Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry
Vol 2, No 3 (2017): October 2017

Nitrogen Removal by Anammox Biofilm Column Reactor at Moderately Low Temperature

Agustina, Tuty Emilia (Unknown)
Novia, Novia (Unknown)
Diansyah, Gusti (Unknown)
Ike, Michihiko (Unknown)
Soda, Satoshi (Unknown)

Article Info

Publish Date
01 Nov 2017


The anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) as a new biological approach for nitrogen removal has been considered to be more cost-effective compared with the combination of nitrification and denitrification process. However, the anammox bioreactors are mostly explored at high temperature (>300C) in which temperature controlling system is fully required. This research was intended to develop and to apply anammox process for high nitrogen concentration removal at ambient temperature used for treating wastewater in tropical countries. An up-flow biofilm column reactor, which the upper part constructed with a porous polyester non-woven fabric material as a carrier to attach the anammox bacteria was operated without heating system. A maximum nitrogen removal rate (NRR) of 1.05 kg-N m3 d-1 was reached in the operation days of 178 with a Total Nitrogen (TN) removal efficiency of 74%. This showed the biofilm column anammox reactor was successfully applied to moderate high nitrogen removal from synthetic wastewater at moderately low temperature. Keywords: Anammox, biofilm column reactor, ambient temperature, nitrogen removal

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Biochemistry, Genetics & Molecular Biology Chemistry Environmental Science


Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry (IJFAC) is an international research journal and invites contributions of original research articles as well as review articles in several areas of chemistry. The journal aims to publish refereed, high-quality research papers with significant ...