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INDONESIA
Jurnal Ilmiah Kedokteran Wijaya Kusuma
ISSN : 19782071     EISSN : 25805967     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Science,
Jurnal Ilmiah Kedokteran Wijaya Kusuma (JIKW) is a periodically scientific publication that contains articles written in Indonesia or english. JIKW receive articles in the scope of Biomedical Sciences, degenerative diseases, infections, congenital abnormalities and public health. JIKW published twice a year. The articles will be published in JIKW only manuscript that has never be published or published in other journal. Writers who will publish the article please follow the JIKW guidelines. The entire management process both admission and review the article is done by online.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 140 Documents
POLA KUMAN, HASIL UJI SENSITIFITAS ANTIBIOTIK DAN KOMPLIKASI ABSES LEHER DALAM DI RSUD DR. SOETOMO Arianto, Denny Rizaldi; Romdhoni, Achmad Chusnu
Jurnal Ilmiah Kedokteran Wijaya Kusuma Vol 8, No 1 (2019): EDISI MARET 2019 (available online since April 2019)
Publisher : Universitas Wijaya Kusuma Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30742/jikw.v8i1.557

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan data lokasi, etiologi, hasil kultur kuman dan uji sensitifitas antibiotik serta komplikasi dari penderita abses leher dalam yang di rawat ruang rawat inap bedah teratai THT-KL RSUD Dr. Soetomo periode Januari sampai Desember 2014. Bahan dan metode penelitian yaitu rekam medik penderita. Hasil: Didapatkan 41 penderita. Lokasi di submandibula 13(31,70%), ruang peritonsil 11(26,82%), kombinasi ruang submandibula, parafaring dan retrofaring 11 (26,82%). Etiologi infeksi gigi 14(34,14%), infeksi tonsil akut 8(19,51%), DM 8(19,51%), DM Tipe 2 dan infeksi gigi 10(24,39%), DM disertai infeksi orofaring 1(2,43%). Dari kultur pus didapatkan Staph. Aureus (33,33%), Strep. viridians (28,75%), Kleb. Pneumonia (9,52%). Dari kultur darah didapatkan kuman Strep. viridians (40,00%), Kleb. Pneumonia (20,00%), Acinobacter humanii (20,00%), Staph. Haemolyticus (20,00%). Kultur urin didapatkan Acinobacter humanii dan Staph. haemolyticus masing-masing 50%. Hasil uji sensitifitas antibiotik dari kultur pus didapatkan angka sensitive terhadap Meropenem (87,5%), Ceftriaxone (73,68%), Cefoperazone-sulbactam (70,00%), Cefotaxime (68,75%). Resitensi kuman terhadap antibiotika tersebut diatas secara berurutan 12,50%, 21,05%, 20,00%, 12,5%. Komplikasi sepsis 12(29,26%), obstruksi jalan napas atas (trakeotomi) 6(14,63%). Kesimpulan: Lokasi tersering di submandibula disusul peritonssil, kombinasi submandibula dan parafaring atau retrofaring. Etiologi tersering infeksi gigi disusul tonsil. Penyakit penyerta tersering yaitu DM. Kuman yang sering ditemukan dari kultur pus adalah Staph. aureus dan Strep. viridians. Kuman dari kultur darah terbanyak Strep. viridians, disusul Kleb. pneumonia, Acinobacter humanii, Staph. haemolyticus. Hasil uji sensitifitas terhadap antibiotik dari kultur pus didapatkan angka sensitif tertinggi adalah Meropenem disusul Ceftriaxone, Cefoperazone-sulbactam dan Cefotaxime. Komplikasi tersering sepsis disusul obstruksi jalan nafas atas dan mediastinitis. Sebanyak 4,87% penderita meninggal.
EKSTRAK DAUN AVICENNIA ALBA DALAM MENCEGAH PENINGKATAN KEASAMAN LAMBUNG MUS MUSCULUS YANG DIINDUKSI ASPIRIN Budianto, Nugroho Eko Wirawan
Jurnal Ilmiah Kedokteran Wijaya Kusuma Vol 8, No 1 (2019): EDISI MARET 2019 (available online since April 2019)
Publisher : Universitas Wijaya Kusuma Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30742/jikw.v8i1.525

