GUSTINI, GUSTINI
Jurnal Sains Mahasiswa Pertanian

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Description of nausea vomiting and anorexia in cancer patients pasca chemotherapy at RSUP Makassar gustini, Gustini; Sukartini, Tintin; Krisnana, Ilya
Jurnal Penelitian Kesehatan SUARA FORIKES Vol 10, No 3 (2019): Juli 2019
Publisher : FORIKES

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33846/sf.v10i3.493

Abstract

Introduction: Nausea vomiting is the most common effect felt by cancer patients after chemotherapy. One of the causes of patients not achieving chemotherapy is the effect of chemotherapy namely nausea and vomiting. In general the prevalence of 70-80% of patients receiving chemotherapy experiences nausea and vomiting. Nausea vomiting in patients after chemotherapy can be debilitating and can cause delays in the administration of chemotherapy can also lead to dehydration, electrolyte imbalance, weight loss, anorexia. Some studies show that post-chemotherapy cancer patients experience nausea vomiting and anorexia, in RSUP Dr. Wahidin Sudirohusodo also found difficulties with nausea vomiting and anorexia. Aims: To the study was to prevent vomiting of nausea and anorexia in cancer patients after chemotherapy. Methods: 60 post-chemotherapy cancer patients who experienced nausea vomiting and anorexia were included in a cross-sectional study. The selected subject fulfills the criteria. Study inclusion: Patients diagnosed with cancer in the Lontara 2 Chemotherapy Room. Patients who have received chemotherapy, adjuvant chemotherapy and additional chemotherapy, are ≥ 21 years old. Nausea and vomiting were measured using the INVR questionnaire and anorexia using a history of anorexia questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis. Results: based on the characteristics of respondents nausea and anorexia vomiting distributed 41-50 years, female sex, secondary school education, working as a housewife, cycles 1-4 times. Conclusion: Cancer patients after chemotherapy experience vomiting of nausea and anorexia. Nausea vomiting is caused by the effects of chemotherapy drugs which stimulate the digestive system, causing moderate and severe nausea and anorexia.