cover
Contact Name
-
Contact Email
-
Phone
-
Journal Mail Official
-
Editorial Address
-
Location
Kota bengkulu,
Bengkulu
INDONESIA
Alotrop
Published by Universitas Bengkulu
ISSN : -     EISSN : -     DOI : -
Core Subject : Science,
Jurnal Alotrop adalah majalah ilmiah resmi yang diterbitkan oleh Program Studi Pendidikan Kimia Jurusan Pendidikan MIPA Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan Universitas Bengkulu, sebagai sumbangannya kepada pengembangan Ilmu Kimia dan Pendidikan Kimia yang diterbitkan dalam Bahasa Indonesia yang memuat hasil-hasil penelitian, telaah/tinjauan pustaka, kasus lapangan atau gagasan dalam bidang ilmu Kimia dan Pendidikan Kimia
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 15 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 2, No 1 (2018)" : 15 Documents clear
PENERAPAN MODEL DISCOVERY LEARNING DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN MEDIA VIDEO UNTUK MENINGKATKAN AKTIVITAS BELAJAR DAN HASIL BELAJAR SISWA KELAS XI IPA 1 SMAN 1 KOTA BENGKULU Medianty, Sitti Utami; Bahar, Amrul; Elvinawati, Elvinawati
Alotrop Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

[APPLICATION OF DISCOVERY LEARNING MODEL BY USING VIDEO MEDIA TO INCREASE LEARNING ACTIVITIES AND STUDENT LEARNING RESULT CLASS XI IPA 1 SMAN 1 BENGKULU CITY]. The research has goals to improve the activity and learning outcomes chemistry at XI IPA 1 class in SMA Negeri 1 Bengkulu that consist of 30 students: 23 girls and 7 boys. This study is research of class action on thermochemistry subjects by discovery learning model. This research consist three cycle on four stage: planning, action, absorption, and reflection. The data collected using test and non test that consist of post test and observation sheet of activity teacher and student. The data processed using quantitative simple analysis techniques: average score of observation sheet of activity teacher and student, average score, absorption percentage clasical, andclasssical learning completness percentage. From the reseult, we can conculded that chemistry learning process applying discovery learning model using video can improve activity and outcomes learning chemistry student. It can be see from the average score of students. In the first cycle is 69.33 in which the percentage of classical absorption is 86.67 and classical learning completeness is 66.67. The average score of the second cycle is 71,33 in which the percentage of classical absorption is 89.17 and classical learning completeness is 73.33. The students’ average score of the third cycle is 81.33 in which the percentage of classical absorption is 90.37 and classical learning completeness is 86.67. The teacher’s activities of the learning process in the first cycle get average score 26.5 and it is good category, the second cycle is 27.5 and it is good category, the third cycle is 30 and it is good category too. Meanwhile, the student’s activities in the first cycle get average score 22.5 and it is good category, the second cycle is 25 and it is a good category, the third cycle is 27 and it is good category.
PEMANFAATAN EKSTRAK AIR BUAH Flacourtia inermis Roxb. (LOBI-LOBI) SEBAGAI PENGAWET IKAN LAUT Pribadi, Ade; Nurhamidah, Nurhamidah; Elvinawati, Elvinawati
Alotrop Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

[THE  UTILIZATION OF   Flacourtia inermis Roxb. (LOB-LOBI ) FRUIT WATER EXTRACTS AS A MARINE FISH PRESERVATIVE] This research aims to determine the magnitude of the concentration and the length of time the optimum soaking water extracts of fruit Flacourtia inermis Roxb. (lobi-lobi ) as well as measuring its potential for use as a preservative in marine fish. Sample marine fish used is Kerapu Macan (Epinephelus fuscogultatus). The concentration of water extract from the fruit of F.inermis Roxb  is at levels at 10, 20, 30 and 40% with soaking time each at 1, 2 and 3 hours for any variation of the concentration. Observation of the level of the fish freshness is done with a variety of storage time of 12, 18, and 24 hours at room temperature to any variation of the concentration of extract and soaking time. The parameters used in determining the level of the freshness of the sample fish is a rate of Total Volatile Bases (TVB), moisture content, and pH. The results of the research done indicate that extracts water from the fruit of F.inermis Roxb L are potential for use as a preservative of marine fish based on the values of pH and the levels of TVB. The most optimum concentration and soaking time in Kerapu Macan fish preserve during its storage was soaking with a concentration of 30% for 1 hour, i.e., able to withstand the pace of the decline of the quality of the Kerapu Macan sample for 18 hours at room temperature: with the pH 6.7 and fish TVBvalue at 29.4 mgN/100 g.
PEMBUATAN DAN KARAKTERISASI METIL SELULOSA DARI BONGGOL DAN KULIT NANAS (Ananas comosus) Rahmidar, Lena; Wahidiniawati, Seruni; Sudiarti, Tety
Alotrop Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

