Pesantren as well as other traditional Islamic education
institutions such as dayah used to be portrayed as an
institution that set up particular boundaries on women’s
public roles. The leadership system applied in the given
institutions is also apparently patriarchal; in which man use
to be prioritized in the succession of pesantren or dayah
leadership. Besides, some discourses of the text books or
literatures taught tend to absorb some patriarchal values.
Nevertheless, beyond its patriarchal images, indeed there are
still some spaces for women’s agency either in the pesantren
or dayah – that would include the leadership system or even
beyond. This will be feasible either through a ‘derivative
power’ when the status is inherited or ‘achieved power’; when
personal struggle is dominant to achieve it.
Keywords: pesantren, dayah, achieved power, derivative
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