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Paediatrica Indonesiana
ISSN : 00309311     EISSN : 2338476X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Paediatrica Indonesiana is a medical journal devoted to the health, in a broad sense, affecting fetuses, infants, children, and adolescents, belonged to the Indonesian Pediatric Society. Its publications are directed to pediatricians and other medical practitioners or researchers at all levels of health practice throughout the world.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 10 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 18 No 1-2 (1978): January 1978" : 10 Documents clear
Intelligent Quotient of Schoolchildren at an Urban Community Kelurahan Utan Kayu, Jakarta Sularyo, Titi; Sudiyanto, Sudiyanto; Sudjarwo, Sri Rochani; Atmodiwiryo, E. Toto
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 18 No 1-2 (1978): January 1978
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (163.188 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi18.1-2.1978.40-4

Abstract

The I.Q. measurements of a group of 103 schoolchildren of an urban community at Kelurahan Utan Kayu, Jakarta, have been evaluated. The expected result of 92.4 as the mean I.Q. value is considered due to the not so favorable environmental conditions provided to meet the basic needs of children for their growth and development. Therefore every effort must be made to improve the environment in all its aspects in order to improve the health of the children and to provide them with the right parental stimulation so that they will be able to take more advantages of the available eduoational opportunities.
Accidental Poisoning in Children with Special Reference to Kerosene Poisoning Aldy, Dachrul; Rusdidjas, Rusdidjas; Siregar, Helena
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 18 No 1-2 (1978): January 1978
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (178.915 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi18.1-2.1978.45-50

Abstract

A 6-year (1970- 1975) retrospective study of kerosene poisoning in children admitted to the General Hospital, Medan, is presented. The total number of admission was 10.643, 124 of which were kerosene poisoning. Tho mortality was 4.8%. In North Sumatera the incidence of kerosene poisoning along with the consumption of kerosene showed an increasing trend. The male to female ratio was 75 by 49 (3:2). The majority of cases were brought to the hospital within one hour after ingestion of kerosene. The presenting symptoms in the majority of cases were coughing (78.8%), vomiting (48.9%), dyspnoe 29%, fever 20.9%, brochopneumonia 12.9%, cyanosis 4.0%, and shock 1.6%. Treatment consisted of broad spectrum antibiotics, intravenous fluid, and oxygen administration. Kerosene in the household of the patients was used as fuel, either for cooking, or light source. More than 75% of the cases belonged to the lower socioeconomic class.
Postgraduate Pediatric Training Programme in the Department of Child Health, Medical School University of Indonesia, Jakarta Monintja, H.E.; Karjomanggolo, W.T.; Sutejo, R.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 18 No 1-2 (1978): January 1978
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (255.258 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi18.1-2.1978.24-30

Abstract

Paediatrics is a major subject in undergraduate as well as postgraduate medical training. Demographic data show that 44% of the population in Indonesia as well as in other developing countries belongs to the paediatric age group. The objective of the training of paeditrician should be relevant to the needs of the society in child health care using the available potentials in the society and with the participation of the society. In this paper the determinant of objective, the objective, the methodology, the evaluation and the feedback system of the postgraduate paediatric training programme in the Department of Child Health, Medical School, University of Indonesia, is briefly described.
The Problem of Diarrhoeal Disease Children Gracey, Michael
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 18 No 1-2 (1978): January 1978
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (245.88 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi18.1-2.1978.1-5

Abstract

In Western Austnalia, diarrheal disease in Aboriginal children found inhalf cases of malnutrition, sugar intolerance in 25% of patients and approximately 50% showed high rates of infection and infestation. The most commonly isolated are Giardia lamblia, Enteropathogenic E. Coli, Salmonellaea and Shigellae.The mortality rate of diarrhoeal disease is maro than 5%, which is severaltimes than white children. The cause of death are hypokalemia, hypoglycaemia, delayed rehydration treatment, the high incidence of malnutrition and sugar intolerance.To improve and solving the problem the prime aim should be preventionby upgrading many factors including maternal nutrition, promotion of breast feeding, standard of living, nutritional and hygiene education and related socioeconomic condition, the availability of skilled medical and nursing facilities.
The "Rose System" in Overcoming the Second Cholera Outbreak in Jakarta from May 25-30, 1976 Wiharta, Adnan S.; Sutejo, R.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 18 No 1-2 (1978): January 1978
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (220.236 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi18.1-2.1978.6-10