Abstract

Daun mangrove diekstrak dengan menggunakan etanol 96% dan dipakai sebagai pencegahan peningkatan asam lambung dengan uji hewan coba Mus musculus. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui potensi ekstrak daun Avicennia alba sebagai pencegahan peningkatan asam lambung karena induksi aspirin, dengan melihat kadar asam bebas, asam total, asam organik dan pH lambung Mus musculus. Metode penelitian Mus musculus dibagi dalam 5 kelompok 1). Kelompok kontrol negatif, 2). Kelompok kontrol positif, 3). 3 Kelompok perlakuan dengan dosis berbeda yaitu ekstrak daun Avicennia alba 1,3 mg/20 g BB, ekstrak daun Avicennia alba 2,6 mg/20 g BB, ekstrak daun Avicennia alba 5,2 mg/20 g BB. Hasil menunjukan bahwa Pemberian ekstrak etanol Avicennia alba P2 yang diberikan secara intra oral mencegah peningkatan kadar asam bebas, asam total, asam organik dan pH asam lambung yang diinduksi oleh aspirin yang diberikan secara intra oral. Kesimpulan penelitian adalah ekstrak etanol Avicennia alba mencegah peningkatan kadar asam bebas, asam total, asam organik dan pH lambung. Ekstrak etanol Avicennia alba 2,6 mg/ 20 g BB merupakan dosis yang dianjurkan
TRAUMA KEPALA PADA ANAK: KLASIFIKASI HINGGA PEMANTAUAN JANGKA PANJANG Erny, Erny; Prasetyo, Okky; Prasetyo, Denny
Jurnal Ilmiah Kedokteran Wijaya Kusuma Vol 8, No 2 (2019): EDISI SEPTEMBER 2019 (available online since Oktober 2019)
Publisher : Universitas Wijaya Kusuma Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30742/jikw.v8i2.620

Abstract

Head trauma in children are frequent caused by falling, games, traffic accidents and more. Not all of head trauma continues to be brain injury. According with this, all of doctor must be able to established the diagnosis and classified head trauma to determine the optimal management and prognosis especially related with problems of brain development after head trauma. Long-term follow up should be done especially in severe and moderate head trauma to early detection any problems about development progress in this child
EFFECT OF MANGOSTEEN’S FRUIT PEEL EXTRACT TOWARD TO TOTAL CHOLESTEROL, LDL, HDL SERUM IN RATS WERE GIVEN BY USED COOKING O Raharjo, Loo Hariyanto; Monica, Monica
Jurnal Ilmiah Kedokteran Wijaya Kusuma Vol 4, No 2 (2015): Edisi Desember 2015
Publisher : Universitas Wijaya Kusuma Surabaya

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Abstract

Waste cooking oil causes increased level of total cholesterol and LDL and decreased level of HDL serum, which became coronary heart disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of mangosteen peels extract, which contain alpha-mangostin (xanthone) to decreased level of total cholesterol and LDL and increased level of HDL in rats exposed to waste cooking oil per oral. This study used true experimental designs with randomized post-test only control group design. This study used thirty rats were dividing into six treatment group, which control with Na-CMC 0,5%, control with extract of mangosteen pericarp at dosages of 800 mg/ kg body weight, exposed to waste cooking oil per oral, and exposed to waste cooking oil per oral with extract of mangosteen pericarp at dosages of 600, 800, and 1000 mg/kg body weight. All groups were given treatment for 12 weeks. After 12 weeks, rats were anesthetized with chloroform for collection of blood by cardiac puncture. Analysis of level of total cholesterol , LDL, and HDL serum with spectrophotometer. From Post Hoc test with Least Significant Differences it was concluded that extract of mangosteen peels can decreased level of total cholesterol and LDL and increased level of HDL serum.
PERANAN BAWANG PUTIH (Allium sativum) TERHADAP HIPERTENSI Darmadi, Darmadi
Jurnal Ilmiah Kedokteran Wijaya Kusuma Vol 1, No 2 (2012): Edisi Oktober 2012
Publisher : Universitas Wijaya Kusuma Surabaya

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Abstract

Bawang putih digunakan dalam pengobatan tradisional terhadap penyakit akut dan kronis selama lebih dari 1.000 tahun. Penelitian pada binatang menunjukkan bawang putih dapat menurunkan tekanan darah, tetapi penelitian pada manusia menunjukkan hasil yang bervariasi. Bawang putih lebih superior daripada plasebo dalam menurunkan tekanan darah pada individu dengan hipertensi. Bawang putih bisa digunakan dalam klinis pada pasien dengan hipertensi ringan. Bawang putih dapat digunakan sebagai bagian dari diet sebagai salah satu strategi tatalaksana hipertensi. Disusunlah artikel yang membahas mengenai peranan bawang putih terhadap hipertensi
RELATIONSHIP OF NUTRITION STATUS WITH METABOLIC SYNDROME PHENOMENON IN AROSBAYA DISTRICT, SABUH VILLAGE BANGKALAN-MADURA Wati, Popy Mega; Ernawati, Ernawati
Jurnal Ilmiah Kedokteran Wijaya Kusuma Vol 5, No 1 (2016): Edisi Maret 2016
Publisher : Universitas Wijaya Kusuma Surabaya

