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SURVEI JENTIK NYAMUK Aedes aegypti DI PERUMAHAN WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS MENTENG KOTA PALANGKA RAYA Ardina, Rinny; Nurhalina, Nurhalina; Suratno, Suratno; Purbayanti, Dwi; Sartika, Fera; Agus, Agus
PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Vol 3 No 1 (2018): PengabdianMu: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat
Publisher : ?Institute for Researches and Community Services Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (394.044 KB) | DOI: 10.33084/pengabdianmu.v3i1.31

Abstract

Severe dengue or Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) occurrence in Palangka Raya frequently becomes epidemic. The morbidity rate (incidence rate) of DHF cases in Central Kalimantan in 2016 reached 69.1 per 100,000 population with the mortality rate (fatality rate) of 1.4%. The morbidity rate reached 278.4 per 100,000 population in Palangka Raya, the second place after North Barito regency. Based on the Ministry of Health Republic of Indonesia’s Strategic Planning (Renstra), targets for dengue fever in 2016 should be <49 per 100,000 population, Central Kalimantan Province has not achieved the target yet. The Central Kalimantan Provincial Health Office reported the epidemy of DHF in 2017 occurred in the working area of Menteng Community Health Center. The report found a case that all family members of a household suffered from DHF. This community service aimed to educate the community to survey of dengue larvae independently, to develop the community’s knowledge and awareness about the importance of support from larvae monitoring speculator Juru Pemantau Jentik (also briefly known as Jumantik) and to increase community participation in DHF prevention movement in Palangka Raya. The method of this community service used site survey, observation, interview, larva examination and reporting of results. The survey activity of larvae showed that Aedes aegypti mosquito larvae were identified in 13.3% of the houses, mostly found in bathtubs, water shelters and water container of water dispensers.
Respon Inflamasi Pada Perokok Pasif Di Kecamatan Pahandut Kota Palangka Raya Ditinjau Dari Jumlah Leukosit Dan Jenis Leukosit ardina, rinny
THE JOURNAL OF MUHAMMADIYAH MEDICAL LABORATORY TECHNOLOGIST Vol 1, No 2 (2018): The Journal of Muhammadiyah Medical Laboratory Technologist
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (359.64 KB) | DOI: 10.30651/jmlt.v1i2.1495

