Sitomorang, Ingrid Rita
Indonesian Pediatric Society

Published : 1 Documents

Found 1 Documents

Risk Factors for Nosocomial Infections in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Sitomorang, Ingrid Rita; Garna, Herry
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 34 No 1-2 (1994): January 1994
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (759.979 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi34.1-2.1994.48-56


We report our study to determine factors associated with increased nosocomial infections in neonates hospitalized in NJCU, from January until December, 1992. A total number of 116 infants were studied, 68 (58.6%) of them were male, and 101 (87 .1 %) were less than 6 days old. Forty six infants (39.8%) had a birth weight of< 1500 g, 27 (23.3%) between 1500-1999 g, 14 (12.1%) between 2000-2499 g, 27 (23.2%) >2500 g, and 2 (1.7%) were unknown. A total number of64 infants (55.2%) had more than 1 infections, yielding 103 episodes of infection, giving an incidence of 88.8% infection rate. The significant risk factor for nosocomial infections was length of hospital stay. Age, birth weight, gestational age, APGAR scores, use of nasogastric tube or intravenous line, were not statistically significant risk factors. Use of nasogastric tube was associated with increased nosocomial gastroenteritis, compared with use of intravenous lines.