Almos, Rona
Masyarakat Linguistik Indonesia Universitas Andalas

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KARAKTERISTIK BAHASA INDONESIA ORANG MINANGKABAU Almos, Rona; Reniwati, Reniwati; Noviatri, Noviatri
Adabiyy?t: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 12, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (265.088 KB) | DOI: 10.14421/ajbs.2013.12104

Abstract

The Indonesian is multi spoken languages society. Besides speaking with the official language (bahasa Indonesia), they also speaking in their own mother language. The use of local languages or the mother tongue is preferably as second language. Therefore, the acquisition of Indonesian, especially for Minangkabau society is strongly influenced by the structure of the first language. This is called as dialect or style.  Slang or style can be seen from the lingual units that used by the speakers of the language. Lingual unit is a unit of language that carries meaning, both lexical and grammatical meaning. Unit lingual include morphemes, words, phrases, clauses, sentences, and discourse. In addition, there is another element which is the smallest unit in the language, segmental elements (phonemes) and supra-segmental elements (intonation). The results of the data analysis showed that there are some unit lingual speech marking Indonesian Minang people, namely: elements of segmental and supra-segmental elements, phatic, and sentence structure. In term of segmental elements, I have found six phonemes in Minangkabau language that affects Indonesian, phonemes are: /e/, /p/, /s/, /k/, and /j/. Moreover, in supra-segmental elements it appears that there tends to tone up the filler constituent predicate function. In declarative sentences, tone up there on the last syllable. In interrogative sentences, tone up tens to present in interrogative qualifiers. In imperative sentences, the intonation rising filler constituents tend be found in the predicate function, especially on the final syllable.
Ecology of Flora and Fauna in Maninjau Lake Almos, Rona; Ladyanna, Sonezza; Pramono, Pramono
JURNAL ARBITRER Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Masyarakat Linguistik Indonesia Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/ar.5.2.94-100.2018

Abstract

The Maninjau Lake have been poised several times which caused by the waste of commercial aquaculture feed. The situation resulted in a drastic reduction of several members of the ecosystem in the lake. The reduction of species in an ecosystem will result in the loss of the lexicon related to the species. The current research studies the lexicon of flora and fauna in Lake Maninjau, West Sumatra Province, Indonesia in the context of ecolingusitis. The output of the current study is to provide documentation lexicon which have potential to be extinct due to ecological cases such as natural disasters and human intervention around the Lake Maninjau ecosystem. The data were collected by using observational method and interviews, then the data were analyzed using translational and referential identity method. The flora found in the waters are enceng gondok, lumuik, jaiia amun, sikajuik lauik, and  pandan lauik. Fauna found include ideh, kijing, pensi, rinyuak, bada, gariang, nila, majalaya, kolai, lele, patin, udang, lintah, bujang sambilan, asang, rutiang, langkitang, sipuik, lokan, and acek. Some types of fauna such as rinyuak are difficult to find because they polluted by tubo. Pollution as an enemy of the ecosystem caused by human greedy behavior is one of the major factors of the language extinction.
PANTUN DAN PEPATAH-PETITIH MINANGKABAU BERLEKSIKON FLORA DAN FAUNA Almos, Rona; Pramono, Pramono; Reniwati, Reniwati
Adabiyy?t: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 13, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (238.586 KB) | DOI: 10.14421/ajbs.2014.13207

Abstract

Pepatah-petitih is Minangkabau proverbs which contains advices and teachings from the elders. Every sentence found in Minangkabau proverbs contains the Minangkabau basic philosophy which is originally derived from the nature. The thought of Minangkabau people is based on natural phenomena. Minangkabau people learn from everyday life environment. Sometimes the Minangkabau proverbs are presented in form of poetry. Poetry is the most important kind of Minangkabau literature. It becomes a topic, kaba flowers, and ornate speech. Those poems and proverbs are Minangkabau traditional community knowledge (local genius) in the past. This article aims to describe the whole Minangkabau proverbs which contain the terms of flora and fauna and to explain the meaning of those proverbs. There are many terms of flora and fauna found in the proverbs of Minangkabau. The contents taught us in doing good, patience, pituah, perseverance, and truth. They contain rules and high values for the benefit of Minangkabau society.
FONOLOGI BAHASA MINANGKABAU: KAJIAN TRANSFORMASI GENERATIF Almos, Rona
Jurnal Elektronik WACANA ETNIK Vol 3, No 2 (2012): Jurnal Elektronik WACANA ETNIK
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

