DIKTUM: Jurnal Syariah dan Hukum
Vol 8 No 1 (2010): DIKTUM : JURNAL SYARIAH DAN HUKUM

SISTEM IJTIHA DALAM HUKUM ISLAM (Metodologi Pembaruan Ibnu Taimiyah)

Hamang, M. Nasri (Unknown)



Article Info

Publish Date
09 Jan 2010

Abstract

This article explores the ijtihad system in Islamic law with special reference to ibn Taimiyah’s reform method. This study reveals that ibn Taimiyah is one of proponents of reform in ijtihad methodology. In this methodology, he frequently follows the line of Hanbalite system, and neglects three other systems, Hanafite, Malikite, and Syafi’ite. He even produces some works according to his own methodology. Ibn Taimiyah lays so much emphasis on the application of ijtihad methodology based on Qur’an and Sunnah, yet does not neglect ijma’, qiyas, and maslahah mursalah, with strict requirement. He is different from Abu Hanifah who emphasizes the application of istihsan and ‘urf, from Malik who emphasizes maslahah mursalah, and from Syafi’i who prefers the istidlal methodology. Actually, ibn Taimiyah appreciates the rational faculty in analizing the texts (nash). According to him, the usage of rational reasoning makes Islamic law logical. In comprehending religious truth, especially related to natural phenomena and social life, ibn Taimiyah is an empiricist and rationalist. This in turn endorses the scientific experiment and direct observation.

Copyrights © 2010






Journal Info

Abbrev

diktum

Publisher

Subject

Arts Humanities Law, Crime, Criminology & Criminal Justice Social Sciences

Description

DIKTUM : JURNAL SYARIAH DAN HUKUM Jurusan Syariah sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Negeri Parepare Fokus pada kajian Studi Ilmu Syariah, Hukum Islam, dan Ekonomi Islam meliputi: Ruang Lingkup Ibadah, Hukum tentang keluarga atau hukum badan pribadi (ahkam al-ahwal al-syakhshiyyah, Hukum tentang kebendaan ...