cover
Contact Name
Andri Restiyadi
Contact Email
sangkhakala.balarsumut@kemdikbud.go.id
Phone
+6282160904164
Journal Mail Official
-
Editorial Address
Balai Arkeologi Sumatera Utara Jalan Seroja Raya, Gang Arkeologi No. 1, Tanjung Selamat, Medan Tuntungan, Medan 20134
Location
Kota medan,
Sumatera utara
INDONESIA
Berkala Arkeologi SANGKHAKALA
ISSN : 14103974     EISSN : 25808907     DOI : -
Core Subject : Humanities, Art,
"SANGKHAKALA" refers to the shell horns that blown regularly to convey certain messages. In accordance with the meaning, this journal expected to become an instrument in the dissemination of archaeological information to the public which is published on an ongoing basis. Berkala Arkeologi Sangkhakala is a peer-reviewed journal published biannual by the Balai Arkeologi Sumatera Utara in May and November. The first edition was published in 1997 and began to be published online in an e-journal form using the Open Journal System tool in 2015. Berkala Arkeologi Sangkhakala aims to publish research papers, reviews and studies covering the disciplines of archeology, anthropology, history, ethnography, and culture in general.
Articles 220 Documents
TRANSFORMASI ARKEOLOGI PERAHU KUNO DI PESISIR PANTAI TIMUR SUMATERA Purnawibowo, Stanov
Berkala Arkeologi Sangkhakala Vol. 8 No. 17 (2006)
Publisher : Balai Arkeologi Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1688.143 KB) | DOI: 10.24832/bas.v8i17.338

Abstract

The transformation process of archaeological data which foundon “sampan sudur” artifact in Terjun River and Padang River isthe Natural Transformation. It is said that the “sampan sudur” isnot in use now by its material cultural support.
BATU NISAN LAMREH TIPE ‘PLANGPLENG’ Satria, Dedy
Berkala Arkeologi Sangkhakala Vol. 22 No. 2 (2019)
Publisher : Balai Arkeologi Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (4145.704 KB) | DOI: 10.24832/bas.v22i2.407

Abstract

Plangpleng type tombstone is a very distinctive shape. Sculpture style is the main characteristic of this type of tombstone. That makes it different from other tombstones in Lamreh. Forms of local and foreign motifs from different cultural backgrounds and belief systems. This is a character that reflects a 'mixed' society at the beginning of the development of Islam in Aceh Besar and Banda Aceh. This tombstone is a very important marker as the initial evidence of the presence of Muslim communities along the coast of Aceh Besar and Banda Aceh. As an art object, it has been a human work of the past, and is evidence of the culmination of the achievement of cultural development in an ancient society in Aceh Besar known as the 'Lamuri community’.
ANALISIS PEMANGKU KEPENTINGAN PADA TINGGALAN ARKEOLOGI BAWAH AIR DI DESA BERAKIT Purnawibowo, Stanov
Berkala Arkeologi Sangkhakala Vol. 22 No. 1 (2019)
Publisher : Balai Arkeologi Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3415.703 KB) | DOI: 10.24832/bas.v22i1.398

Abstract

The stakeholder analysis on the underwater archeological relics of Berakit village is an integrated part of the Research Program of Balai Arkeologi Medan, North Sumatra, entitled The Archeological Survey on the North Coast of Bintan Island, Bintan Regency, Riau Islands Province, that is conducted in 2018 in Berakit Village, Teluk Sebong District, Bintan Regency. The raised issue is the potential management of underwater relics in Berakit Village based on its stakeholder analysis. This study aims to obtain the policy of underwater archeological relics management based on the potential conflict that occurs among the stakeholders. The applied methods are in-depth interviews and Focused Group Discussion (FGD) with the stakeholders related to the underwater archeological relics in the research location. The stakeholders are classified into three groups, i.e. government, society, and academics. Issues on the underwater archeological relic management that give general descriptions about the potential conflicts of that archeological relic management are raised in the in-depth interviews and FGD. The potential is then analyzed using one of the conflict-analysis tools, i.e. onion analysis. The result of the stakeholder analysis shows a common need that becomes the knot of the conflict, i.e. the land utilization.
KEBERADAAN PRASASTI DALAM KONTEKS KEPURBAKALAAN HINDU-BUDDHA DI PADANG LAWAS, SUMATERA UTARA Nasoichah, Churmatin
Berkala Arkeologi Sangkhakala Vol. 21 No. 2 (2018)
Publisher : Balai Arkeologi Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (573.689 KB) | DOI: 10.24832/bas.v21i2.362

