Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research (PSR)
Vol 3, No 2 (2016)

Optimasi Kombinasi Karbopol 940 dan HPMC Terhadap Sifat Fisik Gel Ekstrak dan Fraksi Metanol Daun Kesum (Polygonum minus Huds.) dengan metode Simplex Lattice Design

Sari, Rafika ( Universitas Tanjungpura )
Nurbaeti, Siti Nani ( Universitas Tanjungpura )
Pratiwi, Liza ( Universitas Tanjungpura )

Article Info

Publish Date
07 Mar 2017


Indonesia especially west Kalimantan well known by its biodiversity. one of the potential resource is Kesum leaves. Kesum leaves are potential as antibacterial effect, so it can be formulated into pharmaceutical dosage form, especially gel. This research aimed to know the best comparison between Carbopol 940 and Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) gel base affecting the physical stability of methanol extract and fraction of kesum leaves gel by Simplex Lattice Design (SLD) method. Gels were prepared into three variation base such as gel A (100% Carbopol - 0% HPMC); gel B (0% Carbopol - 100% HPMC); and gel C (50% Carbopol – 50% HPMC). According to SLD method, the optimum combination obtained among the basis were 100% Carbopol - 0% HPMC for Kesum leaves methanol extract gel and 10% Carbopol – 90% HPMC for Kesum leaves methanol fraction gel. Gel that was formulated were tested their physical stability, including adhesive ability, spreadability and pH. The results were analyzed using One sample t- test and was known there was no difference of the physical stability between Kesum leaves methanol extract gel and Kesum leaves methanol fraction gel.  

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Journal Info





Medicine & Pharmacology


Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research (PSR) is an official scientific journal managed by Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Indonesia. PSR was first published in 2004 Under the name of Majalah Ilmu Kefarmasian (MIK). After being vacuum for 1 years, MIK was then reestablished under new editorial with new ...