Dulur, Ni Wayan Dwiani
Department of Agronomy Faculty of Agriculture University of Mataram and Indonesian Society of Agronomi

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Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Berbagai Varietas Kacang Tanah antara Penanaman secara Monokrop dan Bersama Padi Beras Merah pada Sistem Irigasi Aerobik Iryani, Emi; WANGIYANA, Wayan; Dulur, Ni Wayan Dwiani
CROP AGRO, Jurnal Ilmiah Budidaya Pertanian Vol 12 No 01 (2019): Jurnal Crop Agro Januari 2019
Publisher : Department of Agronomy Faculty of Agriculture University of Mataram and Indonesian Society of Agronomy Branch NTB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (522.694 KB) | DOI: 10.29303/caj.v12i01.315

Abstract

ABSTRACT This study aimed to compare growth and yield of five varieties of peanuts between monocropping and growing together with red rice plants in an aerobic system, by carrying out a pot experiment in a plastic house. The experiment was designed according to Completely Randomized Design with two treatment factors arranged factorially, namely peanut varieties (Biawak, Hypoma-1, G300-II line, local Wajik and local Bima) and cropping patterns (monocrop or growing together red rice plants), and each treatment combination was made in 3 replications. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey's HSD at 5% level of significance, using CoStat for Windows ver. 6.303. The results indicated that there was an interaction effect between cropping patterns and peanut varieties on fresh stover weight and dry pod weight per clump, which indicated differences in responses among peanut varieties to cropping patterns. Compared with on monocrop, planting together with rice plants significantly reduced fresh stover weight but only on Hypoma-1, as well as significantly reduced dry pod weight but only on Hypoma-1 and G300-II. However, seed yield per clump was on average not influenced by different cropping patterns, and there was even a tendency for total number of seeds per clump to be higher on peanut grown together with red rice plants, i.e. on local Wajik and Biawak varieties. In contrast, weight of 20 seeds, leaf number and branche number were lower, but plant height was higher, on peanut plants grown together with rice plants in one pot compared with on monocrop.
EFEK PEMBERIAN RESIDU SLURRY BIOGAS TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN HASIL TANAMAN PAKCOY (Brassica rapa chinensis) SERTA KETERSEDIAAN UNSUR HARA P DAN S PADA ENTISOL. Purnama, Ijtihad; Wulan, R.Sri Tejo; Dulur, Ni Wayan Dwiani
CROP AGRO, Jurnal Ilmiah Budidaya Pertanian Vol 11 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Ilmiah Budidaya Pertanian
Publisher : Department of Agronomy Faculty of Agriculture University of Mataram and Indonesian Society of Agronomi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (697.73 KB)

