Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology
Vol 23, No 1 (2018)

Amylolytic ability of bacteria isolated from termite (Coptotermes sp.) gut

Mulyani, Putri Dwi (Unknown)
Hamid, Radhiyah Mardhiyah (Unknown)
Janatunaim, Rifqi Zahroh (Unknown)
Purwestri, Yekti Asih (Unknown)



Article Info

Publish Date
11 Jun 2018

Abstract

BSR 2, BSR 3, BSR 8, and BSR 9, different bacteria isolated from the termite gut, have been shown to possess cellulolytic activities, but their amylolytic ability has heretofore been unknown. This study attempted to fill in this knowledge gap. The formation of a clear zone using the iodine test showed that the bacteria were able to produce and secrete amylase. Based on the results, the best cultivation times for strains BSR 2, BSR 3, BSR 8, and BSR 9 were 6, 3, 2, and 2 d, respectively, yielding amylase activities of 2.59 ± 0.13 U/mg, 2.00 ± 0.08 U/mg, 1.67 ± 0.10 U/mg, and 1.55 ± 0.12 U/mg, respectively. BSR 2 had the highest amylase activity compared with the other bacterial isolates. The optimum ph for bacterial amylase activity of BSR 2 was 7.0, and the optimum temperature was 40°C. The molecular characterization of isolates BSR 2, BSR 3, BSR 8, and BSR 9 was based on 16S rRNA gene sequences. Isolates BSR 8 and BSR 9 were thus identified as Brevibacillus parabrevis and Brevibacillus sp. With similarities amounting to 92.48% and 95.91%, while the BSR 3 isolate was identified as Pseudomonas alcaligenes with a similarity of 94.29%, and the BSR 2 isolate could not be identified yet.

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Journal Info

Abbrev

ijbiotech

Publisher

Subject

Biochemistry, Genetics & Molecular Biology Immunology & microbiology Materials Science & Nanotechnology

Description

The Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology (IJBiotech) is an open access, peer-reviewed, multidisciplinary journal dedicated to the publication of novel research in all aspects of biotechnology, with particular attention paid to the exploration and development of natural products derived from ...