Abstract

Pada tahun 2018, Balai Arkeologi Sumatera Utara melakukan survei arkeologi dan menemukan 1 (satu) buah prasasti bernama Prasasti Bahagas. Adapun Permasalahannya adalah apakah makna keberadaan Prasasti Bahagas bagi kesejarahan di kawasan kepurbakalaan Hindu-Buddha Padang Lawas, Sumatera Utara? Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui makna keberadaan Prasasti Bahagas bagi kesejarahan di kawasan kepurbakalaan Hindu-Buddha Padang Lawas, Sumatera Utara. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode penelitian kualitatif dan bersifat deskriptif. Dari hasil analisis didapatkan kesimpulan bahwa Prasasti Bahagas dibuat dari batuan andesit, berbentuk lapik arca, menggunakan aksara pasca-palawa atau paleo-sumatera, dan berbahasa Batak yang diartikan sebagai bangunan yang kuat dan kokoh. Terkait dengan masyarakat pendukung budayanya, penyebutan kata bahagas ini dapat menambah asumsi bahwa masyarakat pendukung kepurbakalaan Hindu-Buddha di Padang Lawas adalah masyarakat ber-etnis Batak.
Kontribusi Arkeologi Dalam Penanganan Sengketa Tanah: Kasus Pada Masyarakat Pollung Wiradnyana, Ketut; Koestoro, Lucas Partanda
Berkala Arkeologi Sangkhakala Vol. 18 No. 1 (2015)
Publisher : Balai Arkeologi Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (969.489 KB) | DOI: 10.24832/sba.v18i1.7

Abstract

Archaeology, as a science, has to be able to provide welfare to the communities, which includes not only material things but also knowledge and explanation regarding problems among the communities in cultural context. In relation to a land dispute between the traditional community of Pollung and Toba Pulp Lestari Ltd. Co., regarding the Pollung’s village and traditional land, archaeology can be used to answer whether or not there were once settlement activities in the disputed piece of an area. The methods used in relation to the purpose are excavation, interviews, and library research (bibliographical research). The entire data was studied using inductive scheme of thought in descriptive qualitative format. The resulted archaeological data can prove that there were activities in the past as well as the period (date) when the activities were carried out, while anthropological data will support the knowledge about the functions and systems of land ownership among the Batak community at Pollung, Humbang Hasundutan, in North Sumatra.
Tinggalan Batu Dulang Di Situs Alang Assaude, Kabupaten Seram Bagian Barat, Maluku Surbakti, Karyamantha
Berkala Arkeologi Sangkhakala Vol. 19 No. 1 (2016)
Publisher : Balai Arkeologi Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1482.096 KB) | DOI: 10.24832/bas.v19i1.20

Abstract

AbstractBatu dulang at Alang Assaude Village, Waisala District, West Seram Regency is still in-situ. in archaeology, such type of stone object is known as batu meja (table stone) or dolmen. This research is an attempt to view batu dulang in a holistic way, to see whether the utilization still shows elements of Megalithic tradition, which concept is ancestor worship. in other words, this research aimed at determining whether the objects are living monuments. Data collecting is done through surveys, observations, and interviews. The result reveals that putting coins on batu dulang are done by the local communities as an act to respect their inheritance from their ancestors. As a conclusion, the Megalithic aspect of batu dulang lies in the formal dimension, but they no longer used as the media for certain religion (death monument).AbstrakBatu dulang di Desa Alang Assaude, Kecamatan Waisala, Kabupaten Seram Bagian Barat masih insitu. Dalam khasanah arkeologi batu ini dikenal dengan istilah batu meja ataupun dolmen. Penelitian ini merupakan upaya dalam melihat tinggalan batudulang secara holistik, apakah penggunaannya masih menunjukkan tradisi megalitik yang berkonsep terhadap pemujaan roh leluhur (living monument). Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui survei, observasi, dan wawancara. Hasil dari penelitian ini yaitu bahwa uang koin di batu dulang merupakan perlakuan masyarakat setempat sebagai upaya untuk menghargai tinggalan leluhur. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah bahwa aspek megalitik batu dulang terletak pada dimensi bentuk, namun bukan digunakan sebagai media untuk keperluan religi tertentu (death monument).
Situs Kota Rebah Di Tanjung Pinang, Kepulauan Riau: Pertapakan Istana Atau Bangunan Lain Koestoro, Lucas Partanda
Berkala Arkeologi Sangkhakala Vol. 18 No. 2 (2015)
Publisher : Balai Arkeologi Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1069.816 KB) | DOI: 10.24832/sba.v18i2.13

