Fibiona, Indra
Diponegoro University

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Mardi Goena, Krida Beksa Wirama, and Harbiranda: Skilful Hand of KRT Jayadipura in Developing and Preserving the Javanese Culture, 1920s to 1930s Fibiona, Indra; Lestari, Siska Nurazizah
Indonesian Historical Studies Vol 1, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ihis.v1i2.1933

Abstract

Ethical politics proclaimed by the colonial Government especially in education has made a room for the society in colonial Territories to preserve their culture. In addition, the idea of restoring the Javanese culture as a noble culture is mainly raised by the educated Dutch-Javanese nationalists at the beginning of XX century. The condition then triggered the elite royal (keraton) as well as artists to compete in the restorations and refinements. One of the elite royals and keraton Yogyakarta artists with his skilful hand, KRT Jayadipura tried to restore and refine Javanese traditional art in order to return the noble value of Javanese culture. His contribution in traditional art flows through Mardi Goena, Krida Beksa Wirama, and Harbiranda. KRT Jayadipura KRT works enjoyed by both local and international public. Therefore, the Javanese culture especially the noble art can be widely known and raises the public awareness of Java to continue to preserve it.
RIVALITAS JAMU JAWA DAN OBAT TRADISIONAL CINA1 ABAD XIX - AWAL ABAD XX Fibiona, Indra; Lestari, Siska Nurazizah
Patrawidya: Seri Penerbitan Penelitian Sejarah dan Budaya Vol 16, No 4 (2015)
Publisher : Balai Pelestarian nilai budaya Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (118.84 KB)

Abstract

Jamu Jawa atau obat tradisional Jawa sebagai warisan budaya mengalami tekanan setelah obat tradisional Cina semakin populer di Hindia Belanda. Keduanya saling berkompetisi dalam dunia kesehatan di Hindia Belanda pada abad XIX dan XX.Rivalitas keduanya belum banyak dikaji, dan sangat menarik jika bisa diteliti lebih dalam. Tulisan ini merupakan penelitian kualitatif yang berasal dari penelitian kolektif mengenai Jamu yang digagas atas inisiatif bersama untuk melengkapi penelitian tentang jamu sebelumnya. Penelitian ini juga termasuk dalam penelitian sejarah sosial dengan analisis menggunakan metodologi sejarah sosial. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa Jamu Jawa (traditionele Javaanse geneeskunde) kurang memiliki daya saing dalam beberapa hal jika dibandingkan dengan Obat Tradisional Cina(Traditionele Chinese Geneeskunde). Kurangnya daya saing tersebut disebabkan oleh beberapa faktor, diantaranya sistem distribusi dan branding jamu yang belum bisa meraih pangsa pasar potensial.Jamu Jawa or Javanese traditional medicine as a heritage inherited under pressure after the traditional Chinese medicine are increasingly popular in the Dutch East Indies. Both of them competing in the world of health in the Dutch East Indies in the XIX and XX century. Rivalry of both has not been widely discussed, it's very interesting if it can be studied further. This paper is a qualitative research derived from collective research on herbs that was initiated on a joint initiative to complement previous research about traditional herbal medicine. The study also included in the study with an analysis of social history using the methodology of social history. The results showed that Jamu Jawa (Traditionele Javaanse Geneeskunde) lack of competitiveness in some respects when compared with Traditional Chinese medicine (Traditionele Chinese Geneeskunde). The lack of competitiveness caused by several factors, including the distribution system and Jamu's branding have not been able to gain potential market share.