Indrawan, I Gde Budi
Geological Engineering Department Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Mineralogical Characteristics of Hydrothermally-altered Andesite in Kalirejo Village and The Surrounding Areas, Indonesia Putra Pratama, Diyan Aditya; Indrawan, I Gde Budi; Warmada, I Wayan
Journal of Applied Geology Vol 3, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Geological Engineering Department Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3928.775 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jag.48598

Abstract

Type and intensity of hydrothermal alterations affect rock engineering properties and slope stability. Identification of mineralogical characteristics of rocks is essential in determination of rock slope failure mechanism in a hydrothermal alteration zone. This research was conducted to identify mineralogical characteristics of hydrothermallyaltered andesite in Kalirejo Village and surrounding areas, Indonesia. The research was conducted by field observation and laboratory analyses involving petrographic and X-ray Powder Diffraction (XRD) analyses. The results showed that the research area was dominated by argillic alteration type and high alteration intensity implying high susceptibility to slope failures
Engineering Geology of Sidosari Area, Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia Ratri, Diyaning; Indrawan, I Gde Budi
Journal of Applied Geology Vol 2, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Geological Engineering Department Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jag.30254

Abstract

Development of settlement area in Sidosari area and the surroundings requires complete understanding of the engineering geological conditions, including susceptibility to landslides, to prevent damaged properties and loss of lives. Surface engineering geological mapping at a 1:25000 scale was conducted to develop a detailed landslide susceptibility map for spatial planning and to identify most controlling factor of landslides in the research area based on conditions of geomorphology, rock and soil, geological structure, groundwater seepage, and land use. The engineering geological mapping showed that landslides commonly occurred in the moderate slopes of the denudational hill landform having slope inclination ranging from 9 to 17°, in the areas covered by residual soils of the vitric tuff 2 unit, in the areas of no groundwater seepage, and in the settlement areas, including in Kranjang Lor area where soil creeping occurred. The high susceptibility zone covered 55.5 % of the research area and was characterized by having slope inclinations ranging from 9 to 35°, engineering geological units of vitric tuff 2 and tuff breccia, and land uses of rice and dry fields and settlement. The low cohesion and very high swelling potential of the residual soils of the vitric tuff 2 unit were considered to be the main controlling factor of landslides in the research area.
AN EVALUATION OF ROCK SLOPE STABILITY USING LIMIT EQUILIBRIUM ANALYSES Aprilia, Faridha; Indrawan, I Gde Budi
Journal of Applied Geology Vol 6, No 2
Publisher : Geological Engineering Department Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (5126.316 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jag.7220

Abstract

The stability of rock slopes is controlled by several factors, such as the intact rock strength, discontinuity characteristics, groundwater condition, and slope geometry. Limit equilibrium (LE) analyses have been commonly used in geotechnical practice to evaluate the stability of rock slopes. A number of methods of LE analyses, ranging from simple to sophisticated methods, have been developed. This paper presents stability analyses of rock slopes at the Batu Hijau open mine in Sumbawa Barat using various methods of LE analyses. The LE analyses were conducted at three cross sections of the northern wall of the open mine using the Bishop Simplified, Janbu Simplified, Janbu Generalised, and General Limit Equilibrium (GLE) methods in Slide slope stability package. In addition, a Plane Failure (PF) analysis was performed manually. Shear strength data of the discontinuity planes used in the LE analyses were obtained from back analyses of previous rock slope failures. The LE analysis results showed that the rock slopes were likely to have shallow non-circular critical failure surfaces. The factor of safety (Fs) values obtained from the Bishop Simplified, Janbu Simplified, Janbu Generalised, and GLE methods were found to be similar, while the Fs values obtained from the PF method were higher than those obtained from the more rigorous methods. Keywords: Batu Hijau mine, Bishop Simplified, Janbu Simplified, Janbu Generalised, limit equilibrium analyses, general limit equilibrium, rock slope stability, plane failure.
Site Investigation For Construction Of Emergency Spillway At The Jatigede Dam Warman, Gusti Imam; Indrawan, I Gde Budi
Journal of Applied Geology Vol 7, No 1
Publisher : Geological Engineering Department Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jag.16919