Abstract

An excavation at the site of Kota Rebah (also known as Kota Lama) in the city of Tanjung Pinang, Kepulauan Riau (Riau Islands) Province in October 2014, which was carried out by the Cultural Office of Kepulauan Riau Province, in cooperation with the Medan Archaeological Centre and the Cultural Heritage Conservation Office of Batusangkar, is an attempt to explore remains of the cultural history of Kepulauan Riau community, including to understand about their types and functions. This is in relation to the site and remains of a building that is believed by some local inhabitants to be a site and remains of the palace of the Melayu kings in the past. The data collected using survey and excavation method indicate that the site and building remains are more likely to be remains of a loji (fort with warehouses) than the site and remains of a palace.
Metamorfose Nisan Aceh, Dari Masa Ke Masa Oetomo, Repelita Wahyu
Berkala Arkeologi Sangkhakala Vol. 19 No. 2 (2016)
Publisher : Balai Arkeologi Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1181.456 KB) | DOI: 10.24832/sba.v19i2.32

Abstract

AbstractTombstones in Aceh have gone through changes of shapes (metamorphosis) from simple shapes to the shapes like we know today. The metamorphosis began with some simple tombstones like the ones at Samudera Pasai, the starting point of Islam dispersal in the archipelago. Until now Samudera Pasai is believed to be the first Islamic kingdom in the archipelago, which made it a place to adopt the shapes of tombstones from the earlier period, which is the Hindu-Buddhist period. Other places that are thought to be the earliest Islam areas in the archipelago include among others Lamreh/Lamuri in Aceh Besar and Peureulak,but the types of tombstones being adopted are not as many as at Samudera Pasai. The changes that occur are the addition of several parts gradually until like present form. Some types of tombstones developed ranging from decorative patterns up to size progress. But, some types of tombstones in recent times never appeared again. Tombstones, which called the "Aceh Stone" by Daniel Perret, is the result of a metamorphosis tombstones of Samudera Pasai.AbstrakNisan di Aceh mengalami perubahan bentuk (metamorfosis) dari yang sederhana hingga mencapai bentuknya seperti yang diketahui sekarang ini. Perubahan tersebut diawali dari beberapa nisan sederhana yang dapat ditemui di Samudera Pasai, tempat, awal mula penyebaran Islam di nusantara hingga mencapai puncaknya pada masa kesultanan Aceh Darussalam. Samudera Pasai hingga saat ini diyakini merupakan kerajaan Islam pertama di nusantara, yang menjadikannya sebagai tempat mengadopsi bentuk-bentuk nisan dari periode sebelumnya, yaitu masa Hindu Buddha. Tempat lain yang diyakini sebagai daerah terawal Islam di Nusantara adalah Lamreh/Lamuri di Aceh Besar, Peureulak, namun tipologi nisan yang diadopsi tidak sebanyak yang terdapat di Samudera Pasai. Perubahan yang terjadi adalah penambahan beberapa bagian secara bertahap hingga menjadi seperti bentuknya yang sekarang ini. Beberapa tipe nisan dikembangkan mulai dari pola hias hingga pengembangan pada ukurannya. Namun beberapa tipe nisan pada masa belakangan tidak pernah muncul lagi. Nisan yang pada akhirnya disebut “Batu Aceh” oleh Daniel Perret, adalah merupakan merupakan hasil dari metamorfose nisan-nisan dari Samudera Pasai.
Permukiman Kawasan Danau Masa Lalu Di Jawa Timur Kasnowihadjo, Gunadi
Berkala Arkeologi Sangkhakala Vol. 18 No. 1 (2015)
Publisher : Balai Arkeologi Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1430.453 KB) | DOI: 10.24832/sba.v18i1.8

