Nurdianto, Saifuddin Alif
Fakulta Ushuluddin dan Humaniora Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang, Indonesia

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KAJIAN POSKOLONIAL GERAKAN PEMIKIRAN DAN SIKAP ULAMA PESANTREN TEGALSARI DALAM PUSARAN KONFLIK MULTIDIMENSIONAL DI JAWA (1742-1862) Nurdianto, Saifuddin Alif; Joebagio, Hermanu; Djono, Djono
Jurnal THEOLOGIA Vol 29, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Fakulta Ushuluddin dan Humaniora Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21580/teo.2018.29.1.2434

Abstract

Abstract: Pesantren Tegalsari was one of the most influential religious-education institutions in Java during 18-19 century. Those years were the golden era of Pesantren Tegalsari which was known as an institution that produced “pujangga” (Javanese intellectuals) and the people of Tegalsari village was well known for producing high quality of dluwang (traditional paper). On the other hand, the 18-19 century itself was a time of turmoil, both socially and politically. Some events such as Geger Pacina (1742), Javanese Succession War III (1746–1755), Java War (1825-1830), and Cultuurstelsel (1830–1917) were crucial moments in the history of Indonesia, especially in Java. At this point, the ulema (Islamic scholars) of Pesantren Tegalsari played an important role. Thought and attitude movements of ulema (Islamic scholars) in Pesantren Tegalsari had determined the existence of the pesantren and the economic cycle of local commmunity. Historical research with post-colonial political approach was used to study the thought and attitude movement of ulama (Islamic scholars) in Pesantren Tegalsari during 1742–1862. The result of this research shows that Pesantren Tegalsari had a political line to not engage in practical politics. This political line was followed by all the leaders of Pesantren Tegalsari. As the result, Pesantren Tegalsari developed into an institution that produced poets and transformed into a place to seek legitimacy in social, academic, and politic.Abstrak: Pesantren Tegalsari merupakan salah satu lembaga pendidikan-keagamaan yang paling berpengaruh di Jawa abad 18-19. Tahun-tahun tersebut merupakan masa keemasan dari Pesantren Tegalsari yang dikenal sebagai lembaga pencetak pujangga (intelektual Jawa). Bagi masyarakat Desa Tegalsari sendiri, tahun-tahun itu adalah masa perekonomian yang dikembangkan sedang mengalami pertumbuhan yang pesat. Desa Tegalsari terkenal sebagai daerah penghasil dluwang (kertas tradisional) berkualitas tinggi yang diekspor ke berbagai daerah. Di sisi yang lain, abad 18-19 sendiri merupakan masa yang penuh dengan gejolak, baik secara sosial maupun politik. Beberapa peristiwa seperti geger pacina (1742), Perang Suksesi Jawa III (1746-1755), Perang Jawa (1825-1830), dan kebijakan tanam paksa (1830-1917) merupakan momen-momen krusial dalam perjalanan sejarah Indonesia, khususnya di pulau Jawa. Pada titik inilah ulama Pesantren Tegalsari, sebagai salah satu pimpinan lembaga pendidikan-keagamaan paling berpengaruh di Jawa abad 18-19 sekaligus tokoh panutan bagi masyarakat sekitar, memiliki peranan penting. Gerakan pemikiran dan sikap dari ulama Pesantren Tegalsari menjadi sangat menentukan eksistensi pesantren dan perputaran roda perekonomian masyarakat sekitar. Penelitian historis dengan pendekatan politik-poskolonial akan digunakan untuk mengkaji gerakan pemikiran dan sikap ulama Pesantren Tegalsari tahun 1742-1862. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Pesantren Tegalsari memiliki garis politik untuk tidak terjun dalam politik praktis. Garis politik inilah yang diikuti oleh semua pimpinan Pesantren Tegalsari. Hasilnya adalah, Pesantren Tegalsari berkembang menjadi lembaga pencetak pujangga dan menjelma sebagai tempat untuk men­cari legitimasi, baik secara sosial, akademik, maupun politik
K. H. IMAM ZARKASYI Nurdianto, Saifuddin Alif
Jantra Vol 12 No 2 (2017): Peran Tokoh Masyarakat dalam Pembangunan Karakter
Publisher : Balai Pelestarian Nilai Budaya Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Using historical approach, this research investigates the modernization of pesantren (Islamic boarding school) executed by K.H. Imam Zarkasyi who was one of the pioneers of modernization of pesantren in Indonesia. He has introduced a new pesantren education system called Kulliyyatul Mu'allimin Al-Islamiyyah (a six-year secondary level of education - equal to junior high school and senior high school). The modernization system includes the curriculum that covers both traditional Islamic educational andthe secular educational materials.
PONOROGO Nurdianto, Saifuddin Alif
Jantra Vol 13 No 1 (2018): Menggali Identitas Daerah Melalui Asal Usul Nama Tempat
Publisher : Balai Pelestarian Nilai Budaya Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Ponorogo was previously called Wengker. Ponorogo is one of the Indonesia’s cultural icons with its Reog and is famous as the city of santri (students of Islamic boarding schools), has a dark past. The name of Ponorogo was coined by Bathara Katong in 1496 as a manifestation of his preachings. It was also the sign of the end of the old order, which was full of negative stigma, and the beginning of the better new order. Using philosophical and ethnosemantic approaches, this qualitative research examined the underlying reasons why Bathara Katong changed the name Wengker into Ponorogo. The new name contains philosophical meaning, that is, Ponorogo endeavours to become dynamic and creative civil society which upholds the values of civilization.