Tjokorda GdeAgung Senapathi, Tjokorda
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Non-Convulsive Status Epilepticus (NCSE) in ICU Wiryana, Made; Sinardja, I Ketut; Aryabiantara, I Wayan; GdeAgung Senapathi, Tjokorda; Gede Widnyana, I Made; Utara Hartawan, I Gusti Agung Gede; Parami, Pontisomaya; Ryalino, Christopher; Putra Pradhana, Adinda
Bali Journal of Anesthesiology Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15562/bjoa.v1i1.5

Abstract

Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by recurrent epileptic seizures. Non-convulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) is defined as a persistent change in mental status as opposed to the previous conditions, lasted at least 30 minutes long,  associated with continuous spike wave epileptiform EEG changes. Clinical manifestation of NCSE can present as confusion, personality changes, psychosis, and coma. Indeed NCSE prognosis is dependent on the underlying etiology of persistent EEG changes of. Preferred medication is focus on improving its fundamental pathological changes, such as metabolic disorders, infection, drugs toxicity, and immediate pharmacological treatment. Intravenous benzodiazepine is recommended asthe first drug of choice for NCSE and early recognition of treatment response can help to establish the diagnosis.  This patient has a good outcome which was influenced with short ictal period from the first episode upon arrival on reffered hospital, good initial response and management on emergency department, a conduct and thorough ICU monitoring, as well as the effective treatment response.
Anesthesia on Pediatric Laproscopy Wiryana, Made; Sinardja, I Ketut; Kurniyanta, Putu; GdeAgung Senapathi, Tjokorda; Gede Widnyana, I Made; Utara Hartawan, I Gusti Agung Gede; Parami, Pontisomaya; Darma Junaedi, I Made; Putra Pradhana, Adinda
Bali Journal of Anesthesiology Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15562/bjoa.v1i1.1

Abstract

Laparoscopic surgery has several advantages compared to a regular surgical procedures. This technique can reduce the stress of surgery, reduce the need for postoperative analgesia, decreased respiratory and wound complications, lowering long hospitalization, including in the intensive therapy, and the patient can go back to eat quickly. The magnitude of changes in vital signs that occur will be influenced by the patients age, cardiovascular function, and anesthetic agents are used. Physiological changes in pediatric laparoscopic surgery were similar to adults. Children have a higher vagal tone and sometimes a stimulus to the peritoneum by insufflation gas or penetration laparoscopic and trocar can lead to bradycardia and asystole. Intra-abdominal pressure is an important determinant for maintaining cardiovascular stability during laparoscopy. Adequate relaxation needed during the duration of the surgery.
Central Venous Pressure Correlates with Inferior Vena Cava Collapsibility Index in Patient Treated in Intensive Care Unit Wiryana, Made; Sinardja, I Ketut; Aryabiantara, I Wayan; GdeAgung Senapathi, Tjokorda; Gede Widnyana, I Made; Mahaalit Aribawa, I Gusti Ngurah; Gede Utara Hartawan, I Gusti Agung; Parami, Pontisomaya; Perangin Angin, Emkel
Bali Journal of Anesthesiology Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15562/bjoa.v1i1.2

Abstract

Background: Intravascular volume status is an important parameter in monitoring the patients treated at intensive care unit (ICU), so accuracy and strict monitoring of fluid volume is one factor that influence patient’s health status. Amongst others, two ways to monitor body fluid volume status is central venous pressure (CVP) and collapsibility index of inferior vena cava (IVC) diameter. The purpose of this study is to determine the correlation between CVP with the IVC collapsibility index in patients treated in ICU Sanglah Hospital in Denpasar. Method: Seventy patients treated at Sanglah Hospital ICU with already inserted CVC for appropriate indication, were measured for CVP, then followed by examination the diameter of IVC with ultrasound to measure the maximum and minimum collapsibility index. Spearman’s correlation coefficients was used to assess the correlation between CVP and collapsibility index of the IVC. Results: In 70 patients, we found a very strong negative correlation between CVP and IVC’s collapsibility index (Spearmans rho = -0.854; p <0.001). Conclusion: This study found that there is a very strong negative correlation between CVP and collapsibility index of IVC. This finding indicates that the collapsibility index of the IVC may substitute CVP in determining the status of the intravascular volume.