Abstract

Proporsi perokok pasif di Indonesia mencapai 40,5 persen dan 78,4 persen perokok pasif banyak terpapar asap rokok di dalam rumah.Setiap hembusan asap rokok mengandung 1015 radikal bebas oksidatif dan nikotinpenyebab leukositosis di dalam darah sebagai bentuk respon inflamasi.Jenis leukosit penunjuk inflamasi akibat asap rokok diawali neutrofilia, neutropenia, limfositosis, limfopenia dan monositosis sebagai bentuk respon inflamasi. Analisis deskriptif dengan rancangan cross sectional digunakan untuk memberikan gambaran respon inflamasi ditinjau dari jumlah leukosit dan jenis leukosit pada perokok pasif yang tinggal di kecamatan Pahandut kota Palangka Raya. Sampel yang diperoleh sebanyak 30 orang diambil dengan teknik Purposive Sampling dimulai dengan observasi, pembagian lembar inform consent, wawancara, pengisian kuesioner, pengambilan sampel darah dan pemeriksaan laboratorium menggunakan hematology analyzer dan apusan darah tepi. Data yang diperoleh dimuat dalam bentuk tabel dan dianalisis dan dideskripsikan dalam bentuk persentase (%). Pada 5 orang (17%) terjadi leukositosis, 2 orang (6%) neutropenia, 1 orang (3%) neutrofilia, 1 orang (3%) limfopenia, dan 6 orang (20%) limfositosis. Leukositosis menunjukkan penanda adanya perubahan imun sistemik, dimana selanjutnya terjadi rekrutmen sel inflamasi diantaranya neutrofil dan limfosit. Radikal bebas dan nikotin memicu inflamasi ditandai dengan neutrofilia dengan limfopenia relatif pada awal inflamasi dan selanjutnya berkembang menjadi limfositosis dengan neutropenia relatif.Proportion of passive smokers in Indonesia reached 40,5% and 78,4% of them were exposure of cigarette smoke in the house. Each puff of cigarette smoke contains 1015 of oxidative free radicals and nicotine that causes leukocytosis in the blood where it found as an inflammatory response. Either free radicals or nicotine can also cause of neutrophilia, neutropenia, lymphocytosis, lymphopenia, and monocytosis. This study aimed to overview of the inflammatory response in terms of white blood cell count and differential counting of leukocytes in passive smokers (housewives) who live in the district of Pahandut, Palangka Raya. Descriptive analysis with cross sectional design was used in this study. Samples obtained by 30 people were taken with Purposive Sampling technique. Procedure of collecting data starts from observation, distribution of informed consent, interview, answered of questionnaire, blood sampling and laboratory examination using hematology analyzer for measured of white blood cell count and peripheral blood smear for measured of differential counting of leukocytes. The data obtained were analyzed and described in percentage (%). This study found 5 people (17%) of leukocytosis, 2 people (6%) of neutropenia, 1 person (3%) of neutrophilia, 1 person (3%) of lymphopenia, and 6 people (20%) of lymphocytosis. Leukocytosis occurs because of the mechanism of leukocytes recruitment into inflammatory tissues and the types of leukocyte that increased are neutrophils and lymphocytes. Free radicals and nicotine play a major role in triggering inflammation. Acute inflammation cause of exposure of cigarette smoke characterized by neutrophilia and relative lymphopenia in the blood and it will be develop into chronic inflammation that characterized by lymphocytosis and relative neutropenia.
Morfologi Eosinofil Pada Apusan Darah Tepi Menggunakan Pewarnaan Giemsa, Wright, dan Kombinasi Wright-Giemsa Ardina, Rinny; Rosalinda, Sherly
Jurnal Surya Medika (JSM) Vol 3 No 2 (2018): Jurnal Surya Medika
Publisher : Institute for Research and Community Services Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (306.623 KB) | DOI: 10.33084/jsm.v3i2.91

Abstract

Pemeriksaan apusan darah tepi mampu menilai morfologi sel (eritrosit, leukosit, trombosit), menentukan jumlah dan jenis leukosit, mengestimasi jumlah trombosit dan mengidentifikasi adanya parasit. Pewarnaan Romanowsky adalah pewarnaan yang sering digunakan dan di Indonesia untuk mewarnai preparat apusan darah tepi digunakan pewarnaan Giemsa dan terkadang Wright atau kombinasi Wright-Giemsa. Dalam menilai kualitas apusan darah tepi digunakan penilaian terhadap morfologi eosinofil, karena eosinofil memiliki ciri yang khas, jumlahnya cukup banyak dan mudah diamati. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menggambarkan morfologi eosinofil pada apusan darah tepi dengan menggunakan pewarnaan Giemsa, Wright, dan kombinasi Wright-Giemsa. Dilakukan penelitian deskritif kualitatif dengan rancangan penelitian seran lintang (cross sectional study) pada 30 sampel yang diambil dengan teknik Simple Random Sampling. Sampel darah diwarnai dengan Giemsa, Wright, dan kombinasi Wright-Giemsa. Gambaran morfologi eosinofil dengan pewarnaan Giemsa menunjukkan inti sel berwarna biru keunguan dan granula tampak cukup jelas terlihat berwarna merah muda, dan apusan lebih tahan lama setelah disimpan. Pada pewarnaan Wright menunjukan inti sel dan granula tampak lebih jelas terlihat kemerahan dengan warna yang lebih menonjol dibandingkan dengan pewarnaan Giemsa namun kekurangan pewarna Wright yaitu tidak tahan lama dalam iklim tropis. Pada apusan dengan pewarnaan kombinasi Wright-Giemsa terdapat kelebihan dari setiap zat warna dimana granula, plasma dan inti lebih jelas terlihat dan pewarnaan lebih tahan lama disimpan. Namun, perlu diperhatikan juga tujuan dari pembuatan preparat apusan darah tepi, karena apabila ingin menentukan ada/tidaknya parasit akan lebih baik menggunakan pewarnaan Giemsa, sedangkan apabila ingin melihat morfologi basofil akan lebih baik menggunakan pewarnaan Wright.Kata Kunci: Eosinofil, Apusan Darah Tepi, Giemsa, Wright, Kombinasi Wright-Giemsa.
Profil Kadar Hemoglobin dan Indeks Eritrosit pada Perokok Aktif di Kelurahan Tanjung Pinang Kota Palangka Raya Ardina, Rinny; Monica, Vira Anisa
Jurnal Surya Medika (JSM) Vol 4 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Surya Medika
Publisher : Institute for Research and Community Services Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (609.165 KB) | DOI: 10.33084/jsm.v4i1.351

