Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology
Vol 21, No 2 (2016)

Determination of allelopathic potential in mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla King) leaf litter using sandwich method

Mukaromah, Arnia Sari (Unknown)
Purwestri, Yekti Asih (Unknown)
Fujii, Yoshiharu (Unknown)

Article Info

Publish Date
01 Dec 2016


The sandwich method is a reliable screening bioassay that can be utilized to investigate allelopathic activity of leaf litter leachates. Screening the allelopathic potential of mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla King) leaf litter in plant–plant interaction using the sandwich bioassay method has not been reported. The research objectives were to determine and categorize allelopathic potential of S. macrophylla leaf litter using the sandwich bioassay method, and to determine specific activity (EC550). S. macrophylla leaf litter. The results showed that S. macrophylla leaf litter exhibited strong allelopathic activity when compared with 46 leaf litter species and was included in the top ten of allelopathic leaf litter species. Increasing S. macrophylla leaf litter concentration was concomitant with inhibition of radicle lettuce seedling growth compared with the control. According to the linear regression analysis, the effective concentration (EC50) of S. macrophylla was estimated to be 3.25 mg D.W. eq. mL-1 and was considered to have strong growth-inhibitory activity on lettuce radicle elongation. The results suggest the possibility of allelopathic potential of leaf litter in plant–plant interaction under S. macrophylla trees.

Copyrights © 2016

Journal Info





Biochemistry, Genetics & Molecular Biology Immunology & microbiology Materials Science & Nanotechnology


The Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology (IJBiotech) is an open access, peer-reviewed, multidisciplinary journal dedicated to the publication of novel research in all aspects of biotechnology, with particular attention paid to the exploration and development of natural products derived from ...