Articles

Found 4 Documents
Search

PERMINTAAN PANGAN SUMBER KARBOHIDRAT DI INDONESIA Wijayati, Prasmita Dian; Harianto, nFN; Suryana, Achmad
Analisis Kebijakan Pertanian Vol 17, No 1 (2019): Analisis Kebijakan Pertanian
Publisher : Pusat Sosial Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pertanian

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/akp.v17n1.2019.13-26

Abstract

Carbohydrate source food as the main supply of energy for Indonesian population is still dominated by rice. At the same time, per capita consumption of wheat products has increased annually.  On the other hand, Indonesia has diversity of local food as carbohydrate sources. One of main government policies related to food consumption is to accelerate food and nutrition diversification based on local food sources. Objective of this study was to understand demand for various carbohydrate food sources at household level by introducing socio-economic variables such as household size, wife working status, and characteristics of household head. This research used Susenas 2017 data at national level from Statistics Indonesia.  Demand for food was estimated by the AIDS model.  Result of this study confirmed that rice was still as the most favorable carbohydrate source for Indonesian people. Bread and processed food were categorized as luxurious; while rice, wheat flour, cereals, and roots were as normal goods. Demand own price elasticity for rice, wheat flour, cereals, and roots were elastic, meanwhile for bread and prepared foods were inelastic. This study suggests that effort to reduce per capita rice consumption is, among other, done by increasing knowledge and awareness of household members of the importance of food consumption diversification for maintaining a healthy and productive life. The government should be aware of the continuing increase in wheat flour imports in line with national economic growth due to high income elasticity for bread and processed food.
Analisis Kelayakan Ekonomi, Keberlanjutan Usahatani dan Faktor-Faktor Penentu Adopsi Benih Jagung Transgenik di Indonesia Saragih, Edwin S.; Sitorus, Santun R.P.; Harianto, nFN; Moeljopawiro, Sugiono
Jurnal Agro Ekonomi Vol 27, No 1 (2009): Jurnal Agro Ekonomi
Publisher : Pusat Sosial Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pertanian

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/jae.v27n1.2009.23-44

Abstract

EnglishAn ex ante valuation was carried out to determine economic feasibility and sustainability of transgenic Bt and RR corn seeds adoption at farm level. Farm surveys were conducted in East Java and Lampung provinces to collect data from the existing corn farms. Data were analyzed using methods of input-output analysis, contingent valuation method (CVM) and multi-attribute value theory (MAVT). Simulated input-output analysis (with vs without) was conducted using previously available trial data and reference from a neighbor country. For analyzing factors enabling effective adoption of transgenic corn, some experts were requested to weigh potential alternatives based on various criteria, sub-criteria and indicators employing analytical hierarchy process (AHP) technique. Feasibility valuation showed that transgenic corn provides higher farm revenue than that of conventional hybrid corn, i.e., Rp. 10.7 – 14.4 million and Rp. 10.2 – 12.4 million per hectare, respectively. Majority of farmers were willing to pay higher price for transgenic corn seeds but not exceeding 10% of hybrid corn seeds price. Sustainability index calculated at farm level showed slightly higher aggregate index of transgenic corn seeds adoption compared to that of existing hybrid corn. Institutional framework and capacity, regulation and public perception were seen as the most critical factors in ensuring successful adoption of transgenic seeds in Indonesia.      IndonesianValuasi ex ante dilakukan untuk menentukan kelayakan ekonomi dan keberlanjutan adopsi jagung transgenik BT dan RR pada tingkat usahatani. Survai usahatani dilaksanakan di dua provinsi, Jawa Timur dan Lampung, untuk mengumpulkan data usahatani jagung. Data diolah dengan beberapa metode, yakni analisis input-output, contingent valuation method (CVM) dan multi-attribute value theory (MAVT). Analisis input-output yang disimulasikan (dengan vs tanpa) dilakukan dengan menggunakan data percobaan sebelumnya dan merujuk pada data dari negara tetangga. Untuk analisis faktor-faktor penentu adopsi tanaman transgenik yang efektif dilakukan wawancara dengan beberapa pakar untuk menimbang alternatif-alternatif potensial berdasarkan berbagai kriteria, subkriteria dan indikator dengan menggunakan teknik analytical hierarchy process (AHP). Hasil valuasi kelayakan menunjukkan bahwa jagung transgenik memberikan penerimaan usahatani lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan jagung hibrida konvensional, yakni masing-masing Rp 10,7 – 14,4 juta dan Rp 10,2 – 12,4 juta per hektar. Sebagian besar petani bersedia membayar lebih mahal untuk benih jagung transgenik, namun tidak melebihi 10% dari harga benih jagung hibrida saat penelitian ini. Indeks keberlanjutan yang dihitung pada tingkat usahatani menunjukkan indeks agregat yang sedikit lebih tinggi dengan adopsi benih jagung transgenik dibandingkan dengan jagung hibrida. Kerangka dan kapasitas kelembagaan, regulasi, dan persepsi publik dinilai sebagai faktor-faktor paling kritikal bagi keberhasilan adopsi benih tanaman transgenik di Indonesia.
Pengaruh Penaungan Tajuk Sonokeling, Kayu Putih dan Mahoni Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Rimpang Lempuyang Wangi Indriyanto, NFN; Sugeng - P, NFN; Harianto, NFN; Hadi, M. Syamsoel
Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat Vol 6, No 2 (1991): Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/bullittro.v6n2.1991.101-107

