Waliyanti, Ema
Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan FKIK UMY

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THE FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE THE IMPLEMENTATION OF SMOKE FREE CAMPUS POLICY IN UNIVERSITY OF MUHAMMADIYAH YOGYAKARTA Waliyanti, Ema; Sandika, Yudan Hari
IJNP (Indonesian Journal of Nursing Practices) Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Muhammadiyah Journal of Nursing
Publisher : IJNP (Indonesian Journal of Nursing Practices)

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Abstract

Smoking is one of the problems in society today that difficult to resolve. There are 6 million deaths each year are caused by smoking. The number of smokers in Indonesia continues to grow, which is dominated by the age of 15 years and above. To overcome these problems the government issued a policy  banning  smoking in the learning process. Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta (UMY) was one of the places that already have implemented smoke-free campus since 2011, but until now there is smoke in campus. This study was to determine the factors that affect the implementation Kawasan Bersih Bebas Asap Rokok (KBBR) in UMY.This study was a qualitative research with phenomenological approach. The data were taken using the method discussion focus groups, depth interviews and observation. Participants in this study were determined by purposive sampling counted 20 participants consisting of students and campus employees in UMY. The validity of the data in this study was done by using triangulation, triangulation methods and peer debriefing. Data analysis was performed with the help of software open code version 4.2. These results indicate that the factors that affect the implementation KBBR in UMY was knowledge of KBBR, attitudes toward KBBR, lack of socialization and prohibition signs of KBBR, the absence of strict sanctions against violators KBBR and environmental influences. This shows that UMY needs to improve socialization and give strict punishment for violation of KBBR.Keywords: Factors, KBBR, UMY
Perilaku Cyberbullying Dengan Media Instagram Pada Remaja Di Yogyakarta Fitransyah, Retha Rizky; Waliyanti, Ema
IJNP (Indonesian Journal of Nursing Practices) Vol 2, No 1 (2018): Indonesian Journal Of Nursing Practices
Publisher : IJNP (Indonesian Journal of Nursing Practices)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18196/ijnp.2177

Abstract

Adolescents cyberbullying behavior on social media has become one of unresolved problems. Factors that influence adolescents in cyberbullying includes high use of social media, low empathy, and experience of being bully victims. This situation can give a negative impact to victims psychological. This research use a qualitative method of the phenomenology approach. The data retrieval is done by deep interviews and observations through the social media Instagram informants. The informant in this research amount 5 students consisting of senior high school and junior high school in Yogyakarta determined by purposive sampling. The validity of data is done by using triangulation methods and peer debriefing. The data analysis researchers using open code software 4.03.        The results of research through observation on social media Instagram showed the types of cyberbullying carried out by adolescents in Yogyakarta such as : 1). Make rude comments, 2). Update instastory, 3).Upload photos, and 4). Comment on photos. In addition, the results of the research through deep interviews showed that the behavior of adolescent cyberbullying was influenced by several factors such as 1). The intensity of social media use, 2). The ability of empathetic actors, and 3). Character of the victim. Cyberbullying behavior in adolescents such as uploading photos, rude comments, updating instastories, and commenting on photos by using harsh words has a negative impact on both perpetrators and victims so they need more attention from schools and parents. Based on the results of the research, it can be suggested for the future researchers to be able to intervene through health promotion on social media related to cyberbullying behavior so that there is no increase in cyberbullying on social media besides that parents can build effective communication and provide moral support so that teens avoid cyberbullying behavior.
Fenomena Perilaku Bullying pada Remaja di Yogyakarta Waliyanti, Ema; Kamilah, Farhah; Fitriansyah, Retha Rizky
Jurnal Ilmiah Keperawatan Indonesia (JIKI) Vol 2, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Ilmiah Keperawatan Indonesia (JIKI)
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmiah Keperawatan Indonesia (JIKI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31000/jiki.v2i1.831

Abstract

Latar Belakang: Perilaku bullying yang dilakukan oleh remaja di Indonesia masih menjadisalah satu masalah yang belum teratasi. Tingginya angka kejadian bullying pada remaja memberikan dampak negatif bagi remaja seperti gangguan konsentrasi belajar, penurunan prestasi akademik, harga diri rendah, depresi, bahkan sampai keinginan remaja untuk bunuh diri.Tujuan Penelitian: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi perilaku bullying pada remaja di Yogyakarta.Metodologi: Penelitianan ini menggunakan metode kualitatif pendekatan fenomenologi. Pengambilan data dilakukan dengan wawancara mendalam dan observasi. Partisipan dalam penelitian berjumalah 14 orang yang terdiri dari orang tua, remaja, dan guru yang ditentukan dengan purposive sampling. Keabsahan data dilakukan menggunakan triangulasi metode, sumber, dan peer debriefing. Analisis data menggunakan open code 4.02.Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ada beberapa jenis bullying yang dilakukan remaja di Yogyakarta diantaranya bullying verbal seperti mengejek dan memberikan julukan tidak baik kepada teman. Bullying fisik seperti memukul, menendang, menjambak dan mencubit, kemudian ada juga bullying relasional seperti mengucilkan, mengintimidasi, dan mempermalukan teman di sekolah, serta cyberbullying seperti berkomentar kasar pada media sosial, mengupload foto, dan mengupdate instastory. Perilaku bullying pada remaja tersebut dipengaruhi oleh beberapa faktor seperti ajakan teman, keadaan lingkungan di sekitar remaja, riwayat bullying, pengaruh media elektronik dan karakter sasaran serta pelaku bullying.Kesimpulan: Perilaku bullying pada remaja memberikan dampak negatif baik pada pelaku maupun korbannya sehingga membutuhkan perhatian lebih baik bagi pemerintah, sekolah maupun orang tua. Dalam penelitian ini menemukan berbagai faktor yang mempengaruhi perilaku bullying pada remaja, namun belum bisa mengetahui faktor apa yang paling dominan sehingga diperlukan penelitian dengan menggunakan metode lain untuk mengindentifikasi hal tersebut.Kata Kunci: Perilaku Bullying, Remaja, Yogyakarta