Dahnilsyah, Dahnilsyah
International Journal of Educational Best Practices

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Journal : International Journal of Educational Best Practices

The Implied Power through the Use of Personal Pronouns in Obama’s Speeches: Critical Discourse Analysis Dahnilsyah, Dahnilsyah
International Journal of Educational Best Practices Vol 1, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Education Administration Study Program, School of Postgraduate Studies, Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31258/ijebp.v1n2.p59-71

Abstract

This is a qualitative study with descriptive data presentation. It is aimed at investigating the tendency of abuse of power in exploiting personal pronouns of Obama’s political speeches.The employed grand theory in this study is social cognition theory introduced by Teun, A. Vandijk. There are three aspects that need to be empowered: textual, social cognition and social context in disclosing the implied meanings of the use of personal pronouns in Obama’s political speeches.The data of this study were gathered by means of speech transcript collections of Obama’s speeches: 2010, 2011 and 2014 concerning terrorism issues. These transcripts obtained from online media which had been spread worldwide. The objective of this study is to describe which personal pronouns frequently exploited by Obama in his political speeches and discover the hidden meanings of the adopted personal pronouns.The findings demonstrate that: (1) Obama, tends to use personal pronouns ‘we' and ‘our', (2) Obama seems to have been selective in exploiting personal pronouns by referring to both certain contexts and situations before and after the speech was delivered, (3) The features of Obama's speeches are rhetorical, persuasive and manipulative. In terms of cognition and social context, these speeches indicate that intelligence, personal and social experiences do influence towards the emergence of a discourse. The implicitly conditioned and engineered dominance and hegemony are not considered as a force or coercion. Rather, it is thought as a common and justified when being exposed frequently.
THE PERSPECTIVES OF LOCAL WISDOM IN CONSERVATION AND BIODIVERSITY MANAGEMENT OF FISH SPECIES AT RANGAU RIVER, RIAU PROVINCE, INDONESIA YUSTINA, YUSTINA; Darmadi, Darmadi; IRIANTI, MITRI; DAHNILSYAH, DAHNILSYAH
International Journal of Educational Best Practices Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Education Administration Study Program, School of Postgraduate Studies, Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31258/ijebp.v2n2.p48-54

Abstract

Abstract. This descriptive research was conducted at Rantau Kopar village, Rokan Hilir District from January to June 2017. The reason for this study is due to the drastic declining of biodiversity of fish species at Rangau river despite the existence the local wisdom to protect the watershed in the area. It is aimed to discover the perspectives local wisdom in preventing the decreasing of fish biodiversity at Rangau river. The employed sampling technique was snowball technic sampling which involved 30 respondents. The primary data were obtained using observation and interview; the secondary data (documents). Data consist of community composition, livelihood, community participation in preserving the local wisdom, the synergy between the local wisdom and the policies of the local administration. The data were computed in percentage and were analyzed descriptively. The findings demonstrated that the local wisdom was compiled by the local community whose livelihood as fishermen. Conversely, in 2017, the local people did not comply with both sanction and the local customary law, there had been careless exploitation of the water across the watershed to be oil palm plantation area and the increasing number of oil palm farmers. This study concludes that the main threat facing the local wisdom is that the policies of local administration are not synergic with the local wisdom as stipulated in the regulations and conservation of the area across the watershed of Rangau. The implication of this study is used for the supplementary materials for the bioetnomalay subject in the Indonesian education