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Abstract

Regional language spoken in the archipelago according to the national language policy serves as one of the elements of national culture and protected by the state. One of the local languages in Indonesia is the language of Minangkabau. The paper focuses on two issues: 1) how the realization of the original segment morphemes Minangkabau language?, 2) how the processes and phonological rules Minangkabau language?             Phonemic, Minangkabau language has five vowels segments, namely / a, i, u, e, o /. However, phonetic, Minangkabau language has nine vowels because vowels / a, i, u, e, and o / experience the relaxation process each has allophones [I, U, ε, ɔ]. In phonemic consonant number of Minangkabau origin amounted to 18 pieces / p, b, t, d, c, j, k, g, r, l, s, h, m, n, ŋ, ñ,, w, y / , but phonetically Minangkabau language has 19 consonants sound, example; p, b, t, d, c, j, k, g, r, l, s, h, m, n, ŋ, ñ, ʔ, w, y /. Thus, the number of segments in the Minangkabau language vowels and consonants both phonemically is 23 pieces, while as many as 28 segments phonetically.             To explain the changes that occur from the realization of phonemic to phonetic, phonology rules would require eight. Eighth phonology rules include: (1) vocal loosening rules, (2) rule "pelesapan" consonant / h /, (3) rules "pelesapan" resonant sounds / p, t, k, s, c /, (4) additional rules semivokal / w / and / y /, (5) the addition rule consonants / l /, (6) the addition rule consonants / r /, (7) changes in the rules of the consonant / h /, and (8) rule changes kosonan / k/
Struktur Fonologis Nama Orang Minangkabau Reniwati, Reniwati; Noviatri, Noviatri; Almos, Rona
Jurnal Elektronik WACANA ETNIK Vol 4, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Elektronik WACANA ETNIK
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

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Abstract

Name of the Minangkabaunese has its own characteristics which can be recognized through the phonological structure. This article describes the number of word length Minangkabau name, the number of syllables, and the nature of each syllable of the name. There are three methods and research techniques used in this study: providing data, data analysis, and presentation of analysis results. Based on the number, the phonological structures of the Minangkabaunese names have two tendencies. First, people over 43 years old tend to consist of 1 (one) word name. In contrast, less than 44 years old tend to consist of two words name. Based on the number of syllables, the Minangkabaunese names also have two tendencies. First, over 43 years old the name tends to consist of three (3) syllables followed by a name consisting of 2 (two) syllables. The name of the Minangkabau people under 44 years are more varied, there consist of 2 to 5 syllables, some of them consisting of 6 to 7 syllables. Furthermore, the long name is not found Minangkabau consisting of one syllable and exceeds 7 syllables. Finally, based on the nature, there are two properties of syllables in the Minangkabaunese name which are closed syllables and open syllables.
TEKS KLASIK SEBAGAI SUMBER PENGEMBANGAN LEKSIKOGRAFI MINANGKABAU - CLASSIC TEXT AS MINANGKABAU LEXICOGRAPHY SOURCES Almos, Rona; Pramono, Pramono; Hidayat, Herry Nur; Seswita, Seswita
Jurnal Elektronik WACANA ETNIK Vol 6, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Elektronik WACANA ETNIK
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

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Abstract

The extinction of regional languages is a phenomenon that needs to be examined and addressed seriously and wisely. Minangkabau language is also feared to be extinct. The Minangkabau language has undergone a change that occurs in the direction of reducing vocabulary. Classic vocabulary, for example, has been replaced by a new vocabulary and even completely disappeared.This study will specifically find out the kinds of Minangkabau classical texts originating from text edits. Data sources were obtained from the results of research on philology and folklore, namely the edits of manuscripts and folklore documentation. The Lexicon of Minangkabau classical texts in this paper are grouped into three groups, namely, nouns, verbs, and adjectives. Keywords: classical text, Minangkabau, vocabulary, manuscript