Kurnia, Arif Rahmat
Departemen Nutrition Science, Public Health Faculty, Institut Kesehatan Helvetia

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Konsumsi ikan bersifat protektif terhadap diagnosis stroke pada orang yang pernah terdiagnosis hipertensi di Indonesia Kurnia, Arif Rahmat; Purba, Martalena Br.; Gunawan, I Made Alit
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 14, No 4 (2018): April
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (183.294 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.28077

Abstract

Background: Stroke is a burdensome disease. The prevalence of stroke has increased by 16% over the last 6 years. The biggest risk factor for stroke is hypertension, but consumption of animal products such as meat, fish, eggs, and milk is often associated with the onset of stroke.Objective: To examine the relationship between the frequencies of animal products consumption to the incidence of stroke in 2014/2015 on hypertensive people in 2007/2008.Method: This research was using case control design performed by analyzing longitudinal data derived from Indonesian Family Life Survey (IFLS) 4 and 5 (2007/2008 and 2014/2015). The population of this study was Indonesian aged over 40 years who have been diagnosed with hypertension in IFLS 4.Results: The results of bivariate analysis using Chi Square test and Fisher's exact test found that the variables significantly associated with stroke diagnosis in IFLS 5 were IFLS 5 fish consumption (p=0.027; OR=0.47); IFLS 4 milk consumption (p=0.04; OR=2.97); IFLS 5 hypertension diagnosis (p=0.006; OR=4.03); IFLS 4 diabetes mellitus diagnosis (p=0.033;OR=8.91); and IFLS 5 diabetes mellitus diagnosis (p=0.041; OR=3.73), also IFLS 5 physical activity (p=0.00; OR=0.34).Conclusion: Fish consumption of 2 - 7 days per week and adequate physical activity is associated with a decreased risk of stroke in a population that has been diagnosed with hypertension. Daily milk consumption, hypertension diagnosis, and diabetes mellitus diagnosis may increase the risk of stroke.
Peningkatan Pengetahuan Ibu melalui Penyuluhan dan Pelatihan Pembuatan Makanan Olahan Ikan Prameswari, Galuh Nita; Kurnia, Arif Rahmat; Susilo, Mursid Tri
HIGEIA (Journal of Public Health Research and Development) Vol 3 No 3 (2019): HIGEIA: July 2019
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/higeia.v3i3.30046

Abstract

Latar Belakang: Gizi buruk dan gizi kurang pada balita masih menjadi masalah gizi di Indonesia, termasuk Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Salah satu faktor yang menyebabkan kondisi tersebut adalah karena kurangnya asupan zat gizi terutama energi dan protein. Bahan pangan yang sangat dianjurkan untuk dikonsumsi sebagai upaya penunjang status gizi balita adalah ikan, yang tingkat konsumsinya masih sangat rendah pada masyarakat Jawa Tengah. Diperlukan intervensi untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan masyarakat dalam mengkonsumsi makanan berbahan dasar ikan khususnya bagi balita. Metode: Jenis penelitian ini adalah eksperimental dengan rancanganone one group pre-post test design. Penelitian ini melibatkan 11 ibu-ibu di RW 2 Kelurahan Pegulon Kecamatan Kendal Kabupaten Kendal yang memiliki anak ataupu  cucu balita, setelah itu diperhatikan pengetahuannya mengenai konsumsi ikan. Simpulan: Penyuluhan Gemar Makan Ikan dan pelatihan pembuatan makanan tambahan berbahan dasar ikan dapat membantu meningkatkan pengetahuan dan minat Ibu untuk memberikan makanan olahan ikan pada anak balitanya.