Abstract

1.a. During a short cholena outbreak in Jakarta frnom 25th May to 30th May, 1976, 70 children aged from 6 months to 13 years suffering from acute diarrhoea and dehydration, shock or pre-shock were admitted to the provisional Rehydnation Cetntre in the outpatient section of the Departmernt of Child Heatth, University of Indonesia/Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital, Jakarta.b. None died.c. 71.9% of the stool specimens from 32 patients revealed Vibrio Cholera El Tor Ogawa type.2. The methodology used was the so-called "ROSE" system :a. Rehydration with ringer's lactate solution.b. Oralyte in boiled water given ad libi·tum.c. Oralyte solution and intravenous solution given Simultaneously.d. Education to the parents on the importance of giving oralyte solution ad libitum.3. This paper dealt with the second success of the Rose system in facing a cholera outbreak.
Problems and Solution of Malabsorption Syndrome in Indonesia Suharjono, Suharjono; Sunoto, Sunoto; Budiarso, Aswitha; Pusponegoro, Titut S.; Tumbelaka, W.A.F.J.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 18 No 1-2 (1978): January 1978
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (244.144 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi18.1-2.1978.11-6

Abstract

I. Problems of malabsorption syndrome in developing countries like lndonesia are associated especially with :(1) Protein Calorie Malnutrition(2) Low Birth Weight(3) Gastroenteritis(4) Post bowel surgery(5) Being unused to drink milk after weaning.They show a big difference with those in developed countries where they usually are correlated with a.o. coeliac disease, cystic fibrosis, etc.II. Solving the problems :a. Since in diarrhoeal patients, with or without PCM, sugar intolerance and or fat malabsorption usually occur, a formula consisting of low or freelactose with easily absorbable fats i.e. MCT or UFA, might be the best solution as a refeeding regimen.b. Besides treating the malabsorption syndrome, other measures are much more important i.e correction of fluid and electrolyte imbalance and treatment of predisposing condition.
Recent Advances in the Indonesian Paediatric Gastroenterology Suharjono, Suharjono; Sunoto, Sunoto; Budiarso, Aswitha; Tumbelaka, W.A.F.J.; Gracey, Michael
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 18 No 1-2 (1978): January 1978
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (309.295 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi18.1-2.1978.17-23

Abstract

Recent advances in the Indonesian Paediatric Gastroenterology have been presented in the 4 following headings and conclusions :(1)'ROSE' system as the principle of treatment of diarrhoea, which is proven to be effective and gives an excellent result in reducing the case fatality rate of acute gastroenteritis, especially cholera.(2) MCT and low lactose containing formula in low birth weight infants gives good to excellent results in improving fat malabsoprtion, ceasing the diarrhoea and increase of body weight.(3} The preliminary study in malnourished Indonesian children has shown that the paediatric enterotest duodenal capsule can be used to study the upper intestinal microflora. It is useful in studying the human intestinal microflora in places where radiologic examination is not available and can easily be used in field studies.(4) The presesent report is the first study to document duovirus shown electron microscopically as virus particles in faecal specimens from children in Indonesia where malnutrition and diarrhoea remain important problems.
Renogram in Children with Nephrotic Syndrome Wirya, I.G.N. Wila; Alatas, H.; Tambunan, T.; Sadeli, R.; Budiman, S.; Wijaya, E.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 18 No 1-2 (1978): January 1978
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (546.338 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi18.1-2.1978.31-9

Abstract

Fifty children with nephrotic syndrome, aged 3 to 13 years, were studied for renogram patterns. Twenty-one cases had normal renograms; one case with bilateral and one with unilateral renal function. Seven cases showed bilateral renal impairment in both secretion and excretion phases. Impairment of excretion phase was found in 12 cases bilaterally and 8 unilaterally. None of them showed abnormality in the secretion phase alone. Eighteen out of 29 cases with abnormal renograms were studied further in remission states. The second renogram of these cases showed improvement to normal in 13 cases, two other cases still had impairment in the secretion and excretion phases, and the remaining 3 cases showed only impairment in the excretion phase. Ten healthy children as control had normal renograms. The correlation of clinical/laboratory findings and abnormal renograms patterns was discussed. Further studies on the use and limitation of the renograms in nephrotic syndrome in children are needed.
Pulmonary Hypertension, Hypereosinophilia and Filariasis Madiyono, Bambang; Kusmana, Dede; Sonityo, Otty W.; Rachman, O.J.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 18 No 1-2 (1978): January 1978
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (283.193 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi18.1-2.1978.51-7

Abstract

Reports have been made on three cases of pulmonary hypertension, hypereosinophilia with filariasis as the possible cause. Considering the Indonesian geographical location, it would be reasonable enough to perform further studies on hypereosinophilia cases. The possibity of filarial infestation is to be taken also into consideration. This condition should be treated as soon as possible to prevent or to slow down the consequences of continuing cardiovascular changes.
Hodgkin's Disease Basir, Darfioes; Arif, Inda D.; S., Moeslichan
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 18 No 1-2 (1978): January 1978
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (464.642 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi18.1-2.1978.58-66

Abstract

A case of Hodgkin's disease in an 8-year-old Indonesian boy is presented. The treatment was stanted 2½ years after the first onset of the symptoms,consisting of vincristine, cyclophosphamide and prednisone. It seemed that this combination gave good results; after 12 weeks of treatment the lymphnodes disappeared and no new swellings developed. Despite the good results, continuous observation is necessary.

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