Lestari, Siska Nurazizah
Diponegoro University

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The Dark Side of the Lasem Maritime Industry: Chinese Power in Opium Business in the XIX Century Lestari, Siska Nurazizah; Wiratama, Nara Setya
Journal of Maritime Studies and National Integration Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1831.157 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jmsni.v2i2.3858

Abstract

Some of the issues discussed in this article are the shipyard industry development at Lasem, and revealing the factors of Chinese traders conducted smuggling by sea. This study shows the dark side of the maritime industry found in Lasem mainly related to Chinese power in the opium business, XIX century. These problems analyzes with critical historical methods which consist of four stages, including a) heuristics, seeking and collecting historical sources, both primary and secondary sources; b) source criticism, the process carried out to test the authenticity and credibility of the source; c) interpretations, interpret and compile facts from one another; d) historiography, the process of rewriting historical events. According to the results, there was a concentration of Chinese residences during the colonial period. Lasem’s Chinese settlements (Chinatown) had rapid growth after the migration of Chinese and the Chinese massacre as known as Geger, Pecinan. To maintain its existence, the Chinese in Lasem initiated the opium business, developed in the nineteenth century by sea. The presence of the Lasem River also strengthened this finding, became the lifeblood of economic activity in the past. The Lasem River also connects the hinterland with the coastal area, so it has a negative impact mainly related to the smuggling of opium.
Mardi Goena, Krida Beksa Wirama, and Harbiranda: Skilful Hand of KRT Jayadipura in Developing and Preserving the Javanese Culture, 1920s to 1930s Fibiona, Indra; Lestari, Siska Nurazizah
Indonesian Historical Studies Vol 1, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/ihis.v1i2.1933

Abstract

Ethical politics proclaimed by the colonial Government especially in education has made a room for the society in colonial Territories to preserve their culture. In addition, the idea of restoring the Javanese culture as a noble culture is mainly raised by the educated Dutch-Javanese nationalists at the beginning of XX century. The condition then triggered the elite royal (keraton) as well as artists to compete in the restorations and refinements. One of the elite royals and keraton Yogyakarta artists with his skilful hand, KRT Jayadipura tried to restore and refine Javanese traditional art in order to return the noble value of Javanese culture. His contribution in traditional art flows through Mardi Goena, Krida Beksa Wirama, and Harbiranda. KRT Jayadipura KRT works enjoyed by both local and international public. Therefore, the Javanese culture especially the noble art can be widely known and raises the public awareness of Java to continue to preserve it.
DARI OPIUM HINGGA BATIK: LASEM DALAM “KUASA” TIONGHOA ABAD XIX-XX Lestari, Siska Nurazizah; Wiratama, Nara Setya
Patrawidya: Seri Penerbitan Penelitian Sejarah dan Budaya Vol 19, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Balai Pelestarian nilai budaya Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (396.211 KB)

Abstract

Dalam menghadapi kompetisi perdagangan dengan warga etnis Tionghoa, warga Belanda (vrijburgers) memang tidak dapat menandingi, sehingga timbul perasaan tidak senang. Hal itu membuat VOC menerapkan pembatasan-pembatasan terhadap warga etnis Tionghoa. Sementara itu, kepiawaian etnis Tionghoa dalam berdagang opium menyebabkan etnis Tionghoa di Lasem tumbuh sangat kaya pada abad XIX. Setelah meredupnya bisnis candu, warga Tionghoa Lasem kembali lagi menggeluti bisnis batik yang telah lama ditinggalkan. Sejak abad ke-19, para pengrajin Tionghoa telah berperan penting dalam produksi sejumlah rumah produksi batik di pesisir di Lasem. Akan tetapi hubungan sosial antara pengusaha dan buruh kurang terjalin dengan baik, karena hak-hak buruh tersebut kurang terpenuhi dengan baik. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kualitatif, dan termasuk dalam penelitian sejarah sosial-ekonomi, di mana masyarakat Lasem abad XIX hingga XX sebagai objek. Adapun tujuan historiografis yang ingin dicapai dari penelitian ini yaitu mendokumentasikan sejarah sosial-ekonomi sebagai dampak perkembangan bisnis opium dan batik di Lasem pada abad XIX sampai dengan abad XX.____________________________________________________________In the case of facing trade competition with Chinese citizens, Dutch citizens (vrijburgers) couldn’t compete it, so they created feelings of displeasure.This situation made the VOC imposed restrictions on Chinese citizen. Meanwhile, Chinese expertise in the trade of opium caused the Chinese in Lasem to grow very rich in the nineteenth century. After the declining of opiate business, the Chinese resident Lasem back again focussed on batik business that has been long abandoned. Since the 19th century, Chinese craftsmen have the significant role in the production of a number of batik houses on the coast in Lasem. However, the social relations between employers and workers are poorly intertwined, because the labor rights are poorly fulfilled. This research is a qualitative research, and included in the study of socio-economic history, where the people of Lasem XIX to XX as the object. The historiographic objective to be achieved from this research is documenting the socio-economic history as the impact of the development of opium and batik business in Lasem in the XIX century up to the XX century.
RIVALITAS JAMU JAWA DAN OBAT TRADISIONAL CINA1 ABAD XIX - AWAL ABAD XX Fibiona, Indra; Lestari, Siska Nurazizah
Patrawidya: Seri Penerbitan Penelitian Sejarah dan Budaya Vol 16, No 4 (2015)
Publisher : Balai Pelestarian nilai budaya Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (118.84 KB)

Abstract

Jamu Jawa atau obat tradisional Jawa sebagai warisan budaya mengalami tekanan setelah obat tradisional Cina semakin populer di Hindia Belanda. Keduanya saling berkompetisi dalam dunia kesehatan di Hindia Belanda pada abad XIX dan XX.Rivalitas keduanya belum banyak dikaji, dan sangat menarik jika bisa diteliti lebih dalam. Tulisan ini merupakan penelitian kualitatif yang berasal dari penelitian kolektif mengenai Jamu yang digagas atas inisiatif bersama untuk melengkapi penelitian tentang jamu sebelumnya. Penelitian ini juga termasuk dalam penelitian sejarah sosial dengan analisis menggunakan metodologi sejarah sosial. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa Jamu Jawa (traditionele Javaanse geneeskunde) kurang memiliki daya saing dalam beberapa hal jika dibandingkan dengan Obat Tradisional Cina(Traditionele Chinese Geneeskunde). Kurangnya daya saing tersebut disebabkan oleh beberapa faktor, diantaranya sistem distribusi dan branding jamu yang belum bisa meraih pangsa pasar potensial.Jamu Jawa or Javanese traditional medicine as a heritage inherited under pressure after the traditional Chinese medicine are increasingly popular in the Dutch East Indies. Both of them competing in the world of health in the Dutch East Indies in the XIX and XX century. Rivalry of both has not been widely discussed, it's very interesting if it can be studied further. This paper is a qualitative research derived from collective research on herbs that was initiated on a joint initiative to complement previous research about traditional herbal medicine. The study also included in the study with an analysis of social history using the methodology of social history. The results showed that Jamu Jawa (Traditionele Javaanse Geneeskunde) lack of competitiveness in some respects when compared with Traditional Chinese medicine (Traditionele Chinese Geneeskunde). The lack of competitiveness caused by several factors, including the distribution system and Jamu's branding have not been able to gain potential market share.