Thaha, Abdul Rahim
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EFFECT OF IMMERSION TIME OF SHALLOT EXTRACT AND ATONICON SEED GERMINATION OF SHALLOT bahrudin, bahrudin; Ansar, Muhammad; Thaha, Abdul Rahim
AGROLAND: The Agricultural Sciences Journal Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Tadulako University

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Abstract

The need for raw materials of fried onions derived from 'lembah palu Shallot tubers variety  is high enough and can not be fulfilled, because the productivity is still low. This study aimed  to find the type of  plant growth regulator substances (PGR) with a long period of proper immersion to improve the germination of Shallot tuber. The research was conducted on Mei until June 2017 in Bulupontou Village,  Sigi Regency. The study used two factorial Randomized Block Design (RBD). First factor of type RGS: (Z1) onion extract 100 g/l water, and (Z2) atonic 5 ml/l water. The second factor was long seed immersion in PGR: (T1)=30 min; (T2)=60 minutes; (T3)=90 minutes, and (T4)=120 minutes. Each treatment was represented 20 plants and repeated 3 times, so it was used 480 plants. The results showed that (i) red onion tubers soaked with Shallot extract 100 g/liter of water for 30-90 minutes yielded 100% Germinations, and tubers soaked in red onion extract for 30 minutes resulted in germination rate 31.3%/etmal, (ii) the type of growth regulator of shallot extract and atonic (PGR) effect was  not significant on the germination of shallot; and (iii) the 30 minute long growth regulator immersion produced the highest hypothetical vigor index.
ORGANIC FERTILIZERS ARE EFFECTIVE IN INCREASING GROWTH AND PRODUCTIVITY OF SHALLOT LEMBAH PALU VARIETIES bahrudin, bahrudin; Ansar, Muhammad; Thaha, Abdul Rahim
AGROLAND: The Agricultural Sciences Journal Vol 6, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Tadulako University

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Abstract

Shallot 'lembah palu' variety is the main raw material for fried onion industry in Central Sulawesi. This study aims to examine the LEISA technology package through the use of liquid and solid organic fertilizers from agricultural waste in order to obtain the quality of shallot bulbs that are good as raw material for fried onions. Research using Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) was repeated 4 (four) times. Treatment consists of: (A)= without organic fertilizer; (B)= liquid organic fertilizer (Biourin 40 mL/L of water); (C)= solid organic fertilizer (bokashi goat manure 20 ton/ha); (D)= solid organic fertilizer (bokashi goat manure 10 ton/ha) + liquid organic fertilizer (Biourin 20 mL/L of water); (E) = solid organic fertilizer (bokashi goat manure 20 ton/ha) + liquid organic fertilizer (Biourin 40 mL/L of water); (F)= solid organic fertilizer (20 ton/ha bokashi mixture of goat manure and shallot residues); (G)= solid organic fertilizer 20 ton/ha bokashi mixture of goat manure and shallot residues)+liquid organic fertilizer (Biourin 30 mL/L of water); (H)= solid organic 10 ton/ha bokashi mixture of goat manure and shallot residues)+liquid organic fertilizer (Biourin 60 mL/L of water; and (I)= solid organic fertilizer 30 ton/ha bokashi mixture of goat manure and shallot residues)+ liquid organic fertilizer (Biourin 60 mL/L of water). The results of the study were (i) the combination of types and doses of organic fertilizer in general resulted in higher growth and yield of shallots compared to without organic fertilizers, and (ii) a combination of solid organic fertilizer (mixture 20 ton/ha bokashi goat manure and shallot residue), produce number of  leaves, leaf dry weight, fresh weight per tuber, and fresh weight of tuber per hectare higher than without organic fertilizer.