[MAKING AND CHARACTERIZATION OF CELLULOSE METHOD OF BONGGOL AND LEATHER LEATHER (Ananas comosus)] Wastes of core and  peel of pineapple are often not utilized properly, in fact the waste has nutritional content that can be useful. Carbohydrate content in the waste is large enough and allows to be utilized. The purpose of this research is for converting glucose into cellulose and synthesized into methylcellulose. The first stage is glucose from core and peel of pineapple converted into microbial cellulose with Acetobacter xylinum bacteria with the addition of nitrogen and carbon sources. The second stage is synthesis of methylcellulose with methylene chloride and the solvent aquadest/acetone. The dried microbial cellulose was firstly swelled with NaOH addition, then methylation by addition of solvent and methylene chloride and then refluxed at 50-60. Then methyl cellulose neutralized, washed and dried at 50.The FTIR results showed typical cellulose uptake for cellulose microbial pineapple core at wave number 3377.36 cm-1 for OH bonds and 2935.66 cm-1 for CH bonds and in cellulose microbialpineapple peel at wave number 3377.36 cm-1 for OH bonds and 2935.66 cm-1 for the CH bonds. The ratio OH/CH of methyl cellulose-acetone has a smaller value in the core and peel of pineapple concluded that acetone is more efficient to use as a solvent at the methylation. The substitution value of the core and peel of pineapple skin is estimated to below based on the solubility test results.
ANALISIS KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR KRITIS MATA PELAJARAN KIMIA PADA SISWAKELAS XI IPA SMAN 1 KEPAHIANG Yunita, Selly; Rohiat, Salastri; Amir, Hermansyah
Alotrop Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

[ANALYSIS OF THE CRITICAL THINKING ABILITY FROM CHEMICAL SUBJECTS IN STUDENTS OF CLASS XI IPA SMAN 1 KEPAHIANG] This research aims to know the critical thinking ability of students. Type of this research is descriptive research using quantitative methods. This research was carried out in SMA Negeri 1 Kepahiang on September 2 to 8 may in 2017. The population in this research is the entire class XI IPA are registered on the even-numbered school year 2016/2017 semester. As the samples are taken at class XI IPA 6 of 32 participants.  Data collection is done with the test in the form of reserved descriptions as much as 10 round the whole includes indicators of critical thinking from the taxonomy of Bloom that is level (C2) understand (C3), apply (C4), analyzing and evaluating (C5). Test results obtained from the analysis of results the percentage of students with the ability to answer a question of thinking very critically at 15,6%, quite critical at 53,2 %, and less critical at 31,2 %, with an average value of 61.81. From the average of the values obtained showed that students who have average value included in the category of being. Based on the analysis of the data collected can be inferred levels of critical thinking ability of the students in class XI IPA 6 SMA Negeri 1 Kepahiang at school 2016/2017 academic year can be grouped in a category group are of 53,2 %, middle , 15,6 %  at high group and 31,2 % at low groups. From the results, it can be concluded that overall students in grades at  XI IPA 6 SMA Negeri 1 Kepahiang even 2016/2017 academic year with the ability to enough think critically.
PENENTUAN PARAMETER ADSORPSI SILIKA SINTETIK DARI CANGKANG KELAPA SAWIT TERHADAP KANDUNGAN AMMONIUM PADA LIMBAH CAIR TAHU Karimullah, Rizki; Elvia, Rina; Amir, Hermansyah
Alotrop Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

