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Paediatrica Indonesiana
ISSN : 00309311     EISSN : 2338476X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Paediatrica Indonesiana is a medical journal devoted to the health, in a broad sense, affecting fetuses, infants, children, and adolescents, belonged to the Indonesian Pediatric Society. Its publications are directed to pediatricians and other medical practitioners or researchers at all levels of health practice throughout the world.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 7 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 15 No 1-2 (1975): January 1975" : 7 Documents clear
Gastrointestinal Disease in Malnourished Children Gracey, Michael
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 15 No 1-2 (1975): January 1975
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (513.461 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi15.1-2.1975.25-33

Abstract

In communities where malnutrition is common, gastrointestinal diseases are prominent and contribute largely to unfavourable morbidity and mortality statistics. Patterns of gastrointestinal disease were studied in two such cotnmunities; Aboriginal children in Western Australia and children admitted to the Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital, Jakarta.Two hundred and fifty one (251) young Aborigines were studied. Forty percent of them malnourished, 37% were anaemic and more than 50% had enteric pathogens in their stools. Sugar intolerance was also common (25%). Similar clinical features are seen in the children from Jakarta but more severe forms of malnutrition and gross vitamin deficiency occurred more often.Thirteen of the Aboriginal children died; at necropsy the most remarkable finding wass fatty infiltration of the liver which some cases was extreme. This, of course, is characteristic of protein-calorie malnutrition add has been well documented in other studies. Other pathological findings included severe purulent infections, septic infarcts, haemolysis, acanthocytosis, thrombocytopenia and vascular catastrophes.
The Importance of Paediatrics in Developing Countries Stapleton, Thomas
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 15 No 1-2 (1975): January 1975
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (458.202 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi15.1-2.1975.1-7

Abstract

The rate of tuberculous infection is high. In many areas by the age of ten to fourteen years almost half the population have become tuberculin positive, not as a result of BCG vaccination, but as a result of infection acquired from someone in their environment.The fact that you have selected paediatric emergencies as one of the themes of this congress is merely a reflection that the overall mortality of children admitted to the children’s wards in a great teaching hospital such as you have here in Surabaya is of the order of fifteen to twenty per cent.
Child Health Problems in Indonesia Saroso, Julie Sulianti
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 15 No 1-2 (1975): January 1975
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (652.616 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi15.1-2.1975.8-18

Abstract

Community survey and hospital data related to morbidity in children urns presented.Morbidity point prevalence rate by age pier 1000 population was found highest in preschool children. Acute respiratory infections, infection and inflammation of the skin and subcutaneous tissues and diarrheal disease were the most prevalent diseases among this age group.Hospital data showed that Tetanus was the most serious disease. Data on the availability of health services and the utilization of these services for prevention and m case of illness as well as steps to strengthen these services was also presented.
Nutritional Status as an Important Factor in the Health Status of the Adult Jonxis, J.H.P.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 15 No 1-2 (1975): January 1975
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (324.762 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi15.1-2.1975.19-24

Abstract

Malnutrition in the first year of life may cause permanent damage to the individual. There may be a permanent retardation in growth if the malnutrition is a serious one and the food intake is severely insufficient over a longer, period. Specially when malnutrition occurs in the first months after birth, it may cause damage to the central nervous system.As long as the breast-fed child gets enough breastmilk, it is unlikely that serious problems  arise. The declinein feeding in many developing countries is a serious problem, especially because the alternatives for human milk are not always available, owing to economic factors. In the, countries of the Western world there exists just, the opposite problem owing to partial over-nutrition abnormalities in fat metabolism may occur, which may influence the health of the individual later on in life.
Iron Deficiency in Children in Sydney Lovric, V.A.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 15 No 1-2 (1975): January 1975
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2670.967 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi15.1-2.1975.34-54

Abstract

Results of prospective studies of over 2,000 children with nutritional iron deficiency anaemia in Sydney are presented. The epidemiological aspects were also investigated in a study of 1500 well children, aged 6 — 36 months, attending Baby Health Centres in Sydney and the incidence of iron deficiency anaemia was found to be low (3%). Iron deficiency anaemia was common in children admitted to hospital with acute infections and diarrhoea (20%) and was clinically unsuspected in two-thirds. Because of inadequate iron prophylaxis the incidence in prematures was high (30%). Another groups recently arrived migrant children, also had a high incidence of anaemia (25%). There was circumstantial evidence linking anaemia and childhood morbidity. Matched patients awaiting elective minor surgery had a low incidence (3%) of iron deficiency anaemia, similar to the data published in out patients in Surabaya.
What the Pediatrician should know about Congenital Heart Disease McNamara, Dan G.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 15 No 1-2 (1975): January 1975
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14238/pi15.1-2.1975.55-68

Abstract

Initial recognition of congenital heart disease in the neonate as well as decisions for referral to a cardiac center for subsequent management are usually the responsibility of the pediatrician. While the malformations of the heart sometimes present obvious mamifestions in the newborn, the early diagnosis is more often elusive and the type and severity of cardiac dysfunction can be obscure, especially when only traditional methods of clinical evaluation are used.
Why Package Child Care? King, Maurice
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 15 No 1-2 (1975): January 1975
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (815.94 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi15.1-2.1975.69-80

Abstract

The team responsible for developing this project starts by considering in detail exactly what workers in Indonesia’s health centres can usefully do (what interventions they can take) in a particular service area, in this case health centre child care. These interventions are being incorporated into a complete, problem oriented illustrated, basic language text of health centre child care. This text is to be supported by a variety of other components which include three matched sets of multiple choice questions covering its entire field, schedules of assessing the practical performance of procedures, equipment lists, methods of quality control, curricula and teaching aids, as well as guidance on the routine administration of the services provided and their initial introduction into a new area. All these components fit together to form a health core package which is defined as "an integrated set of components for the improvement of health care in a defined service area and under specific socio-economic conditions". The hypothesis behind the concept is that the combined effect of the components is more than merely additive.

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