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Abstract

Obesity has become a global problem in the world and showed a sharp upward trend. Coincide with the increasing in obesity, also known as metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a complex metabolic disorder caused by an increasing in obesity. Several  groups of studies suggest that obesity, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia and hypertension are the major component MS. Based on data from Public Health Center in Arosbaya-Bangkalan Madura, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and disorders of lipid metabolism showed a fairly high number of patients in each year. The aim of this research was to analyze the relationship of nutrition status with metabolic syndrome phenomenon in Arosbaya District, Sabuh Village Bangkalan-Madura. This research was an observational study with cross sectional study approach Chi-square statistical test. The samples used were 70 people who are society of Sabuh Village. Variable consists of a Body Mass Index (BMI) as independent variables, and components of the metabolic syndrome that includes waist circumference, fasting blood glucose, triglycerides as the dependent variable. The results showed a significant relationship between nutrition status and some components of the metabolic syndrome (α <0.05). From the analysis it can be concluded that nutrition status has an influence on the phenomenon of metabolic syndrome. Adopting a healthy lifestyle is one of the prevention of obesity and other comorbidities.
EPIDEMIOLOGI, PATHOGENESIS AND RISK FACTOR OF OSTEOARTHRITIS Njoto, Ibrahim
Jurnal Ilmiah Kedokteran Wijaya Kusuma Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Edisi Mei 2013
Publisher : Universitas Wijaya Kusuma Surabaya

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Abstract

Osteoarthritis is the common form of arthritis. Indonesian prevalention of radiologic knee osteoarthritis was 15.5% in man and 12.7% in women. Indonesian prevalention of osteoarthritis was high and need special attention because of the complication which occurred, such as patient handicap and movement problems. While increasing of Indonesian time period of life expentancy caused higher number of osteoarthritis population. According to data of WHO: Indonesian time period of life expentancy was 68 years old at 2009 which asummed follow by one to two million handycap patient. This number getting higher and higher in the future equal with increasing of senille population in Indonesia. Osteoarthritis is caused by multifactorial and chronic progressive disease, so it badly impact to patient morbidity. Pathogenesis of osteoarthritis not clear enough, some scientists declared that osteoarthritis was a degenerative disease and the others declared as an inflamation disease. According to many predispossing factors caused to ostheoarthritis, an adequate prevention was available to depress number of osteoarthritis case in the future. Therefore some continuing study of epidemiology, pathogenesis, risk factors as basic science, to provide development of compact pathogenesis process to support an adequate preventional management in the future.
ROLE IN Obstetric Acupuncture Gondo, Harry Kurniawan
Jurnal Ilmiah Kedokteran Wijaya Kusuma 2009: edisi khusus Desember 2009
Publisher : Universitas Wijaya Kusuma Surabaya

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Abstract

Term " acupuncture" coming from Latin Ianguage “acus” meaning needle, and punctura meaning to be jabed. InChinese, thousands of last year, noted that sore army effect of arrow sometime get over disease they which have suffer during through years. Emerge idea that, by jabing husk certain dot, disease will recover. Chineman start to imitate arrow effect, by jabing husk use needle. Acupuncture represent important shares in traditional medication Chinese, including other technique like "kop", "moxibustion", masase ("Tuina"), and Chinese herb drug. More than 20 the last year of popularitas acupuncture have mounted many shares in all the world. More and more interest to usage of acupuncture in practice midwifery. Organizational Health of World (WHO) express that there are complete evidence which supporting conducive acupuncture therapy effect become important shares in service of health of primary and that acupuncture have to fully integrated with conventional doctor.
USE OF THE BACTERIAL NAMES ANAYSIS ACCORDING TO HISTORICAL AND ETYMOLOGICAL ASPECTS TO FACILITATE THE MEMORIZATION sudibya, akhmad
Jurnal Ilmiah Kedokteran Wijaya Kusuma Vol 3, No 1 (2014): Edisi Maret 2014
Publisher : Universitas Wijaya Kusuma Surabaya

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Abstract

Medical students should know two aspects of every bacterial names. The two aspects are etymological aspect and historical aspect. Knowledge of these aspects would facilitate the students in memorizing bacterial names.
CARDIOVASCULAR ADAPTATION TO PHYSICAL TRAINING kadir, Akmarawita
Jurnal Ilmiah Kedokteran Wijaya Kusuma 2009: edisi khusus Desember 2009
Publisher : Universitas Wijaya Kusuma Surabaya

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Abstract

The purpose of the exercise is to increase strength, endurance, flexibility, agility and speed. These powers relate to the structure and function in the body. If exercise is done regularly and in accordance with the way practice, it is expected that any changes (adaptations) that support the achievement of these forces.

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