Abstract

Active smokers are people who are smoking continuously. The population of active smokers in Central Kalimantan was 26,5% in 2013. Cigarettes contain many toxic and addictive chemicals. The presence of tar and free radicals from cigarette smoke can cause erythrocyte hemolysis. In addition, the content of cigarette smoke can also cause an increase in hemoglobin levels that mediated by exposure to Carbon monoxide (CO). CO binds avidly to hemoglobin to form carboxyhemoglobin (HbCO). This study aims to give a description of hemoglobin level and erythrocyte indices in active smokers in Kelurahan Tanjung Pinang, Palangka Raya. The descriptive observational method with the cross-sectional design was used in this study. The sample obtained by 28 people with purposive sampling technique with criteria such as active smokers, men, working as farmers, laborers or fish farmers and not alcoholic. Examination of hemoglobin level and erythrocytes indices was done by a hematology analyzer. The result showed that 4 people (14,2%) had low hemoglobin level and 4 people (85,7%) was normal. Based on erythrocytes indices, 2 people (7,1%) with hypochromic microcytic anemia (low MCV, low MCH, and normal MCHC) and also low hemoglobin level. While 26 people (92,8%) had normal erythrocyte indices.
Trombositosis: Faktor Risiko Peningkatan Penyempitan Pembuluh Darah pada Petani, Buruh dan Penambak Ikan yang Merupakan Perokok Aktif di Kelurahan Tanjung Pinang Kota Palangka Raya Ardina, Rinny
Jurnal Surya Medika (JSM) Vol 4 No 2 (2019): Jurnal Surya Medika (JSM)
Publisher : Institute for Research and Community Services Universitas Muhammadiyah Palangkaraya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (588.433 KB) | DOI: 10.33084/jsm.v4i2.605

Abstract

Active smokers are people who are smoking continuously. The population of active smokers in Central Kalimantan was 26,5% in 2013. The farmer, fish farmer, and laborer had a large proportion (44.5%) as an active smoker than another job that reported according to types of jobs. Cigarettes contain many toxic and addictive chemicals. Majority of active smokers that was living in Kelurahan Tanjung Pinang Kota Palangka Raya, especially who live in Jl. Bengaris works as a farmer, fish farmer, or laborer. Active smokers have a high risk of suffering from heart disease. Cigarette compound that harmful can cause endothelial tissue dysfunction in heart blood vessels and following by thrombus formation that due to increased platelet counts and platelet aggregation. This study aimed to describe of platelet count in active smokers in Jl. Bengaris Kelurahan Tanjung Pinang, Palangka Raya. The descriptive observational method was used in this study. The sample obtained by 48 people with purposive sampling technique with criteria such as active smokers, men, working as farmers, fish farmers, or laborers, no history of the disease, and willing to be respondent. Examination of platelet count was done by hematology analyzer. The average of respondents aged 20-30 years (35.4%) and 31-40 years (31.2%), worked as farmers (43.7%) and laborers (41.7%), duration of smoking were 1-10 year (37.5%), consumption of smoking was 11-20 cigarettes / day (41.7%), and rest periods were > 6 hours / day (64.6%). There was one person of the active smoker with a high platelet count (2.1%) and normal platelet count of 47 people (97.9%).