Abstract

An emergency spillway has been planned to be constructed at the Jatigede Dam, West Java, to allow floodwater to flow downstream and to prevent the capacity of the main spillway to be exceeded during large flood events. The complex geology of theJatigede Dam area, however, poses a challenge to determine the suitable location for the emergency spillway construction, either in the area to the west or to the east of the embankment dam. An engineering geological mapping and landslide susceptibilityzoning were conducted to determine the engineeringgeological characteristics of the area surrounding theJatigede Dam. The site investigation showed that thearea to the west of the embankment dam tended tohave a lower slope inclination than the area to theeast of the embankment dam. Both areas to the westand to the east of the embankment dam were found tobe composed of less erosion resistant rock units. Theexistence of the earth retaining structures for slopestabilization in the area to the east of the embankment dam will, however, likely limit the flexibility in developing the emergency spillway route. With respect to the existence of fault systems, both areas to the west and to the east of the embankment dam will likely be influenced by similar conditions. The areato the west of the embankment dam tended to be lesssusceptible to landslide as compared to the area tothe east of the embankment dam. The undevelopedland use of the area to the west of the embankmen dam as compared to the area to the east of the embankment dam will provide more flexibility in construction of the emergency spillway. Due to the morefavorable engineering geological conditions, the area to the west of the embankment dam is proposed forthe location of the emergency spillway construction.Keywords: Emergency spillway, Engineering geological mapping, Jatigede Dam
Landslide Susceptibility Mapping Using Analytical Hierarchy Process, Statistical Index, Index of Enthropy, and Logistic Regression Approaches in the TinalahWatershed, Yogyakarta Xiong, Tee; Indrawan, I Gde Budi; Eka Putra, Doni Prakasa
Journal of Applied Geology Vol 2, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Geological Engineering Department Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jag.39983

Abstract

A number of approaches have been used inlandslide susceptibility mappingand there seems to be no agreement on which approach provides best prediction of landslide susceptibility. This study was conducted to develop landslide susceptibility mapsof the Tinalah watershed at a 1:25000 scale using analytical hierarchy process (AHP), statistical index (SI), index of entropy (IOE) and logistic regression (LR) approaches and to compare performance of those approaches in predicting landslide susceptibility. Out of 114 landslides identified during site investigation, 86 landslides were selected for landslide susceptibility analyses, while the remaining 28 landslides were used to verify the results. Factors controlling landslides considered in the landslide susceptibility mapping were slope inclination, lithology, distance to fault, land use, distance to river, and rainfall. Analyses of Receiver Operating Characteristics (ROC) curves showed that the AUC values of the landslide susceptibility maps derived using AHP, SI, IOE and LR approaches were 0.784, 0.688, 0.827 and 0.834, respectively. The LR approach was concluded to perform the best in predicting landslide susceptibility in the study area.
Improvement of Engineering Properties of Residual Soil of Tuff Breccia by Electro-Kinetic Method Aung, Hnin Thazin; Eka Putra, Doni Prakasa; Indrawan, I Gde Budi
Journal of Applied Geology Vol 3, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Geological Engineering Department Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (10286.801 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jag.39993

Abstract

This paper presents the results of an experimental study that was conductedto improve engineering properties of residual soil of tuff breccia by applying the electrokinetic method. The soil samples were taken from a slope in a high susceptible landslide area in the Kulon Progo, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The electro-kinetic experiments were conducted using a clear glass tank of 60 cm 30 cm 30 cm size, a 13 V power pack to supply the voltage, and aluminum electrodes. The results showed that the pH value of anolyte decreased while that of catholyte increased during the treatment. The Atterberg’s limits of all soil samples decreased, while the shear strengths increased. XRD and SEM analyses indicated that there were no mineral changes after electro-kinetic experiments. However, the soil structure changed and became denser. The increased soil strength after electro-kinetic treatment would likely improve stability of natural slopes.
Penentuan Zona Kerentanan Longsor Berdasarkan Karakteristik Geologi dan Alterasi Batuan Titisari, Anastasia Dewi; Khul Husna, Hitznaiti Zaidini'; Putra, Ilham Dharmawan; Indrawan, I Gde Budi
Jurnal Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement) Vol 4, No 2 (2019): Maret
Publisher : Direktorat Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (4064.51 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpkm.35935

Abstract

ABSTRACT Landslide is one of the most frequent disasters in Indonesia. The occurrence of landslides is heavily controlled by geological conditions especially in areas with composed by altered rocks. Hargotirto Village, Kokap District, Kulon Progo Regency, DIY is composed by altered rocks so that many landslides occur.It is necessary, thereforeto determine the landslide susceptibility zone based on the geological characteristics and rock alteration in the area as one of disaster mitigation efforts to reduce the risk of landslide disaster. The research method used is data collection in the field such as inclination data of slope, geological condition, and land cover; and laboratory analysis such as petrographic analysis, XRD (X-Ray Diffraction) analysis, and rock geochemical analysis using ICP-AES (Inductively Coupled Plasma - Atomic Emission Spectroscopy).The collected data are used as parameters for landslide zonation determination using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) method.The results showed that the lithology of the research area is andesite and porphyry diorite with alteration type of argillic and propylitic alteration. Their intensity are categorized as low to moderate alteration.Based on these conditions can be categorized into4 levels of landslide susceptibility namely the very high landslide susceptibility that dominates 35% of research areas in the north and northwest; the high landslide susceptibility of 20% spreads over the center of the study area; the moderate landslide susceptibility of 20% distributed in the center southernof the study area; and the low landslide susceptibility of 25% spread over the southern part of the study area.Therefore, residents who live in the area are advised to always be alert to the possibility of landslide because it is included in the zone of very high and high landslide susceptibility. Keywords: argillic alteration; Hargotirto; landslide susceptibility; prophyllitic alteration
Evaluasi Kondisi Geologi Teknik dalam Pembangunan Embung Indrawan, I Gde Budi; Novianti, Shinta Dwi; Hendrayana, Heru; Putra, Doni Prakasa Eka; Wilopo, Wahyu
Jurnal Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement) Vol 5, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Direktorat Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1378.064 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpkm.35691