Abstract

ABSTRAK Slurry biogas merupakan limbahdari proses ekstraksi gas metan yang bahan utamanya berasal dari campuran kotoran hewan yang telah mengalami proses anaerobik di dalam tabung reaktor. slurry biogas mengandung berbagai unsur hara, antibiotik, berbagai hormon dan telah terbukti mampu meningkatkan kualitas kesuburan kimia tanah dan hasil tanaman. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui efek residu pemberian slurry biogas terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman pakcoy (Brassica rapa chinensis) serta ketersediaan P dan S pada Entisol. Penelitian ini dilakukan di rumah kaca Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Mataram dengan menggunakan metode eksperimental pada pot percobaan. Rancangan percobaan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dengan menggunakan 6 contoh tanah residu perlakuan pemberian slurry biogas (0; 0,5; 1; 1,5;  2;  2,5 liter) dan satu contoh residu tanah yang dipupuk  NPK sesuai dengan dosis rekomendasi (300 kg/ha Urea, 150 kg/ha SP 36, dan 150 kg/ha KCl). Masing-masing perlakuan dibuat 4 ulangan sehingga diperoleh 28 unit pot percobaan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa efek residu pemberian slurry biogas memberikan pengaruh yang berbeda nyata terhadap kualitas kimia tanah, pertumbuhan, dan hasil tanaman pakcoy. Perlakuan pemberian slurry biogas dengan dosis sebesar 2,5 liter/pot memberikaan hasil tertinggi pada variable pH 6,82, P-tersedia 3,11 ppm, S-tersedia 16.58 ppm, KTK 6,57 me/100 g,  C-organik 0,86 % ,. Sedangkan hasil tertinggi untuk tinggi tanaman 8,85 cm, jumlah daun 19 lembar, berat berangkasan basah 102,7 gram, dan berat brangkasan kering tanaman 8,51gram diperoleh pada perlakuan penambahan slurry biogas dengan dosis 2 liter/pot. Korelasi antara kualitas tanah dengan hasil brangkasan basah dan brangkasan kering tanaman memberikan nilai korelasi yang positif. Hasil korelasi tertinggi diperoleh dari variabel C-organik dengan brangkasan basah (r=0,93) dan brangkasan kering(r=0,83). ABSTRACT Biogas slurry is a waste of methane gas extraction processs contains main ingredient of a mixture of animal waste, other agricultural wastes, and water which has undergone anaerobic processes in the reactor tube. Biogas slurry contains a variety of nutrients, antibiotics, hormones and has been shown to improve the quality of soil chemical fertility and crop yields. The aim of this study was to determine the residual effect of provision of biogas slurry on the growth and yield pakcoy (Brassica rapa chinensis) as well as the availability of P and S in Entisol. This research was conducted in the greenhouse of the Faculty of Agriculture, University of Mataram by using experimental methods in the pot experiment. The experimental design used in this research is completely randomized design (CRD) using 6 soil residual that had been treated with dosages of biogas slurry (0; 0,5; 1; 1,5; 2; 2,5 liters) and one residual soil NPK fertilized according to the dosage recommendation (300 kg/ha of urea, 150 kg/ha SP 36, and 150 kg/ha KCl). Each treatment was made 4 replicates in order to obtain 28 units of pot experiment. The results showed that the residual effects of biogas slurry gave a significantly different effect on the quality of soil chemistry, growth, and yield. Biogas slurry treatment administration at a dose of 2.5 liter/pot been of the highest yields on variable pH of 6.82, 3.11 ppm available P, S-available 16:58 ppm, CEC of 6.57 me/100 g, C-organic 0,86%,. While the highest yield to 8.85 cm plant height, leaf number 19 pieces, berangkasan wet weight of 102.7 grams, and the weight of dry stover obtained at treatment plants 8,51gram addition of biogas slurry with a dose of 2 liter/pot. The correlation between the quality of the soil with the results stover wet and dry stover crops provide positive correlation value. The highest correlation results obtained from variable C-organic wet stover (r= 0.93) and dry stover
Pengaruh Inokulasi Mikoriza terhadap Komponen Hasil Padi Sistem Pengairan Aerobik yang Ditumpangsarikan dengan Kacang Hijau Wangiyana, Wayan; Aryana, I Gusti Putu Muliarta; Gunartha, I Gde Ekaputra; Dulur, Ni Wayan Dwiani
agriTECH Vol 38, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (271.285 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/agritech.29062

Abstract

This study was aimed to examine effect of inoculation with Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) and intercropping with several mungbean varieties on yield components of red rice grown under aerobic irrigation technique. The experiment was carried out in a pot in the plastic house from June to September 2017. The experiment was designed using Completely Randomized Design with two treatment factors arranged factorially, i.e. AMF inoculation (M0= without, or M1= with AMF inoculation) and mungbean varieties (V) grown together with red rice plant (V1= Kenari, V2= Vima-1, V3= Vima-3, V4= Merak, and V5= No. 129 ). Each treatment combination was made in triplicate. The results indicated that inoculation had a significant effect in increasing filled panicle number, number of filled grains, and dry grain yield per pot, while decreasing percentage number of unfilled grains. For the rice plants incoluated with AMF, intercropping with mungbean of Kenari and Merak varieties produced similar or higher number of filled panicles compared to those without intercropping. In contrast, for the rice plant without inoculation with AMF, intercropping resulted in lower amount of filled panicles than those without intercropping.