Savitri, Endang
Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Teknologi Pengelolaan DAS

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ANALISIS BANJIR CIMANUK HULU 2016 (Upper Cimanuk flood analysis of 2016) Savitri, Endang; Pramono, Irfan Budi
Jurnal Penelitian Pengelolaan Daerah Aliran Sungai Vol 1, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Penelitian Pengelolaan Daerah Aliran Sungai
Publisher : Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Teknologi Pengelolaan DAS

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (906.081 KB) | DOI: 10.20886/jppdas.2017.1.2.97-110

Abstract

The causes of floods can vary, but they are rarely caused by only one factor. The purpose of this research is to find the cause of flood that hit Garut City on 20 September 2016. The method used is flood water supply analysis and flooded area analysis which is developed by WMTC Solo. The results showed that the water supply in the Upper Cimanuk watershed was very high due to high rainfall the day before (110 to 255 mm /day), high antecedent soil moisture (35 to 44 mm), very vurnerable (52%) land condition on Upper Cimanuk watershed due to land use that was not in accordance with its ability and forest area which only 17.9% of the watershed area. Based on the analysis of flooded areas, which was flat area around the river were identified as prone areas to flood such as Garut, South Tarogong and Cilawu. The flood potential in the Upper Cimanuk watershed can be reduced by changing the land use pattern on the very sloping land from vegetable farming to agroforestry, reforestation, and applying soil conservation practices. For flooded areas the reduction of flooding can be conducted by increasing the drainage channel, building infiltration wells and dykes along the river and managing the riparian.
IDENTIFIKASI DAN MITIGASI KERENTANAN KEKERINGAN DAS MOYO (Identification and mitigation of drought vulnerability in Moyo Watershed) Savitri, Endang; Pramono, Irfan Budi
Jurnal Penelitian Pengelolaan Daerah Aliran Sungai Vol 2, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Penelitian Pengelolaan Daerah Aliran Sungai
Publisher : Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Teknologi Pengelolaan DAS

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1235.724 KB) | DOI: 10.20886/jppdas.2018.2.2.173-187

Abstract

Drought identification is needed as a baseline for its mitigation. Several drought identification methods are available, but they need to be tested in dry climates. The purpose of this study was to identify dry area and its mitigation in Moyo Watershed, West Nusa Tenggara Province. Paimin and Syarif methods were used in the study. The results showed that the Paimin method produced a uniform vulnerability map, which was "medium vulnerable" for the entire watershed. This is because the applied parameters only have one class for the entire watershed. The Syarif method provides more variable results because the parameters produce several classes of vulnerabilities. However, the later method has a weakness in applying the depth of groundwater.  Moyo watershed only had one class, whereas the depth of the groundwater level varied from 4 to 11 m in the dry season. The two methods produced the same results and there were classified as “medium susceptible” for Moyo watershed. For dry areas, it is necessary to reclassify the drought class of each parameter. By combining the two methods above, it is expected to obtain more accurate results. To get the Water Use Index parameter efficiently, the number of population and water usage should be more efficient. Extentions to the community about the effectively water usage is important. Adaptation to drought can also be done by making reservoirs and setting cropping patterns.