Abstract

Minat masyarakat terhadap obat-obatan tradisional tampak semakin meningkat, sehingga perlu ditunjang dengan pengetahuan mengenai usaha-usaha pembudidayaan terutama bagi jenis-jenis tumbuhan obat yang dinyatakan langka (terancam punah) seperti lempuyang wangi (Zingiber aromaticim Val.). lempuyang wangi dapat ditanam pada hutan tanaman seperti sonokeling (Dalbergia latifolia Roxb), kayu putih (Eucalyptus alba Reinw.), dan mahoni (Sweletenia macrophylla King.). penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh naungan tajuk sonokelling, kayu putih, dan mahoni terhadap pertumbuhan lempuyang wangi. Penelitian dilakukan di Kebun Percobaan Universitas Lampung di Tanjungan, Lampung Selatan mulai maret 1991 sampai Agustus 1991. Penelitian menggunakan rancangan acak kelompok. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penaungan tajuk kayu putih dan sonokeling masing-masing memberikan pengaruh yang sama terhadap persentase hidup lempuyang wangi, dengan nilai masing-masing 85.60 dan 84.00%, tetapi keduanya berbeda nyata dengan penaungan tajuk mahoni dengan persentase hidup sebesar 60.00%. penaungan tajuk kayu putih, sonokeling, dan mahoni masing-masing berbeda nyata terhadap pertumbuhan tinggi lempuyang wangi, dengan perbedaan lebih dari 4.14 cm, terbaik terhadap pada tegakan kayu putih (33.01). penaungan tajuk kayu putih, sonokeling, dan mahoni masing-masing berbeda nyata terhadap pertambahan berat lempuyang wangi, dengan perbedaan lebih dari 0.50 g, terbaik pada tegakan kayu putih dengan pertambahan berat rimpang sebesar 25.94 g.
Tergerusnya Bahasa Indonesia oleh Bahasa Asing Studi Kasus Penggunaan Bahasa pada Papan Iklan di Kota Singkawang Martina, NFN; Harianto, NFN
Tuah Talino Vol 10 (2016): TUAH TALINO
Publisher : Balai Bahasa Kalimantan Barat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (550.265 KB) | DOI: 10.26499/tt.v10i0.1512

Abstract

A wise man said that the language showed his nation identity. The nation  dignified is they have a pride of using their own language. This expression is very urgent in view of the application raised public use of language is very worrying. This concern is justified because the results of the research team of West Kalimantan Provincial Language Institute in 2015 on the use of language in the public space outside Singkawang showed indifference writer in applying the correct language (mixed language). Erosion of language use outside the public sphere, indicating that the language does not have enough awareness and knowledge of the ideas of creativity in the language. Problems in this paper is the erosion of Indonesian by a foreign language on billboards in Singkawang. This paper describes the erosion of Indonesian by a foreign language on billboards in Singkawang. Descriptive method used in describing the findings in the field of data in this writing. The analysis showed that the erosion of the use of Indonesian by a foreign language, especially on billboards in Singkawang. The use of foreign languages is dominated by English and Chinese (Khek). Foreign language form of intervention in the form of code-mixing, code switching, and use a foreign language pure.