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Paediatrica Indonesiana
ISSN : 00309311     EISSN : 2338476X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Paediatrica Indonesiana is a medical journal devoted to the health, in a broad sense, affecting fetuses, infants, children, and adolescents, belonged to the Indonesian Pediatric Society. Its publications are directed to pediatricians and other medical practitioners or researchers at all levels of health practice throughout the world.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 15 No 7-8 (1975): July 1975" : 6 Documents clear
Intraperitoneal Fluid Therapy in Children Noerasid, Harden; Soeparto, Pitono; Rudyanto, Bing; Sugijanto, Sugeng; Hamid, Abdul; Saraswati, A.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 15 No 7-8 (1975): July 1975
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (357.116 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi15.7-8.1975.211-8

Abstract

The administration of intraperitoneal fluid to 56 children, with gastroenteritis and dehydration, admitted to the Department of Child Health Dr. Soetomo Hospital, was discussed. The authors especially considered the practical aspects and the danger arising from the administration of intraperitoneal fluids. Although none of the patients died, some did show restlessness, meteorism, a raised leucocyte-count and a small rise in body temperature. The authors are of the opinion that the administration of intraperitoneal fluids is not free of danger and it should be reserved for emergency situation only.
Microbial Contamination of the Gut; another Feature of Malnutrition Gracey, Michael; Suharjono, Suharjono; Sunoto, Sunoto; Stone, Delys E.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 15 No 7-8 (1975): July 1975
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (604.178 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi15.7-8.1975.181-90

Abstract

The microbial flora of the stomach and upper small intestine was studied in 21 malnourished Indonesian children with diarrhoea and compared with that found in 21 Australian children of Caucasian extraction with a variety of alimentary disorders. In the Indonesian children there was marked microbial contamination of the upper gastrointestinal tract with a wide variety of microorganisms. In several patients there was significant overgrowth by Candida sp. and in several others large numbers of anaerobic bacteria were isolated. It is suggested that these microbiological abnormalities are related to the pathogenesis of diarrhoea in children with malnutrition.
Incidence of Cholera in Children under two years of age at the Dr. Soetomo Hospital, Surabaya Noerasid, Haroen; Soeparto, Pitono; Rudyanto, Bing; Noer, Moh. Sjaifullah; Adnan, Moh.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 15 No 7-8 (1975): July 1975
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (396.526 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi15.7-8.1975.219-28

Abstract

Stool cultures from 510 patients, admitted to the Children's Ward of the Dr. Soetomo Hospital with gastroenteritis, were examined. Fifty-six cases were found to have para Cholera El Tor (10.98%) and 56 patients showed positive E. coli (10.98%). The clinical features of para Cholera El Tor have been discussed, and compared with E. coli infections. We also reviewed the clinical observations of other writers. Clinically Cholera El Tor and E. coli have similar signs and symptoms. They differ only in: (a) Age (El Tor is usually found in older age groups). (b)Nutritional State (El Tor is found among the undernourished), (c) State of dehydration (El Tor causes dehydration more rapidly), and (d) Faeces (El Tor excretes more faeces per movement).
Refeeding with Free Lactose Milk ( A1 - 110 Nestle) in Children Suffering from Gastroenteritis and Dehydration Suharjono, Suharjono; Sunoto, Sunoto; Boediarso, Aswitha; Hendardji, Hentyanto; Soegiharto, Soegiharto
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 15 No 7-8 (1975): July 1975
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (465.467 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi15.7-8.1975.191-7

Abstract

Forty one infants suffering from diarrhoea hospitalized in the Department of Child Health, Medical School, University of lndonesia/Dr. Tjipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital, Jakarta, from August 15, 1973 to January 15, 1974 were refed with "free lactose milk".The result is as follows :1. From the point of view of increase of body weight:27 (65.8 %) out of 41 cases were excellent.2 ( 4.9 %) out of 41 cases were good.12 (29.3 %) out of 41 cases were poor.2. From the point of view of stopping the diarrhoea :25 (60.9 %) out of 41 cases were excellent.10 (24.5 %) out of 41 was good.6 (14.6 %) out of 41 cases were poor.
Treatment of Cholera El Tor with Bactrim Komalarini, S.; Iswandari, J.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 15 No 7-8 (1975): July 1975
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (169.831 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi15.7-8.1975.207-10

Abstract

Between November 1971 and May 1974, there were 41 children, comprising 26 boys and 15 girls, suffering from cholera El Tor gastroenteritis treated with parenteral Bactrim during the first 24 hours followed by Bactrim orally for 4 consecutive days. Rectal swabs on admission showed positive V. cholera biotype El- Tor cultures in all cases; 9 children had additional pathogenic E. coli in the stools. Besides Bactrim, treatment consisted of intravenous administration of lactated Ringer’s solution, dextrose 5% or saline. All the patients showed quick improvement of the clinical condition. Good result was found in 34 children (82.9%), fair in 6 (14.6%), and failure in 1 case (2.4%). All the children in this study survived. No drug intolerance or side effect was observed.
Effect of Low Lactose Milk "Eiwit Melk" (E.M.) on Low Birth Weight Infants with Diarrhoea Bagdadiji, TB.; Suharjono, Suharjono; Boediarso, Aswitha; Sunoto, Sunoto
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 15 No 7-8 (1975): July 1975
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (574.682 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi15.7-8.1975.198-206

Abstract

Thirty-nine low birth weight infants suffering from diarrhoea hospitalized in the Department of Child Health, Dr. Tjipto Mangunkusumo Hospital/Medical School University of Indonesia from July 1972 to December 1973 were treated with "Eiwit Melk" (low lactose milk).Results are not satisfactory although better than with the routine formula.9 out of 39 cases (23%) give excellent result.3 out of 39 cases (7.6%) give good result.27 out of 39 cases (69.4%) give poor result.In low birth weight infants, next to lactose intolerance, other factors in causing diarrhoea among others fat malabsorption should be considered. Trials with formulas combining easily absorbable fats should be encouraged.

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