I Made Gde Widnyana, I Made Gde
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Efficacy of Subcutaneous Morphine Patient Controlled Analgesia Compared to Intravenous Morphine Patient Controlled Analgesia on Cesarean Section Wiryana, Made; Sinardja, I Ketut; Budiarta, I Gede; Senapathi, Tjokorda Gde Agung; Widnyana, I Made Gde; Aribawa, I Gusti Ngurah Mahaalit; Nainggolan, Elisma
Bali Journal of Anesthesiology Vol 1, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15562/bjoa.v1i3.27

Abstract

Background: Cesarean section causes moderate to severe pain in the first 48 hours postoperatively, thus requiring an adequate perioperative pain management, not only so that the mother can be quickly discharged but also to perform daily activities after surgery such as breastfeeding and nurse the baby.Objective: To determine the efficacy of subcutaneous morphine patient controlled analgesia (SC-PCA) in lowering VAS (visual analogue score), total morphine consumption and postoperative side effect on cesarean section compared with intravenous morphine patient controlled analgesia (IV- PCA).Methods: This study is an experimental clinical trial using consecutive sampling technique. Sixty-four subjects were allocated into two groups of PCA morphine subcutaneously (SC-PCA) and the group PCA morphine intravenously (IV-PCA), each consisting of 32 subjects using permuted block randomization. Morphine concentration was 5 mg/ml (group SC-PCA) or the concentration of 1mg/ml (group IV-PCA). Both groups were then analyzed for VAS ratings, total morphine consumption, and adverse effects, post operatively at 4th, 8th, and 24th hour. Statistic analysis using repeated ANOVA test and t-test with p <0.05 onsidered significant.Result: Morphine consumption in IV-PCA group showed lower needs than SC-PCA (9.41 mg vs 4,9mg) p <0.001 24 at 24 hours postoperatively. The VAS at resting at 4th hours statistically significantly lower in IV-PCA group (1.06 ± 0.71 vs 0.81 ± 1.40, p=0.029) and at 8th hours (1.03 ± 0.59 vs 0.94 ± 0,9, p=0.048). The moving VAS at 4th hours statistically significant lower in IV-PCA group (2.31 ± 0.47 vs 1.45 ± 2.06, p=0.019) but the static or VAS at moving are not different clinically. Side effects of nausea and vomiting are more common in IV-PCA group. We conclude that SC-PCA provide analgesia more effective and decreases side effects in patients undergo sectio cesarea with spinal anesthesia.
Safety Timeout for Local Anesthetics and Regional Anesthesia Sinardja, Cynthia Dewi; Widnyana, I Made Gde; Lolobali, Marilaeta Cindryani
Bali Journal of Anesthesiology Vol 1, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : DiscoverSys Inc.

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15562/bjoa.v1i3.38

Abstract

Our anesthesia practices are always based on patient safety in WHO surgical and anesthesia guidelines. Those guidelines are interpreted in checklists and protocols that could be applied in daily routine in every standard operating theaters. A surgical patient would be notified and identified during the surgery by all member of the operating room including the anesthesiologist through a specialized checklists which was called a safety surgical checklist usually done in the preparation room, signing in, 5 minutes for timeout before the incision, and the last sign out before closure stitching. Anesthesia conduct and monitoring is viewed as a part of the whole surgery practice.The safety timeout that has been elaborated in ASRA Regional Block Pre-Procedural Checklist is one important thing that needs to be encouraged and confirmed every time an anesthesiologist is getting ready to do a regional anesthesia.  The safety timeout is useful as a quick reminder for operating theater personnel especially anesthesiologist and the nurse anesthetists to do a double check and reassessment on patient condition, drug and adjuvant choice, labels, and other implicating factors. There are many contributing factors that could induced emergency and crisis situations in regional anesthesia conduct, and the safety timeout is an alternative way to eliminate and trace those factors in an appropriate way.