Artificial Neural Network (ANN) is often used to solve forecasting cases. As in this study. The artificial neural network used is with backpropagation algorithm. The study focused on cases concerning overcrowding forecasting based District in Simalungun in Indonesia in 2010-2015. The data source comes from the Central Bureau of Statistics of Simalungun Regency. The population density forecasting its future will be processed using backpropagation algorithm focused on binary sigmoid function (logsig) and a linear function of identity (purelin) with 5 network architecture model used the 3-5-1, 3-10-1, 3-5 -10-1, 3-5-15-1 and 3-10-15-1. Results from 5 to architectural models using Neural Networks Backpropagation with binary sigmoid function and identity functions vary greatly, but the best is 3-5-1 models with an accuracy of 94%, MSE, and the epoch 0.0025448 6843 iterations. Thus, the use of binary sigmoid activation function (logsig) and the identity function (purelin) on Backpropagation Neural Networks for forecasting the population density is very good, as evidenced by the high accuracy results achieved.
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