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Contact Name
Muhammad Rizki Ashari
Contact Email
Aiiyrizki@yahoo.com
Phone
+628114444709
Journal Mail Official
herawantosamad@gmail.com
Editorial Address
-
Location
Kota palu,
Sulawesi tengah
INDONESIA
Preventif: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat
Published by Universitas Tadulako
ISSN : 20883536     EISSN : 25283375     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health, Engineering,
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Tadulako merupakan jurnal ilmiah untuk menerbitkan hasil riset terbaru dalam bidang kesehatan masyarakat yaitu: Adminisitrasi dan Kebijakan Kesehatan, Epidemiologi, Promosi Kesehatan, Kesehatan Lingkungan, Kesehatan dan Keselamatan Kerja, Kesehatan Reproduksi, Biostatistik dan Kependudukan Gizi masyarakat
Articles 68 Documents
Utilization Of Healthcare Services To General Patient At Inpatient Unit of Anutapura General Hospital, Palu City Fausiah, Fausiah
Preventif: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 10, No 1 (2019): Juni
Publisher : Tadulako University

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Abstract

The number of inpatient visits in RSU Anutapura Palu, where in 2015 inpatient visits of 5,640, then in 2016 patient visits decreased to 5,451, in 2017 also decreased to 3,999 and in 2018 also decreased Drastic to 1,146 patient visits. This research aims to determine the utilization of health services in patients in general hospitalization in RSU Anutapura Palu. This type of research is quantitative descriptive. Research was conducted from May-June 2019. The population in the study is a visitor (number of hospitalizations) at the General Hospital (RSU) Anutapura Palu. In this case the people who use health services in the General Hospital (RSU) Anutapura Palu recorded as many as 1,146 visitors (patients) in the year 2018. Primary data collection is through questionnaires and secondary data through the study of patient record documents and other supporting documents. The utilization of health services in patients in general hospitalization in RSU Anutapura Palu is well from the aspects of health beliefs, abilities and needs. RSU Anutapura Palu is expected to be able to improve the promotion of health services so that people use the health services provided.  
Factors that are Related to the Prevention of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) in South Birobuli Rau, Muhammad Jusman; Soraya, Nadia; Pitriani, Pitriani
Preventif: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 10, No 2 (2019): Desember
Publisher : Tadulako University

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Abstract

Demam Berdarah Dengue merupakan masalah kesehatan yang berjangkit di daerah tropis seperti Indonesia. Data Sulawesi Tengah tahun 2017 kasus DBD tertinggi adalah Kota Palu dengan 401 kasus dan Incidance Rate sebesar 103,95/100.000 penduduk dengan CFR sebesar 0,49% dan IR yang masih di atas indikator nasional yaitu 52/100.000 penduduk. Tahun 2017 kejadian DBD di Kelurahan Birobuli Selatan dilaporkan berjumlah 26 kasus DBD dengan 1 orang meninggal. Perkembangan penyakit ini sangat cepat dan menyebabkan kematian dalam waktu yang singkat, salah satu faktor yang menyebabkan kasus DBD adalah perubahan iklim. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui Faktor-faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Upaya Pencegahan DBD di Kelurahan Birobuli Selatan. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah Kepala Keluarga yang berjumlah 1.999 KK menggunakan rumus lameshow diperoleh jumlah sampel 92 KK yang diambil masing-masing RW teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan proportional stratified random sampling dan menggunakan uji chi-square. Analisis data dilakukan secara univariat dan bivariat pada derajat kepercayaan 95% (α=0,05). Hasil menunjukkan pengetahuan (p=0,021), Sikap (p=0,003), Sarana (p=0,000) dan Peran Petugas kesehatan (p= 0,000), berhubungan dengan Upaya Pencegahan DBD. Di harapkan pengelola program P2 dipuskesmas dapat meningkatkan penyuluhan mengenai upaya pencegahan DBD melalui pemberantasan sarang nyamuk seperti pelaksanaan 3M plus secara teratur dan berkesinambungan sehingga masyarakat mampu mandiri dan rutin melakukan upaya pencegahan demam dengue.
THE EVALUATION OF TREATMENT PROFILE, COSTS AND CLINICAL OUTCOME USE OF HUMAN INSULIN AND ANALOGUE OF DM TYPE 2 BPJS PATIENT AT RSUD PASAR REBO IN PERIODE 0F 2016—2017 Sari, Dwi Puspita; Anggriani, Yusi; L, Dian Ratih
Preventif: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 10, No 1 (2019): Juni
Publisher : Tadulako University

