Hastami, Yunia
Departemen Anatomi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Alternatif Metode Pembelajaran Anatomi Kedokteran Wiyono, Nanang; Hastami, Yunia
ANATOMICA MEDICAL JOURNAL | AMJ Vol 1, No 2 (2018): Anatomica Medical Journal
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara

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Abstract

Abstrak: Perubahan kurikulum pendidikan kedokteran dari metode konvensional ke pendekatan kurikulum berbasis kompetensi (KBK) berdampak pada pembelajaran anatomi baik dalam pengurangan alokasi waktu maupun model pembelajaran. Sampai sekarang belum ada keseragaman secara nasional dalam kurikulum materi dan model pembelajaran anatomi di Indonesia. Mata kuliah anatomi yang dahulu diberikan melalui kuliah dan praktikum diseksi atau proseksi dengan cadaver semakin menurun alokasi waktunya dalam sistem PBL ini. Selain itu juga tidak ada kurikulum nasional untuk pengajaran anatomi. Metode pembelajaranpun bervariasi pada masing-masing institusi. Makalah ini bertujuan untuk memberikan pandangan baru tentang berbagai metode mengajar anatomi yang dapat diterapkan pada mahasiswa S1 fakultas kedokteran di Indonesia yang menggunakan sistem KBK, yang telah dipraktekkan di beberapa fakultas kedokteran di berbagai negara. Penulisan naskah ini merupakan studi pustaka Seiring dengan diterapkannya pendidikan kedokteran berbasis kompetensi, pendidik dituntut untuk memperkaya model pembelajaran anatomi. Beberapa model pembelejaran dikembangkan antara lain: preparat plastinasi, “surface and living anatomy”, “radioimaging”, anatomi artificial dan virtual. Simpulan, anatomi merupakan mata kuliah dasar dan penting untuk mahasiswa kedokteran. Ada beberapa pendekatan yang dapat digunakan untuk mempelajari anatomi selain dengan cadaver, yakni spesimen plastinasi, surface and living anatomy, radioimaging, dan anatomi artificial dan virtual.Kata kunci: anatomi, plastinasi, living anatomy, radioimaging. Alternative Method in Medical Anatomy Learning Abstract: Anatomy is the basic science of medicine that must be given to medical students. The changes in the curriculum of medical education from the conventional method approach to competency-based curriculum (CBC) impact on learning anatomy in both the reduction of the allocation of time and learning model. Until now there has been no national uniformity in curriculum materials and teaching models anatomy in Indonesia and cadaver is still a major learning tool for medical students in Indonesia. This objective of this paper is to provide new insights about using alternative methods in teaching and learning anatomy that can be applied to undergraduate medical school students in Indonesian. Literature review. Some learning models developed include: plastinated specimen, surface and living anatomy, radioimaging,artificial and virtual anatomy. Conclusions, Anatomy is a basic and important course for medical students. We can use alternatif method in teachng anatomy,  i.e using plastination specimen, surface and living anatomy, radioimaging, artificial and virtual anatomy for medical anatomy educationKeywords: anatomy, plastination, living anatomy, radioimaging. 
DELPHI TECHNIQUE: CONSENSUS OF ANATOMY CIRCULATORY SYSTEM CORE SYLLABUS FOR MEDICAL STUDENT Munawaroh, Siti; Hanifa, Farhah Millata; Wiyono, Nanang; Hastami, Yunia; Kartikasari, Nur Dewi; Hermasari, Bulan Kakanita
Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education Vol 7, No 2 (2018): JULI
Publisher : Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (254.034 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpki.39101

Abstract

Background: Anatomy is a very important basic science in medical education. However, the advance of science and technology affected medical curriculum. One of the changes is the decreased time available for anatomy learning. Therefore, an anatomy lecturer needs to sort and choose from many existing anatomical materials to adjust with time allocation. The purpose of this study is to gain consensus on what minimum anatomical knowledge is for a physician candidate in order to practice safely. Method: This study was design in qualitative approach with two round Delphi Technique. Using purposive sampling method, the subjects of the study were 20 general-physicians in Indonesia. The questionnare was arranged based on anatomy text book and the research about anatomic core syllabus. The firts Delphi aimed to select the anatomical course material and additional course material. The second Delphi round intended to provide level range from 1-4. The consensus level established by researcher at 60% point.Results: There is not any additional topics in the first Delphi round. So the number of first and second round topics is 270 topics. The Delphi second round agree that anatomic core syllabus of circulation system is 110 of 270 topics. There are 30 topics of cor, 3 topics of pericardium, 10 topics of mediastinum, 37 topics of artery, 9 topics of vena, 9 topics of lymphathic system, 4 topics of postnatal circulation, 5 topics of prenatal circulation, and 3 topics of portal hepatic system.Conclusion: The anatomy core syllabus consists of 110 of the 270 anatomical circulatory system topics.