[DETERMINATION OF SYNTHETIC SILICA ADSORPTION PARAMETERS OF OIL PALM SHELLS AGAINST THE CONTENT OF AMMONIUM ON LIQUID TOFU WASTE] This research aims to determine adsorption capacity of synthetic silica synthesized from Palm Oil (Elaeis guineensis Jacq) shells ashes against the content of Ammonium on tofu liquid waste . The shell sample soaked in a solution of HCl 10% for 2 hours, charred at a temperature of  300 °C for 3 hours ago ashed at 600 °C for 2 hours. Then ash soaked with HCl 1.2 M for 24 hours.  Taken 120 g of ash shells and then mixed right while heated with 160 mL 4 M NaOH. The residue obtained is heated at a temperature of 5000 °C  for 30 minutes, cooled to room temperature and retrieved the Na2SiO3 particle.The particle then  dissolved into 200 ml aquademin and settled at 12 hours, filtered and filtratnya ditetesi with HCL 1 M while stirring, until the white gel is formed and settled in the next 24 hours, filtered, and dried at a temperature of 120 °C for 2 hours, an silica powder obtained as result.  Ammonium Adsorption is done with mass variation 0125, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, and 1 g silica as well as variations of the contact time of 15, 30, 60, 90, and 120 minutes. The results showed Ammonium adsorption at tofu liquid waste by silica synthesis from the Palm Oil shell ashes occurs with a maximum mass of 0.25 g and optimum contact time of 30 minutes with a capacity of adsorption of 2.581 mg/L and 3,154 mg/L as well as with adsorption efficiency at  61.9% and 76.8%.
MENGGUNAKAN MEDIA INTERNET DOCS.GOOGLE PADA POKOK BAHASAN REAKSI REDOKS KELAS X IPA DI SMAN 4 KOTA BENGKULU Parade, Aang; Handayani, Dewi; Sumpono, Sumpono
Alotrop Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

[USING THE DOCS. GOOGLE INTERNET MEDIA ON THE REDOX REACTION  SUBJECT IN CLASS X IPA SMAN 4 BENGKULU CITY  ] This research aims to know the results of learning: students in the class who are not given the preparation of learning at home, knowing the results of the teaching of students in a given grade of preparatory study at home using internet media, knowing the Docs. Google the difference in the results of student learning in the classroom are not given preparation home study with the results of a survey of students in a provided a homework preparatory sign Docs. Google internet media. The methods used in this research was quasi-experimental research is the entire population with grade X IPA SMAN 4 city of Bengkulu, Sample research, i.e., class experiments and classroom control. The results of the study in this research result of students pretest and posttest. Based on the results of the research conducted in mind that there is a significant difference between the results from student learning in the classroom are not given preparation home study with the results of a survey of students in a given a homework preparation home study using internet media Docs. Google via t-tests using SPSS 16 program. The learning outcomes of students in a given grade of preparatory education at home using Google Docs. Indicates the average rating of 77.0 while learning results of students in the class who are not given a homework preliminary with the average value of 68.6. Student Learning Outcomes in a given class homework preparation using Docs. Google may provide better results on the subject of redox reactions.
POTENSI EKSTRAK METABOLIT SEKUNDER Eugenia uniflora L. SEBAGAI BAHAN PENGAWET TAHU Tria, Genesis; Nurhamidah, Nurhamidah; Amir, Hermansyah
Alotrop Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

[POTENTIAL OF Eugenia uniflora L SECONDARY METABOLITES EXTRACT AS A TOFU PRESERVATIVE]. The purpose of this research is to know the secondary metabolite compounds from the Eugenia uniflora L (Dewandaru) fruit extracts , as well as to measure the potential of water extract from the fruit of E. uniflora L for the use in the tofu preserve as well as measure the impact of the addition of water extract of the fruit of E. uniflora L against moisture, pH, protein on tofu. The process of preserving test against tofu on the research done by soaking time at 2, 3 and 4 hour with each variation of the concentration of extract at  10, 15 and 20% as well as the observation time at 24 and 48 hours for each treatment.The result of the test water extract of the fruit of the phytochemical profile E. uniflora L showed the content of alkaloids, flavonoids, phenolic , saponins and steroid compounds. Test results from the granting of water extract from the fruit of E.uniflora L in the preserve of tofu with the variation of concentration and soaking time is proven to affect the value of water content, pH, and protein on tofu that was tested.The results of the research done indicate that the granting of a water extract of the fruit of E.uniflora L proven useful to be used as a natural preservative for tofu at 24 hours with a 20% concentration and a soaking time at 2 and 3 hours. From the results, it can be concluded that water extracts from the fruit of E.uniflora L. potential to be used as a natural preservative for tofu.
EKSPERIMEN KINETIKA ENZIM MENGGUNAKAN MODEL INKUIRI TERBIMBING UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KETRAMPILAN BERPIKIR KREATIF MAHASISWA Amida, Nadia; Supriyanti, F.M. Titin; Liliasari, Liliasari
Alotrop Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