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Abstract

ABSTRAK Diabetes Melitus (DM) merupakan sekelompok penyakit metabolik dengan karakteristik terjadinya peningkatan kadar gula darah (hiperglikemi), yang terjadi akibat kelainan sekresi insulin, aktivitas insulin dan keduanya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui outcome klinis dan profil pengobatan pasien DM di RSUD Pasar Rebo serta mengetahu perbandingan biaya pengobatan DMT2 antara pasien yang menggunakan insulin manusia dan insulin analog. Analisis ini menggunakan variabel independen yaitu insulin manusia tunggal, insulin manusia + oral DM, insulin manusia + analog + oral DM, insulin analog tunggal, dan insulin analog + oral DM. Variabel dependennya adalah outcome klinis yaitu GDP, GDPP dan HBA1C. Sampel penelitian ini adalah pasien dengan diagnosa DMT2 rawat jalan dengan terapi insulin, baik insulin analog dan insulin manusia pada periode Januari 2016?Desember 2017 dengan jaminan BPJS dan minimum tiga kali kunjungan selama dua tahun di RSUD Pasar Rebo. Perhitungan minimum sampel berdasarkan rumus Krejcie-Morgan. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan formulir yang menunjukan hasil terapi dengan nilai GDP, GDPP dan HBA1C, formulir yang menunjukan profil pengobatan DM, Non DM dan Insulin, dan formulin profil biaya. Metode statistik yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah uji statistik non-parametrik Kruskal Wallis. Hasil penelitian menunjukan profil pengobatan berdasarkan jenisnya penggunaan insulin analog pada tahun 2016 sampai 2017 sebesar (44,6%) bila dibandingkan dengan insulin manusia yang hanya (9,8%). Penggunaan insulin short acting pada tahun 2016 sebesar 39,5% sedangkan tahun 2017 lebih banyak sebesar 55,8%. Insulin dengan merk Lantus paling banyak digunakan pada tahun 2016 sebesar 42,36% dan Humulin R terbesar pada tahun 2017 sebanyak 36,68%. Secara outcome klinis penggunaan kelima jenis insulin memberikan perbedaan yang signifikan terhadap nilai HBA1C namun hanya pada jenis insulin manusia+ADO saja yang dapat memberikan perbedaan pada nilai GDPP. Rata-rata biaya insulin paling murah adalah jenis insulin manusia+ADO yaitu sebesar Rp 588.541,-Kata kunci : DMT2, Insulin Analog, Insulin Manusia,  BPJS, Pasien Rawat Jalan,  Outcome Klinis ABSTRACTDiabetes Mellitus (DM) is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by an increase in blood sugar levels (hyperglicemia), which occurs due to abnormal insulin secretion and insulin activity or both. This study aims to determine the clinical outcome and treatment profile of Diabetes Mellitus patients in Pasar Rebo Hospital and to know the cost comparison of  DMT2 treatment between patients using human insulin and analog insulin. This analysis uses independent variables such as single human insulin, human insulin + oral DM, human insulin + analog + oral DM, single analog insulin, and insulin analog + oral DM. The dependent variables are clinical outcomes such as GDP, GDPP and HBA1C. The sample of this study were outpatient patients diagnosed with DMT2 with insulin therapy, both insulin analog and human insulin in the period of January 2016 to December 2017 with BPJS guarantee and a minimum of three visits over two years in Pasar Rebo Hospital. The minimum sample calculation is based on the Krejcie-Morgan formula. Data collection is done by using a form that shows the results of therapy with GDP, GDPP and HBA1C, a form that shows the treatment profile of DM, Non DM and Insulin, and the cost profile form. The statistical method used in this study was the Kruskal Wallis non-parametric statistical test. The results showed that the treatment profile based on its type of analog insulin use in 2016 and 2017 amounted to (44,6%) when compared to human insulin which was only (9,8%). The use of short-acting insulin in 2016 was (39,5%) while in 2017 it was more than (55,8%). Lantus insulin the most used brand in 2016 was (42,36%) and Humulin R was most used in 2017 with (36,68%). In clinical outcome of the use of the five types of insulin gives a significant difference to the value of HBA1C but only in the type of human insulin + ADO can make a difference in the value of GDPP. The lowest average cost of insulin is a type of human insulin + ADO that is Rp. 588,541.- Keywords : Diabetes Melitus, Analog Insulin, Human Insulin, BPJS, Outpatients, Clinical Outcomes
The Satisfaction Of Jkn Participants Using The Indicator Of Hospital Consumer Assesment Of Healthcare Providers And System (HCAHPS) At Undata General Hospital Pare Layuk, Debertus Barrang
Preventif: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 10, No 1 (2019): Juni
Publisher : Tadulako University

