Jurnal RISET Geologi dan Pertambangan
Vol 29, No 1 (2019)

Karakteristik Marmer Daerah Mata Wawatu dan Sanggula, Kecamatan Moramo Utara, Kabupaten Konawe Selatan, Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara

Titisari, Anastasia Dewi (Unknown)
Azzaman, Muhammad Arba (Unknown)



Article Info

Publish Date
27 Jun 2019

Abstract

Sulawesi Tenggara memiliki potensi marmer terbesar di Indonesia. Salah satu daerah potensi marmer di Sulawesi Tenggara adalah Mata Wawatu dan Sanggula, Kecamatan Moramo Utara Kabupaten Konawe Selatan. Namun belum ada penelitian rinci mengenai karakteristik marmer yang ada di daerah ini. Karakteristik marmer di daerah penelitian yaitu berwarna abu – abu dengan struktur non foliasi dan tekstur lensa atau augen texture. Secara petrografi, mineral penyusun marmer didominasi dengan ukuran kristal ≤ 0.1 – 1 mm, yaitu mineral kalsit, dolomit, kuarsa, hematit, dan mineral opak. Marmer daerah penelitian memberikan kenampakan tekstur yang bervariasi, yaitu tekstur subidioblastik dan xenoblastik (berdasarkan bentuk individu Kristal), tekstur kristaloblastik (berdasarkan ketahanan terhadap metamorfismenya), tekstur nematoblastik dan granuloblastik (berdasarkan bentuk mineralnya), dan saccaroidal texture dan mortar texture (berdasarkan tekstur khususnya). Sifat keteknikan marmer memberikan nilai yang bervariasi, di mana nilai kuat tekan sebesar 235.718 kg/cm2 – 389.338 kg/cm2, nilai ketahanan aus sebesar 0,0414 mm/menit – 0,0498 mm/menit, dan nilai serapan air sebesar 0,275 % - 0,763 %.  CaO merupakan senyawa yang paling melimpah pada marmer dengan kelimpahan 50,44 % - 55,90 %. Berdasarkan sifat keteknikannya, marmer di daerah penelitian dapat direkomendasikan sebagai batu hias / batu tempel. Berdasarkan spesifikasi senyawa oksida utamanya, marmer bagian timur laut daerah penelitian direkomendasikan untuk industri kertas, pewarna tekstil, penyaringan gula, dan produksi semen sedangkan marmer bagian barat daya daerah penelitian kurang dapat dimanfaatkan. Southeast Sulawesi has the greatest marble potential in Indonesia. One of the marble potential areas in the Southeast Sulawesi is Mata Wawatu and Sanggula, North Moramo District of the South Konawe Regency. However, there is no detailed research on marble characteristics in this area. The marble characteristics in the study area are grey with non-foliation structures and lens texture or augen texture. Petrographically, constituent minerals of the marble are dominated by crystal size ≤ 0.1 - 1 mm which are calcite, dolomite, quartz, hematite, and opaque minerals. The research area's marble provides varied texture features, namely subidobobastic and xenoblastic textures (based on individual form crystals), crystalloblastic textures (based on resistance to metamorphism), nematoblastic and granuloblastic textures (based on their mineral form), and saccharoidal texture and mortar texture (based on texture in particular). The properties of marble engineering give varying values, where the compressive strength value is 235.718 kg / cm2 – 389.338 kg / cm2, the wear resistance value is 0.0414 mm / min - 0.0498 mm / min, and the water absorption value is 0.275% - 0.763%. CaO is the most abundant compound on marble with an abundance of 50.44 - 55.90 wt. %. Based on its engineering properties, marble in the research area can be recommended as an ornamental stone. Based on the specification of the main oxide compound, the northeastern marble of the research area are recommended for the paper industry, textile dyes, sugar screening, and cement production whereas the southwestern marble of the research area is less utilizable.

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Journal Info

Abbrev

JRISGEOTAM

Publisher

Subject

Earth & Planetary Sciences

Description

RISET (Indonesian Journal of Geology and Mining) welcomes article submissions dealing with Geology; Applied Geophysics; ...