[EXPERIMENT OF ENZYME KINETICS USING GUIDED INQUIRY MODEL FOR ENHANCING CREATIVE THINGKING SKILLS] Purpose of this study was enhancing creative thinking skills of students using guided inquiry model through experiments of enzyme kinetics based on local materials. Method of this research was quasi-experimental methods, with pretest-posttest nonequivalent control group design. Subjects of this study were chemistry students enrolled in biochemistry lab course, consisted of 18 students in the experimental class and 19 students in control class. Instrument in this study were essay test that involves 3 indikators of creative thinking  skills (i.e. fluency, flexibility, and elaboration) and also student worksheets. The results showed that the experiments of kinetics enzyme  using guided inquiry model have been enhance creative thinking skills in medium category with a value of N-gain average of 0.66. Two indikators classified in the high category are fluency and elaborationwith the value of N-gain 0,71. Meanwhile, indikator of flexibility in the medium category with a value of N-gain 0,56.
KARAKTERISASI ISOTERM ADSORPSI DARI ION LOGAM BESI (Fe) PADA TANAH DI KOTA BENGKULU Apriyanti, Hesti; Candra, I Nyoman; Elvinawati, Elvinawati
Alotrop Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

[CHARACTERIZATION OF THE  ADSORPTION FROM IRON METAL IONS ISOTHERM ON THE SOIL IN BENGKULU CITY] Level of micronutrient elements Fe takes part in determining the fertility rate of agricultural land. Continuous oxidation of Fe the soil will cause soil poisoning, due to the soil saturated in absorb of Fe. This research aims to determine the characteristics of the soil, adsorption and its ability in absorption isotherm on  Fe metal. Soil samples were taken from the farm in the city of Bengkulu. The characteristics of the soil tested, i.e., water content, pH, and soil type. Adsorption isotherm type is a determination as Langmuir or  Freundlich isotherm. Soil sample after it is dried and cleaned and then milled and sieved at 100 mesh sieve. Moisture content is measured by dried in an oven for 24 hours and the measurement of the difference between the initial and the final weight of the soil. Determination of soil pH is measured by the pH meter on the CaCl2, and soil type is determined by calculating the percentage of sand, silt, and clay from the soil. Maximum adsorption capacity is determined from Fe adsorption isotherm after getting the pH, the weight of adsorbent and optimum contact time. Adsorption Isotherm was determined by adsorption of aqueous Fe variation at the concentration of  2.5; 5; 10; 15; 20; and 25 ppm on optimum pH and weight, and stirred at an optimum contact time, then filtered and measured its absorbance with UV-Vis spectrophotometer. Results of research results in the form of moisture content average 23.5%, soil pH value at 5 and soil type, i.e., dusty clay with the dominant form of Isotherm adsorption is a Freundlich isotherm, and the capacity of soil in adsorbing of iron on this research obtained is amounting to 45.6.
SINTESIS DAN KARAKTERISASI XEROGEL HASIL KOPRESIPITASI DARI PASIR PANTAI PANJANG BENGKULU Meyori, Finni; Elvia, Rina; Candra, I Nyoman
Alotrop Vol 2, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

[SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF XEROGEL RESULTS OF COPRECIPITATION OF LONG BEACH BENGKULU BEACH].  This research aims to synthesize and characterization to  Xerogel which synthesizes from Pantai Panjang  sands Bengkulu. The method used for this study to synthesizes Xerogel is to use the coprecipitation method. Qualitative XRF test against raw sand  materials that were used show that the content of the element is the most significant element of Si. The first  stages of the synthesis of Xerogel is a purification of the sand sample..  Xerogel synthesis is carried out in two phases, namely the manufacture of aqueous solutions of Sodium Silicate and continued with the formation of a gel. The production of Sodium Silicate solution is done using the NaOH concentration at 5, 6 and 7 M.  Gel formation process is done by adding a solution of HCl 10 M into the solution of Sodium Silicate, followed by process of filtration, washing and drying in the oven. The results showed that the optimum conditions of synthesis of Xerogel   obtained  using 6 M NaOH  , with a yield obtained is amounting at 0.8%. The results of the test by XRD shows that the silica crystal structure  on Xerogel  are amorphous-shaped. SEM-EDS test results show that the acquired  Xerogel on research has a smooth texture and size is not homogeneous with the highest content of elements are the elements Si and O.  PSA test shows that particle size in Xerogel an average at 191.4 nm. 

Page 1 of 2 | Total Record : 15