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Abstract

Based on the Regulation of the Minister of Health of the Republic of Indonesia number: 129 / Menkes / Sk / II / 2008 concerning hospital minimum service standards (SPM) regarding inpatient satisfaction has a standard of> 90%. While for the BPJS patient satisfaction standard based on the JKN road map BPJS patient satisfaction> 75. The purpose of this study was to determine the Satisfaction of JKN Participants About the Quality of Health Services Using HCAHPS Indicators in the Inpatient Installation of Central Sulawesi Province Hospital. This type of quantitative research with a descriptive approach. The population in the study amounted to 7,083 respondents and the sampling used probability sampling with a total sample of 95 respondents. The results showed JKN participants' satisfaction with the HCAHPS method as follows: doctor's communication dimensions, satisfied (85.5%) and dissatisfied (10.5%). Dimensions of communication of nurses, satisfied (88.4%) and not satisfied (11.6%). Dimensions of the hospital environment, satisfied (84.2%) and dissatisfied (15.8%). Dimensions of pain management, satisfied (83.2%) and dissatisfied (16.8%). Dimensions of treatment communication, satisfied (83.2%) and dissatisfied (16.8%). Dimensions of recommendations to friends and family recommend (91.6%) and not recommend (8.4%). In conclusion, JKN participants were satisfied with all HCAHPS components studied. 
The Relationship Of The Climate Change Factor With The Event Of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever In Palu City 2013-2017 Rau, Muhammad Jusman; komaria, Siti; Pitriani, Pitriani
Preventif: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 10, No 2 (2019): Desember
Publisher : Tadulako University

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Abstract

Temperature, rainfall and relative humidity are considered important climatic factors that contribute to the growth and spread of mosquito vectors and potential dengue outbreaks. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of air temperature, humidity, and rainfall with the incidence of DHF in the city of Palu in 2013-2017. This type of research is quantitative with correlation design. The sampling technique uses total sampling. The data source uses secondary data, namely the number of DHF events from the Palu City Health Office and climate data from the Mutiara Palu Meteorological Station. Data analysis using Pearson correlation test, the results of the study showed the strength of the temperature relationship with the incidence of DHF was very weak (r = -0.087), negative patterned and there was no significant relationship (ρ = 0.253). The strength of the humidity relationship with the incidence of DHF was very weak (r = 0.029), positive patterned and there was no significant relationship (ρ = 0.412). The relationship strength of rainfall with the incidence of DHF was very weak (r = 0.001), positive patterned and there was no significant relationship (ρ = 0.496). The conclusion was not found a meaningful relationship between the variables of temperature, humidity, and rainfall with the incidence of DHF. To overcome the DHF incident, it is expected that the Palu City Health Office can increase efforts to control DHF by increasing environmental improvement by running programs such as 3M Plus, Mosquito Nest Eradication (PSN), Abatization, and fogging. 
The Relationship of Marketing Mix With Patient Loyalty At Inpatient Unit Of Undata General Hospital Hapsa, Hapsa
Preventif: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 10, No 1 (2019): Juni
Publisher : Tadulako University

