International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences
Vol 7, No 1 (2019)

ACUTE AND SUB-CHRONIC TOXICITY STUDIES OF COMBINATION OF PHYSALIS ANGULATA L. (CECENDET) EXTRACT AND METHYLPREDNISOLONE ON ANIMALS

Sukandar, Elin Yulinah (Unknown)
Sheba, Shiane Hanako (Unknown)



Article Info

Publish Date
23 May 2019

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the safety of combination of Physalis angulata L. (Cecendet) extract and methylprednisolone through a single dose in mice (acute toxicity) and repeated doses within 90 days in rats (subchronic toxicity).Methods: Acute toxicity test was conducted to 2 groups of female mice by monitoring their behavior and death at 4 hours and 24 hours after cecendet adminstration. While subchronic toxicity test was conducted to 6 groups of rats as normal group, control group, and receive varoius cecendet dose. Each group was combined with methylprednisolone 5 mg/kg b.w. at first month and gradually taperred to 3.2 mg/kg b.w. at third month. Subchronic toxicity was evaluated by monitoring rats? behavior, mortality, blood biochemistry, blood cell count, urinalysis, and organ macroscopic and histologic.Results: The study showed cecendet extracts did not affect mice behavior in single dose therapy up to 5 g/kg b.w. and had LD50 of more than 5 g/kg b.w., which was categorized as practically non-toxic. The sub-chronic toxicity study showed that up to 1 g/kg b.w. of cecendet extracts that was administered for 90 days did not cause death, was not organ toxic, did not affect blood biochemistries, blood cell count, and urinalysis.Conclusions: Cecendet extract and methylprednisolone combination was safe based on acute and sub-chronic toxicity data.Keywords: Acute toxicity, LD50, Lupus, Physalis angulata L, subchronic toxicity 

Copyrights © 2019






Journal Info

Abbrev

ijihs

Publisher

Subject

Health Professions

Description

International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences (IJIHS) is a peer-review journal which publishes original articles, medical research, clinical research and case report. This journal is supported by Faculty of Medicine Universitas Padjadjaran and was launched on September 22nd 2012 and firstly ...