Users on Fertiled Aged Couples at Kampung KB Kelurahan Rengas Pulau Medan Marelan in 2018 Tampubolon, Emelia A.; Hidayat, Wisnu; Tarigan, Frida Lina
Proceeding - Sari Mutiara Indonesia International Conference on Health Vol 1 No 1 (2018): Sari Mutiara Indonesia International Conference on Health
Publisher : Sari Mutiara Indonesia University Press

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Abstract

The increase in population in Indonesia has caused population problems in which people use Non-MKJP (Non-Long Term Contraceptive Method), compared with MKJP. The negative impact of low coverage of MKJP users is the increase in population which brings about low provision in manpower. The objective of the research was to find out some factors which influenced of MKJP users’ participation in PUS (productive-aged couples) at Kampung KB, Kelurahan Rengas Pulau, Medan Marelan, in 2018. The research used observational analytic method with cross sectional dresign. The population was 365 KB (Family Planning) acceptors at Kampung KB, Kelurahan Rengas Pulau, and 78 of them were used as the samples. The result of multiple logistic regression analysis at p-value=0.25 showed that there was the influence of knowledge (p=0.018, PR=5.987), parity (p=0.001, PR=0.058), husbands’ or families’ support (p=0.001, PR=21.061), culture (p=0.005, PR=0.041), the distance of health facility (p=0.010, PR=0.089) on MKJP users’ participation in PUS. However, there was no influence of health care providers (p=0.054, PR=4.507) on MKJP users’ participation in PUS. The variable which had the most dominant influence of husbands’ or families’ support which had the opportunity of 21.061 time more than that of the other variables in MKJP users’ participation in PUS. It is recommended that the health care providers support the use of MKJP so that PUS can understand the benefit of using contraception.
ASSOCIATION OF COMMUNITY BEHAVIOR AND CONDITION OF THE HOME EXPOSED TO VOLCANIC ASH WITH THE ACUTE RESPIRATORY INFECTION (ARI) AMONG VILLAGERS IN PERBAJI Tarigan, Frida Lina
Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health

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Abstract

Background: Volcanic dust from the eruption of Mount Sinabung causes the air condition to be bad and also disturbs the health of the surrounding population. This causes the occurrence of Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI), as well as various other diseases such as cough, runny nose, sneezing, sore throat. The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between citizen behavior and the condition of the house exposed to volcanic ash with the incidence of ARI (Acute Respiratory Infection) to the residents of Karo Regency Perbaji Village in 2017. Methods: This research is a cross-sectional study involved the head of family who is domiciled and has a permanent population of 209 households in the village of Perbaji, Tiganderket District, Karo Regency, with a total sample of 68 families. Data analysis used in this research is univariate and bivariate analysis with Chi Square test. Results: The result shows that based on Chi Square test, there is a significant correlation between residents’ behavior exposed to volcanic ash with the incidence of ARI (p value = 0.000). It is noted also a significant correlation between the house condition exposed to volcanic ash and the ARI occurrence (p value = 0.000). Conclusion: The results suggested that the villagers of Perbaji Village to use masks if they are outdoors in the event of an eruption. For the poor housing conditions, it is expected that the residents will improve their houses, such as covering the holes that can be penetrated by volcanic ash using plastic or paper. It is needed to pay attention to the condition of Perbaji village residents who are exposed to volcanic ash by distributing masks, and giving free treatment. 
SKRINING KANKER SERVIKS DENGAN PEMERIKSAAN PAP SMEAR PADA PROFESI BIDAN DI RUMAH SAKIT TK II PUTRI HIJAU MEDAN TAHUN 2017 Syaiful, Syaiful; Tarigan, Frida Lina; Zuska, Fikarwin
Jurnal Riset Hesti Medan Vol 3, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Akademi Keperawatan Kesdam I/Bukit Barisan Medan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (513.779 KB) | DOI: 10.34008/jurhesti.v3i2.34