Abstract

Archaeology without its public is nothing, it is a disturbing expression for archaeologists, which encourages them to make a policy that every archaeological research benefited the general public. Academically this study is hoped to find settlement patterns in the past around lakes. Furthermore, the study also tries to find models of the local wisdom of their communities. Values in local wisdom are very important for today’s communities and future generations. Considering the aim of the research, the method used is descriptive explorative with an inductive approach, while data collecting is done by carrying out excavations and surveys. It is hoped that the researchers can reveal how people lived in lake areas in the past. The condition of lake areas in the past both its communities and surrounding environment is the dream of future generations. This is the essence of studying archaeology because archaeology studies life in the past to be actualized and implemented in today’s life for the sake of the future generations.  
Aspek-aspek Kemaritiman di Dataran Rendah dan Dataran Tinggi dari Masa Mesolitik Hingga Tradisi Megalitik Wiradnyana, Ketut
Berkala Arkeologi Sangkhakala Vol. 19 No. 1 (2016)
Publisher : Balai Arkeologi Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (736.388 KB) | DOI: 10.24832/bas.v19i1.21

Abstract

AbstractMaritime aspects in the western part of Indonesia are known from the presence of shell mound sites, which show Mesolithic characteristics and elements of Hoabinhian Culture. The shell mound sites along the east coast of Sumatra Island reveal that coastal areas were very important in providing for life in the past because of the marine biota that can be exploited. The Hoabinhian Culture on highland areas also bears traces of maritime aspects. Likewise are the Neolithic and sites that dispersed on highland areas. Various kinds of mollusks were still exploited on the highlands. Even the religions and social structures that bear maritime characteristics were still preserved. The attempt to recognize the maritime aspects during the periods is done by determining various artifacts, ecofacts, and other finds in relation with the marine environment, as well as through ethnoarchaeology studies by observing patterns of meaningsin the cultures of several traditional communities in the western part of Indonesia. The effort to determine archaeological objects, supported by ethnoarchaeology studies, will portray various maritime aspects that can be recognized through the aspects of the environment, biota, religion, technology, aesthetic, and other social aspects.AbstrakAspek kemaritiman di indonesia bagian barat diketahui dari keberadaan situs-situs bukit kerang yang memiliki periode Mesolitik, dengan budaya pendukungnya Hoabinh. Situs-situs bukit kerang yang tersebar di pesisir timur Pulau Sumatera menunjukkan bahwa kawasan pantai merupakan areal yang sangat penting dalam mendukung kehidupan masa itu, mengingat berbagai biota laut menjadi objek yang dieksploitasi. Keberadaan budaya Hoabinh di dataran tinggi juga masih menunjukkan sisa-sisa aspek kemaritiman. Sebaran situs di dataran tinggi pada masa Neolitik dan Megalitik juga masih menunjukkan aspek kemaritiman. Berbagai jenis moluska yang hidup di dataran tinggi masih menjadi bahan pangan yang dieksploitasi, bahkan aspek religi dan struktur sosial yang berkaitan dengan ciri kemaritiman masih dipertahankan. Upaya mengetahui aspek kemaritiman pada beberapa periode tersebut, tentu akan diketahui melalui determinasi berbagai artefak, ekofak dan lainnya yang terkait dengan lingkungan laut. Pemahaman aspek kemaritiman juga dilakukan melalui etnoarkeologi, dengan melihat berbagai pola makna yang terkandung dalam kebudayaan masyarakat tradisional di indonesia bagian barat. Determinasi objek arkeologis yang disertai dengan kajian etnoarkeologi menggambarkan berbagai aspek kemaritiman yang dapat dikenali dari aspek lingkungan, biota, religi, teknologi, estetika dan aspek sosial lainnya.

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