Jurnal Keperawatan Sriwijaya
Vol 4, No 2 (2017)

Hubungan pengetahuan dan sikap pediculosis capitis dengan perilaku pencegahan pediculosis capitis pada santri asrama pondok pesantren Darussalam Muara Bungo

Mitriani, Shelmia (Unknown)
Rizona, Firnaliza (Unknown)
Ridwan, Muhammad (Unknown)



Article Info

Publish Date
21 Jul 2017

Abstract

Tujuan: Pediculosis capitis merupakan penyakit kulit kepala yang disebabkan oleh parasit pediculus humanus varian capitis. Penyakit ini banyak menyerang anak sekolah terutama yang tinggal di asrama. Gatal yang ditimbulkan mengakibatkan berbagai dampak terhadap penderitanya seperti kurangnya kualitas tidur, stigma sosial, rasa malu, dan rendah diri. Penularan dapat melalui kontak langsung maupun tak langsung. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan pengetahuan dan sikap tentang pediculosis capitis dengan perilaku pencegahan pediculosis capitis. Metode: Disain penelitian adalah cross-sectional. Penelitian dilakukan pada santri asrama putri Pesantren Darussalam. Besar sampel sebanyak 72 sampel dengan teknik proportionate stratified random sampling. Hasil: Hasil analisis chi-square dengan tingkat signifikan 5% menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan antara pengetahuan dengan perilaku pencegahan pediculosis capitis p-value 0,024 (<?0,05) dan terdapat hubungan antara sikap tentang pediculosis capitis dengan perilaku pencegahan pediculosis capitis p-value 0,019 (<?0,05). Simpulan: Terdapat hubungan antara pengetahuan dan sikap tentang pediculosis capitis dengan perilaku pencegahan pediculosis capitis. Kata Kunci: pengetahuan, sikap, perilaku, pediculosis capitis  Abstract Aim: Pediculosis capitis is a scalp disease caused by the parasite pediculus humanus variant capitis. This disease is a lot of attacking school-age children especially who live together in a dormitory. Itching caused by this disease can cause various effects on the sufferer such as lack of quality sleep, social stigma, shyness and low self-esteem. Transmission of pediculosis capitis can occur when there is direct or indirect hair contact with the patient. This study aims to determine the relationship of knowledge and attitude about pediculosis capitis with prevention behavior pediculosis capitis. Method: The design is cross sectional approach. This research was conducted on female students of Darussalam Islamic Boarding School Muara Bungo. The sample size used is 72 samples with proportionate stratified random sampling technique. Data collected by recording of secondary and primary data (questioner). Result: The result of chi-square analysis with significant level of 5% indicated that there was correlation between knowledge about pediculosis capitis with pediculosis capitis prevention behavior p-value 0,024 (<?0,05) and there was correlation between attitude about pediculosis capitis with pediculosis capitis prevention behavior p-value 0,019 (<?0,05). Conclusion: There is a significant correlation between knowledge of pediculosis capitis with prevention behavior of pediculosis capitis and there is correlation between attitude about pediculosis capitis with prevention behavior pediculosis capitis. Keywords: knowledge, attitude, behavior, pediculosis capitis.

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Journal Info

Abbrev

jk_sriwijaya

Publisher

Subject

Health Professions Nursing

Description

Jurnal Keperawatan Sriwijaya berisi artikel-artikel ilmiah yang berupa hasil penelitian maupun hasil studi pustaka meliputi ranah keilmuan, ilmu keperawatan dasar (konsep dasar keperawatan, teknik-teknik dan metodologi asuhan keperawatan, teknik komunikasi dan pendekatan budaya dalam asuhan ...