Abstract

Pucang Village was consisted of eruption materials of Merapi Volcano. The relatively high coefficient of permeability of the materials consisting this area caused rainwater to directly infiltrate into the ground. Evaluation of engineering geological conditions was conducted for construction of a detention pond in this area, which had limited water supply for daily activities. The evaluation was conducted on results of a 1:10.000 scale of engineering geological mapping and analyses of 1:10.000 scale of geological disaster maps produced by previous researchers. The engineering geological mapping involved mapping of morphological condition and active geomorphic process, lithological condition, existence of geological structure, and water source location. The evaluation results showed that the proposed location met the land suitability criteria for detention pond construction based on the morphological condition and active geomorphic process, existence of geological structure, and water source location, but did not meet those based on the lithological and vulnerability to Merapi Volcano eruption disaster. Construction of impermeable layer to prevent water seepage into the ground and periodic removal of sediment in the base of the detention pond were suggested to be carried out to keep the detention pond functioning properly.
Evaluasi Kondisi Geologi Teknik dalam Pembangunan Embung Indrawan, I Gde Budi; Novianti, Shinta Dwi; Hendrayana, Heru; Putra, Doni Prakasa Eka; Wilopo, Wahyu
Jurnal Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement) Vol 5, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Direktorat Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1378.064 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpkm.35691

Abstract

Pucang Village was consisted of eruption materials of Merapi Volcano. The relatively high coefficient of permeability of the materials consisting this area caused rainwater to directly infiltrate into the ground. Evaluation of engineering geological conditions was conducted for construction of a detention pond in this area, which had limited water supply for daily activities. The evaluation was conducted on results of a 1:10.000 scale of engineering geological mapping and analyses of 1:10.000 scale of geological disaster maps produced by previous researchers. The engineering geological mapping involved mapping of morphological condition and active geomorphic process, lithological condition, existence of geological structure, and water source location. The evaluation results showed that the proposed location met the land suitability criteria for detention pond construction based on the morphological condition and active geomorphic process, existence of geological structure, and water source location, but did not meet those based on the lithological and vulnerability to Merapi Volcano eruption disaster. Construction of impermeable layer to prevent water seepage into the ground and periodic removal of sediment in the base of the detention pond were suggested to be carried out to keep the detention pond functioning properly.
Penentuan Zona Kerentanan Longsor Berdasarkan Karakteristik Geologi dan Alterasi Batuan Titisari, Anastasia Dewi; Khul Husna, Hitznaiti Zaidini'; Putra, Ilham Dharmawan; Indrawan, I Gde Budi
Jurnal Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement) Vol 4, No 2 (2019): Maret
Publisher : Direktorat Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (4064.51 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpkm.35935

Abstract

ABSTRACT Landslide is one of the most frequent disasters in Indonesia. The occurrence of landslides is heavily controlled by geological conditions especially in areas with composed by altered rocks. Hargotirto Village, Kokap District, Kulon Progo Regency, DIY is composed by altered rocks so that many landslides occur.It is necessary, thereforeto determine the landslide susceptibility zone based on the geological characteristics and rock alteration in the area as one of disaster mitigation efforts to reduce the risk of landslide disaster. The research method used is data collection in the field such as inclination data of slope, geological condition, and land cover; and laboratory analysis such as petrographic analysis, XRD (X-Ray Diffraction) analysis, and rock geochemical analysis using ICP-AES (Inductively Coupled Plasma - Atomic Emission Spectroscopy).The collected data are used as parameters for landslide zonation determination using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) method.The results showed that the lithology of the research area is andesite and porphyry diorite with alteration type of argillic and propylitic alteration. Their intensity are categorized as low to moderate alteration.Based on these conditions can be categorized into4 levels of landslide susceptibility namely the very high landslide susceptibility that dominates 35% of research areas in the north and northwest; the high landslide susceptibility of 20% spreads over the center of the study area; the moderate landslide susceptibility of 20% distributed in the center southernof the study area; and the low landslide susceptibility of 25% spread over the southern part of the study area.Therefore, residents who live in the area are advised to always be alert to the possibility of landslide because it is included in the zone of very high and high landslide susceptibility. Keywords: argillic alteration; Hargotirto; landslide susceptibility; prophyllitic alteration