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Abstract

Hospital is an individual health care institution plenary, bused on continuous improvement in service quality and active marketing management. The marketing mix consists of 7P namely product, price, place, promotion, people, process, and physical evidence. The (RSUD) Undata Central Sulawesi Province is a referral hospital  where the number  of general patient visits  in  the inpatient unit has decreased over the past 3 years, indicating a decrease in patient loyalty. This study aims to determine the relationship of marketing mix with patient loyalty in the inpatient unit of the regional general hospital (RSUD) Undata Central Sulawesi  Province.  The  research  method  used  is  quantitative  with  a  cross sectional approach. The population is all inpatients of the undata general hospital which number 1.255 sampling technique was proportional stratified sampling. Data analysis used in this study is univariate and bivariate analysis with a value of p≤0,05. The results show that there is a marketing mix relationship product (p=0,000), price (p=0,002), place (p=0,001), promotion (p=0,000), people (p=0,000), process (p=0,000), and physical evidence (p=0,018) with patient loyalty in the inpatient unit of the regional general hospital undata in palu. It is expected that the (RSUD) Undata Palu will further improve the quality of its marketing  mix  in  SDM  professionalisme,  service  speed,  physical quality,  and hospital equipment. 
Physical Potential Hazards On The Palm Oil Processing Of PT Perkebunan Nusantara VII 2019 Ikhssani, Agung
Preventif: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 10, No 2 (2019): Desember
Publisher : Tadulako University

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Abstract

Identification of potential hazards is the basis of modern occupational safety management and hazards can threaten whenever and wherever including the agricultural sector. To develop the economic strength of the agricultural sector, it is necessary to increase productivity. One way that can be done is to increase employee productivity through the Employee Safety and Health program. The purpose of this study was to determine the potential physical hazards in the PPKS PTPN VII Bekri Business Unit. This type of research is interviews and observations that aim to find an overview of the assessment of physical potential hazards in the palm oil processing PT. Perkebunan Nusantara VII Bekri business unit. The physical potential hazards found in the Palm Oil Processing Plant (PPKS) are the potential hazards of noise generated by machines> 85dB, hot working climate inside the factory, vibrations from the processing process, and improper lighting in the factory. Physical potential hazards contained in the PPKS unit are auditory and non-auditory disturbances on the dangers posed by noise, headaches and dehydration as well as attacks that can arise due to heat, discomfort due to inappropriate lighting resulting in potential work accidents and the appearance of musculoskeletaldisorders due to a potential vibration hazard  
Dimensions of Health Service Quality at the Prison Polyclinic Class II A in Palu City Valerian, Ivel
Preventif: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 10, No 1 (2019): Juni
Publisher : Tadulako University

