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Tourism and economic growth: The role of globalization Hidayati, Firda
Journal of Public Administration Studies Vol 2, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : FIA UB

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Abstract

Tourism is believed to bring significant impact on economic growth in both developed and developing countries.. However, many still question the role of globalization to foster tourism impact on economic growth. This research amied to review current journals on tourism to examine possible impacts of globalization on tourism and economic growth. This study is aimed to review articles from 2007 to 2017 (10 years)  to map the correlation between those three aspects. The finding supports the notion on the positive impact of globalization to tourism contribution to economic growth.  The developing and third world countries need to manage globalization, in term of export, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and foreign tourist spending to increase tourism developement and economic growth. Proper tourism expansion policy should not only focus on physical insrastructure such as hotels, roads, and restourants, but also no-physical infrastructucture such as innovation and coordination to enhance benefits gained from globalization. The key to increase tourism effectiveness is innovation, therefore, tourism policy should be equipped with education system that allows local officers and society to adapt with constant change and multiple stakeholders form different nationalities, cultures and education background.
Can Decentralization Affect Public Service Delivery? A Preliminay Study of Local Government’s Innovation and Responsiveness in Indonesia. Hidayati, Firda
Journal of Public Administration Studies Vol 2, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : FIA UB

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Abstract

Decentralization has helped to increase quality of public service to be more responsive and accountable to its local people, but many still question its effectiveness especially in developing coutries. Since 1998, Indonesia has applied decentralization to manage the government, the drastic shift from strong centralization to decentralization has brought question on its effectiveness. This paper presents normative and empirical evidence on decentralization to public service delivery in Indonesia. It analyzes of curent theories and application that support the scheme on how decentralization may reduce ineficiency and ineffeciveness in public service provision. Drawing from articles, the researcher found that efficiency can be increased by providing institutional change to improve accountablity of public service provision. It is recommended that local government should assign specific local bureaucrats to hold reponsible for certain public service that will lead to strong involvement of society and bureaucrats in improving public service provision. The quick bureaucrat response and proper innovation should create strong public service demand on better public service provision and therefore, put high pressure on elite and bureacrats to be more responsive and accountable in managing this service.