Indonesian Journal of Clinical Pathology and Medical Laboratory (IJCPML)
Vol 25, No 2 (2019)

VANCOMYCIN RESISTANT STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS (VRSA) IN DR. WAHIDIN SUDIROHUSODO HOSPITAL MAKASSAR

Ahmad, Fatmawaty (Unknown)
Sennang, Nurhayana (Unknown)
Rusli, Benny (Unknown)



Article Info

Publish Date
13 Apr 2019

Abstract

Vancomycin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VRSA) refers to bacteria that have complete resistance to Vancomycin. The increasing prevalence of VRSA can be a significant clinical problem with the limited therapeutic options. Therefore, the identification of? VRSA is necessary to improve the management of antibiotic therapy, infection control and to prevent the occurrence of wider resistance. This retrospective descriptive study used secondary data of antibiotic susceptibility test on Staphylococcus aureus identified using VITEK 2 and patient medical records from January 2015 to December 2016. The data is processed using SPSS. Of 387 Staphylococcus aureus isolates obtained, 45 (11%) were VRSA. The most common VRSA isolates were male patients (57.8%) with the mean age being 41-60 years old (35.6%). The treatment ward with the most VRSA isolates were from surgical ward (20%), and internal medicine ward (15.6%) whereas the? VRSA isolates from outpatient record were from surgical? department (8.9%), dermatology department and ENT department (2.2%). The most common specimens were blood (28.9%), pus (26.7%), and sputum (20.0%). The highest prevalence of VRSA was found in the use of ? 3 invasive medical devices and from clinical outcome was found 11 (24.4%) of the patients died. Linezolid, Quinupristin / Dalfopristin, Tigecycline, and Nitrofurantoin as a therapeutic option have > 90% sensitivity. Identification of ?VRSA in Dr. Wahidin Sudirohusodo Hospital Makassar emphasized the need for? immediate action by infection control division, especially in related units to prevent the transmission.

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Journal Info

Abbrev

patologi

Publisher

Subject

Biochemistry, Genetics & Molecular Biology Health Professions Medicine & Pharmacology Neuroscience

Description

Indonesian Journal of Clinical Pathology and Medical Laboratory (IJCPML) is a journal published by “Association of Clinical Pathologist” professional association. This journal displays articles in the Clinical Pathology and Medical Laboratory scope. Clinical Pathology has a couple of ...