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Cervical cancer is a malignant tumor that grows inside the cervix (the lowest part of the uterus attached to the top of the vagina). A Pap smear is a method in which a cell is taken from the cervix and examined under a microscope. Any woman who is 18 years old, or a woman who has been sexually active should begin a Pap smear. This check should be done every year, although there are no symptoms of cancer. An examination of more than a year if it reaches the age of 65 years or three previous consecutive checks shows normal results. The purpose of the study changed the behavior of the midwife profession in order to perform cervical cancer screening with pap smear examination at Tk II Putri Hijau Hospital Medan. The design of this research is qualitative through phenomenology approach. The result of the research was obtained by the informant as many as 8 people consisting of 1 male informant that is obgyn doctor, 7 person work as midwife consisting of informant 2 often doing pap smear examination. Informants who do not routinely perform pap smear examination of informants 3 informants 3 times, informant 4 as much as 1 times, informant 5 as much as 3 times, informant 6 as much as 2 times. While informant 7 has never done pap smear examination, and informant 8 as much as 1 times. Some of the reasons that changed the behavior of the midwife profession to the Pap smear examination were shyness (fear), fear, no complaints (abnormalities), kesetrilan (medical equipment), lazy and cost. Here is found the expression of the eight informants is a more dominant shame words. Suggestion for the Tk II Putri Hijau Medan, submitted to the leader to oblige all female sex workers who have been actively engaged in sexual intercourse to perform cervical cancer screening by Pap smear examination routinely according to procedure and done at Tk II Putri Hijau Hospital Medan for free with existing health insurance facilities.Keyword: Cervical cancer screening, Pap smear Examination, Midwife Profession.
Smoking Behavior of Adolescent Determining in SMP Negeri 1 Simpang Empat 2018 Siregar, Mutiah Saleha; Hidayat, Wisnu; Tarigan, Frida Lina
Proceeding - Sari Mutiara Indonesia International Conference on Health Vol 1 No 1 (2018): Sari Mutiara Indonesia International Conference on Health
Publisher : Sari Mutiara Indonesia University Press

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Background:Indonesia ranks fifth in the highest number of cigarette consuming countries and ranks third in the country with the highest number of smokers in the world. There is an increase in the number of smokers from age group under 15 years and the highest increase is in the age group 10-14 years. Objectives: This study aimed to determine the factors associated with smoking behavior among male students in SMP Negeri 1 Simpang Empat Asahan in 2018.Metode:This research is an analytic survey with cross sectional study design. Number of sample 128 respondents using total sampling. Data analysis was done using univariate analysis, bivariate with chi square test and multivariate with multiple logistic regression. Results: The result of the research showed that there was the correlation of knowledge (p=0.031<α=0.05), attitude(p=0.001<α=0.05), affordability of access (p=0.015<α=0.05), ad exposure (p=0.00<α= 0.05), parents’role (p=0.002<α0.050), peer role (p=0.001<α=0.05), school’s role (p=0.033<α=0.05). The variable which the most dominant correlation was ad exposure (p=0.003;OR=11.806 95% CI 2.345-47.541). Conclusion:It can be concluded that the ad exposure highly influences the development of smoking behavior in adolescents on the grounds they smoke to be more acceptable to people especially peers and to look more manly.
Case Study of Stunting Toddlers in Paluh Manis Village, Kecamatan Gebang Kabupaten Langkat Jamilah, Jamilah; Hidayat, Wisnu; Tarigan, Frida Lina
Proceeding - Sari Mutiara Indonesia International Conference on Health Vol 1 No 1 (2018): Sari Mutiara Indonesia International Conference on Health
Publisher : Sari Mutiara Indonesia University Press

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Abstract

Objective: The purpose of the study was to determine and analyze the factors that cause stunting in children under five (a case study of stunting toddlers in Paluh Manis Village, Gebang District, Langkat District, 2018). Background: Stunting is a failure to grow in toddlers (infants under five years) due to chronic malnutrition so that the child is too short for his age. Factors that cause stunting in children under five include family and household factors, factors of inadequate supplementary feeding, inappropriate breastfeeding practice factors and clinical and subclinical infection factors. Methods: Qualitative research designed with phenomenological study designed by taking 9 informants. Data collection used interview guidelines and the researchers as data collectors conducted from January to July 2018. Results: The results showed that the causes of stunting in toddlers (case study of stunting toddlers in Paluh Manis Village, Gebang District, Langkat District, 2018) were economic factors and factors lack of knowledge. Conclusion: Researchers suggest that local governments should be active in programs to deal with stunting toddlers such as supplementary feeding programs and counseling to stunting mothers of toddlers with home visits and adding nutrition health workers to help with stunting prevention.
PERBEDAAN EFEKTIFITAS METODE CERAMAH DENGAN METODE SIMULASI TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP SISWA TENTANG KESEHATAN REPRODUKSI REMAJA DI SMA NEGERI 1 BANDAR KABUPATEN SIMALUNGUN TAHUN 2015 Siregar, Linda; Ginting, Daniel; Tarigan, Frida Lina
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat dan Lingkungan Hidup Vol 1 No 2 (2016): JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT DAN LINGKUNGAN HIDUP
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SARI MUTIARA INDONESIA

