Ernita, Yuni
Study Program of Agricultural Industry Technology (Science of agricultural) Postgraduate Program of University Andalas

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ANALISIS NILAI TAMBAH DAN KELAYAKAN FINANSIAL INDUSTRI MINYAK SERAI WANGI Ernita, Yuni; Novita, Sri Aulia; Jamaluddin, Jamaluddin; Laksmana, Indra; Rildiwan, Rildiwan
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Terapan Pertanian Vol 3 No 1 (2019): Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology
Publisher : Payakumbuh State Polytechnic of Agriculture

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32530/jaast.v3i1.79

Abstract

Kelompok Tani Minyak Serai Wangi Berkat Yakin merupakan kelompok tani penggerak diDesa Balai Batu Sandaran yang mengelola industri penyulingan minyak serai wangi. Pengolahan serai wangi harus memperhatikan aspek efisiensi dan efektifitas agar mampu memberikan keuntungan yang maksimal dan meningkatkan nilai tambah pada serai wangi. Tujuan penelitian adalah menentukan nilai tambah dan kelayakan finansial usaha minyak serai wangi pada Industri Minyak Serai Wangi Berkat Yakin Desa Balai Batu Sandaran. Analisis data dilakukan dengan Metode Hayami dan parameter kuantitatif dalam analisis kelayakan finansial ditunjukkan oleh indikator seperti: Benefit Cost Ratio (B/C),Internal Rate of Return (IRR), Net Present Value (NPV) dan Payback Periods (PBP). Hasil analisis nilai tambah yang diperoleh dari hasil pengolahan serai wangi dengan bahan baku 25.000kg menjadi minyak serai wangi sebanyak 400 kg adalah Rp.3.080/kg. Sedangkan rasio nilai tambah produk minyak serai wangi adalah sebesar 84%, artinya 84% dari nilai output (produk minyak serai wangi) merupakan nilai tambah yang diperoleh dari proses pengolahan serai wangi menjadi minyak serai wangi. Hasil perhitungan analisis kelayakan finansial industri minyak serai wangi didapatkan NPV Rp. 1.635.698.925,-  IRR 37,60%,B/C Ratio 1,45, dan PBP adalah 3 tahun 6,5 bulan. Ditinjau dari aspek ekonomi, usaha produksi minyak serai wangi dapat dikatakan layak dan menguntungkan.
PENGEMBANGAN ALAT PRODUKSI BIOETANOL LIMBAH KULIT UBI KAYU Ernita, Yuni; Zola, Prima
Jurnal Teknologi Pertanian Andalas Vol 20, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jtpa.20.2.19-24.2016

Abstract

The use of fossil fuels in Indonesia reached a high figure. On the other hand, the use of fossil fuels is not wise will result in global warming and climate change. Bioethanol is a source of renewable energy that can be (re-newable) with exhaust emissions of environmental friendly (eco-friendly). The raw material for bioethanol production is material sugary, starchy and fibrous. The purpose of research is to develop bioethanol production tools are appropriate and focus on the development of distillation equipment and conduct a performance test tool with leather waste materials which contain fiber cassava. Development of distillation equipment starting from the structural design is a design that reveals how the bioethanol distillation apparatus is composed of components that are built, the next is the functional design is a design that provides information about the function of components - tool components. The next stage is the process of making the main components and supporting components, followed by the assembly, finishing and testing equipment. The results of this research have been developed bioethanol distillation apparatus with the following specifications: Tank diameter 40 cm, height 60 cm tank, made of stainless steel with a thickness of 2 mm. Tank capacity of 40 liter.Dari trial results on skin distillation process results showed that the yield of cassava peel cassava ethanol produced was 10.3% at the distillation temperature and time 71ᵒC distillation for 5 hours, the ethanol distilled purity level is 63.4%, and 2.36 tool work capacity liters / hour.