Kesmas: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional
Vol. 4 No. 2 Oktober 2009

Analisis Data Riskesdas 2007/2008: Kontribusi Karakteristik Ibu terhadap Status Imunisasi Anak di Indonesia

Hastono, Sutanto Priyo ( Departemen Biostatistik dan Ilmu Kependudukan Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Indonesia )



Article Info

Publish Date
01 Oct 2009

Abstract

Cakupan imunisasi terbukti dapat menurunkan secara signifikan kejadian kesakitan dan kematian yang diakibatkan penyakit tersebut, tetapi di Indonesia cakupan tersebut tergolong rendah.Tujuan penelitian adalah mengetahui hubungan karakteristik ibu dengan status imunisasi anak di Indonesia. Disain yang digunakan dalam penelitian adalah potong lintang dengan sampel anak yang berumur antara 1-2 tahun yang tinggal di wilayah Indonesia. Sumber data sekunder yang digunakan adalah Riskesdas Depkes tahun 2007/08. Proporsi anak usia 12-24 bulan yang mendapat imunisasi lengkap adalah 56,2 % (95% CI :55,1-57,3). Pendidikan ibu dan pendidikan suami ditemukan berhubungan secara bermakna dengan status imunisasi dasar pada anak. Hasil analisis multi-level menemukan bahwa kontribusi variabel level kabupaten (92,5 %) jauh lebih besar daripada level individu (7,5 %). Disarankan pemerintah bersama masyarakat berupaya untuk meningkatkan pendidikan. Departemen Kesehatan dan sektor terkait disarankan menyusun pedoman upaya memobilisasi imunisa-si dengan sasaran penyuluhan dan kampanye imunisasi secara tepat.Kata kunci: Perilaku, status imunisasi anak, analisis multilevel.AbstractThe escalation on the immunization coverage has been proved to significantly reduce the morbidity and mortality of the immunized diseases. However, in Indonesia the coverage of immunization is still low. The research purpose is to understand the role of mother’s characteristics to child immunization status in Indonesia. This is an advance analysis of Riskesdas data 2007/2008. Sample of the research is children age 12-24 months. The results showed that only56.2% children had had complete immunization. Multivariate analysis shows that characteristic factors, such as mother’s and husband’s education are sig-nificant to child immunization status. The result of Multilevel Analysis shows that the role of characteristic factors to child immunization status is 7.5% and the role of district level is 92.5%. Based on this result research, it is important for government to continuously improving education, immunization knowledge and encourage the utilization of health care especially immunization services. Ministry of Health and related sectors are supposed to arrange orientation program for immunization mobilization.Keywords: Behavior, child immunization status, multilevel analysis.

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Journal Info

Abbrev

kesmas

Publisher

Subject

Public Health

Description

Kesmas: National Public Health Journal is on public health as discipline and practices related to preventive and promotive measures to enhance health of the public through scientific approach applying variety of technique. This focus includes area and scope such as biostatistics, epidemiology, ...