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Pada masa remaja informasi tentang masalah seksual sudah seharusnya mulai diberikan supaya remaja tidak mendapatkan informasi yang salah dari sumber yang tidak jelas.Berdasarkan wawancarayang dilakukan pada 10 orang siswa 8 orang tidak mengerti tentang kesehatan reproduksi remaja dan 2 orang mengatakan mengerti tentang kesehatan reproduksi remaja tetapi tidak dapat memberikan penjelasan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan efektifitas metode ceramah dengan metode simulasi terhadap pengetahuan dan sikap siswa tentang kesehatan reproduksi remaja. Jenis penelitian adalah eksperimen dengan rancangan Nonequivalent Control Group Design, desain ini kelompok eksperimen maupun kelompok kontrol tidak dipilih secara random. Penelitian ini  dilakukan di SMA Negeri 1 Bandar Kabupaten Simalungun dari Oktober 2014-Mei 2015. Besar sampel sebanyak 62 orang, menggunakan metode Judgemental Sampling. Pengumpulan data menggunakan data primer dan dianalisis dengan menggunakan uji-t. Hasil penelitian ini bahwa ada perbedaan efektifitas yang bermakna antara metode ceramah dengan metode simulasi terhadap peningkatan pengetahuan dan sikap siswa, Efektifitas metode ceramah terhadap pengetahuan siswa meningkat sebesar 22,48%. Dan metode ceramah terhadap sikap siswa meningkat sebesar 16,35%. Efektifitas metode simulasi terhadap pengetahuan siswa tentang kesehatan reproduksi remaja nilai rerata sebelum perlakuan dan sesudah perlakuan meningkat sebesar 25%. Sedangkan terhadap sikap siswa meningkat sebesar 27,99%. Disarankan bagi Dinas Kesehatan dapat memanfaatkan metode simulasi dalam memberikan penyuluhan, pendidikan, informasi kepada siswa SMA.Bagi Sekolah dapat menggunakan metode simulasi untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan dan perbaikan sikap siswa tentang kesehatan reproduksi remaja.Bagi siswa diharapkan lebih berhati-hati dalam bergaul dan dapat menjaga kesehatan reproduksinya sendiri dengan tidak melakukan hubungan seksual sebelum menikah. Bagi peneliti selanjutnya dapat menjadi bahan masukan untuk melakukan penelitian yang berkaitan dengan kesehatan reproduksi remaja dalam masalah yang berbeda atau karakteristik responden yang berbeda atau membangdingkannya dengan metode-metode lain.
RISK FACTORS OF INFERTILITY IN COUPLE OF AGE AGE IN HOSPITALS STELLA MARIS MEDAN YEAR 2018 Tambun, Mastaida; Simanjuntak, Erledis; Tarigan, Frida Lina
Proceeding - Sari Mutiara Indonesia International Conference on Health Vol 1 No 1 (2018): Sari Mutiara Indonesia International Conference on Health
Publisher : Sari Mutiara Indonesia University Press

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Infertility is a situation where a woman is not experiencing a pregnancy after marrying within 1 years or more though it has sexual intercourse as much as 2-3 times a week. This research aims to analyze the risk factors for the occurrence of infertility on couples of fertile age research is using design case control. The location of the research conducted in the Stella Maris Hospital 2018. The population in this research is the whole fertile couples who visit during the period April-August 2018, that as many as 150 people. The amount of sample (Case and control) taken comparable 1:1, 40 cases: 40 controls, so that the overall number of samples is 80 samples. Data collection research done using primary data obtained by dividing the questionnaire to respondents, secondary data obtained from records or reports from the Stella Maris Hospital. Data processing is started from the editing, coding, entry, the tabulating. Data analysis using the chisquare test with bivariate and multivariate with logistic regression test. The research results show that there is a relationship age (p = 0.000; OR = 6.6), menstruation cycle (p = 0.005; or = 4.7), companion disease (p = 0,011; OR = 4.6), stress (p = 0.012; OR = 5.9), impaired sperm function (p = 0.002; OR = 8.2). The most dominant variable effect on the incidence of infertility is a malfunctioning of the sperm (p = 0.006; OR = 6.9 95% 1,780-31,313). There for thus to fertile couples Stella Maris Hospital suggestion, to further improve the attention and understanding early on about the risk factors associated with the incidence of infertility interfetilitas genesis so that it can be more minimized