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Abstract

Prisoner services are services related to the implementation of prisoners' rights and obligations in the form of care, coaching, education and guidance. Health services at the Class II A Prison Polyclinic in Palu do not have a health practice permit and only have 5 nurses and 1 dentist.The aim of this study was todetermine the service quality of the Class II A Lapis Polyclinic in Palu. This type of research is quantitative with a descriptive survey approach. The sample in this study were 120 patients who visited the Polyclinic. Sampling used the Accidental Sampling method. Data collected using questionnare. The data obtained were analyzed statistically using univariate analysis. Research results from the dimensions of reliability 86.7% of respondents said well and 13.3% of respondents stated that it was not good, from the dimension of responsiveness 88.3% of respondents said good and 11.7% of respondents stated that it was not good, from the dimensions assurance (guarantee) 85% of respondents stated that good and 15% of respondents stated that it was not good, from the dimensions of empathy (empathy) 94.2% of respondents said good and 5.8% of respondents said it was not good, and from the tangible dimension (physical evidence) 90, 8% of respondents said good and 9.2% of respondents said it was not good. The conclusion of the study, from the service quality at Class II A Prison Polyclinic in Palu based on the SERVQUAL model can be said to be good. Suggestion is to maintain and improve the quality of service from each quality dimension so that it can meet the needs of patients.     
The Relationship Of Demand Utilization Of Health Service With Patient Satisfaction At Inpatient Care Unit Of Anuntaloko General Hospital Oktania, Dwi Sitti
Preventif: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 10, No 1 (2019): Juni
Publisher : Tadulako University

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Abstract

Hospital is a comprehensive form of health service institution, includes aspects of promotive, preventive, curative and rehabilitation, as well as a public health referral center. Demand on healthcare service theory consists of revenue, visit cost and  service quality. Anuntaloko Regional General Hospital Parigi Moutong Regency is a referral center and regionalization hospital in Central Sulawesi Province, which the number of visits in 2016 to 2018 in a row were 19.186, 10.971 and 12.954. The study was purposed to determined Relation Between Requests for Use of Health Service and Patient Satisfaction on Inpatient Care Unit at Anuntaloko Regional General Hospital Parigi Moutong Regency. This was a quatitative analysis research with the cross sectional study approach. The population was patients on Inpatient Care Unit of Anuntaloko Regional General Hospital which amounted to 12.954 sampels and through purposive sampling technique. Data was analyzed univariate and bivariate variables using Chi-Square Test. The results showed that there are relation between revenue (p=0,002), visit cost (p=0,002) and service quality (p=0,000) with patients satisfaction on Inpatient Care Unit at Anuntaloko Regional General Hospital Parigi Moutong Regency. The Anuntaloko Regional General Hospital Parigi Moutong Regency is expected to observe routinly so that maintaining the service quality of the good things and improving the service quality of the lack variabels.  
Factors Associated with Occupational Accidents to Nurses in Emergency Room of Anutapura General Hospital Palu City Salmawati, Lusia; Rasul, Muh.; Napirah, Muhammad Ryman
Preventif: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 10, No 2 (2019): Desember
Publisher : Tadulako University

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Abstract

The IGD room is a unit that deals directly with the patient for 24 hours a day. Workload and high stress levels in the face of critical conditions require nurses to work quickly and appropriately. Based on data from the preliminary study of the researchers, nurses working in the Emergency Installation Room (IGD) Anutapura Palu General Hospital are 31 nurses, aged between 23-45 years with an average work period of 7 years and the majority male. The data of accidents cases were 81 cases in bracket within 3 months (January-March 2016), and most cases were found in room of IUG Anutapura Palu RSU with 19 cases. The purpose of research to determine the factors associated with the incidence of occupational accidents in nurses in the Emergency Room of Anutapura Palu General Hospital. This research is a kind of quantitative analytic research with Cross Sectional design. Population in this research is all nurses who work in Emergency Room of Anutapura Palu General Hospital that amount 31 people, sampling with technique Total Sampling. The results of the study were age (p = 0,002), sex (p = 0,019), use of APD (p = 0,007), regulation (p = 0,006), training (p = 0,007), supervision (p = 0,006) . However there is no working period relationship (p = 0,083) with Work Accident. It is expected that the management of the hospital to improve the quality of training and supervision and reinforce the rules that have been made by giving heavy sanctions to workers who get violated the rules.