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Paediatrica Indonesiana
ISSN : 00309311     EISSN : 2338476X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Paediatrica Indonesiana is a medical journal devoted to the health, in a broad sense, affecting fetuses, infants, children, and adolescents, belonged to the Indonesian Pediatric Society. Its publications are directed to pediatricians and other medical practitioners or researchers at all levels of health practice throughout the world.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 7 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 18 No 3-4 (1978): March 1978" : 7 Documents clear
Spasmophilia Hendarto, S.K; Lazuardi, S.; Madyono, B.; Affandi, M.; Utama, Jos
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 18 No 3-4 (1978): March 1978
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (332.973 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi18.3-4.1978.109-16

Abstract

Sixty eight cases of spasmophilia were studied, consisting of 44 girls and 24 boys, the age ranging from 7 to 12 years. The most prominent symptom was cephalgia. Other symptoms included cramps, fainting attacks, abdominal pains, myalgia, breathing difficulties, palpitation, precordial pain, tremor and learning problems. Laboratory examination showed that most of them were hypocalcemic with prolonged Qo - Tc interval in electrocardiogram. BEG showed a certain pattern of increased thetha waves with irregular background activities and nonspecific changes. Treatment with calcium showed good clinical results. There seems to be no correlation between clinical improvement of symptoms and EMG findings.
C3 and C4 Complements in Glomerular Disorders in Children Alatas, H.; Wirya, I.G.N. Wila; Tambunan, T.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 18 No 3-4 (1978): March 1978
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (505.809 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi18.3-4.1978.75-82

Abstract

Seventy children who were hospitalized for kidney diseases in the Nephrological ward Department of Child Health, University of Indonesia, Jakarta were used in this study. Thirty seven patients sufferfng from acute poststreptococcal Glomerulonephritis (A.G.N.), 3 patients with Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis (M.P.G.N.) and 30 patients with Nephrotic Syndrome due to other causes were examined for complement concentration. A total of 80 samples were examined for C3 and 25 samples for C4 concentration using the immunediffusion plates. Almost all patients with A.G.N. and M.P.G.N. showed depression of C3. C4 concentration was normal except in 2 patients, 1 with A.G.N. and the other With M.P.G.N. This suggest activation of complement at the C3 level by the alternating pathway in most of the patients. C3 concentration in A.G.N. patients returned to normal after 8-10 weeks. In MPGN the depression was persistent in 2 patients, while in 1 patient it returned to normal level after 3 months of Immunosuppressive treatment.
Portal Hypertension Arif, Inda D.; Said, Mardjanis; Halimun, E.M
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 18 No 3-4 (1978): March 1978
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (237.178 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi18.3-4.1978.117-22

Abstract

A case of portal hypertension in a 9-year-old Indonesian female child is presented. The diagnosis was made by demonstrating oesophageal vanices radiologically and surgically, and by measuring the portal venous pressure. Portocaval side to side shunt was done resulting in diminishing of the oesophageal varices, disappearance of hypersplenism, and a normal portal venous pressure. Continuous observation is recommended despite the relative good prognosis.
Treatment of Acute Infantile Gastroenteritis Dehydration Acidosis with Ringer's Lactate and Glucose-Electrolyte Solution Hernawan, Hernawan; Sunoto, Sunoto; Pusponegoro, Titut S.; Suharjono, Suharjono
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 18 No 3-4 (1978): March 1978
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (298.014 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi18.3-4.1978.83-90

Abstract

Fifty patients hospitalized with severe gastroenteritis - dehydration with acidosis were investigated. The age average was 8 months with the range of 1-18 months. The amount of the Ringer's lactate solution given was as follows:1st hour : 30 ml/kg b.w.the following 7 hours: 70 ml/kg b.w. or 10 ml/kg b.w./hour.After 8 hours on parenteral treatment, the child was given oral solution, either glucose-electrolyte solution or milk formula in ΒΌ dilution. The mortality rate was 6% (3 out of 50 patients) i.e. one due to seizures suspected encephalitis, one due to potasium deficiency (K = 2.1 mEq/l) and the third due to dehydration itself because the child was admitted already in a moribund stage (subvinum vitae).
Attitude and Knowledge of the Parents of Neonates admitted with Tetanus Neonatorum Dibjosubroto, S.; Ruskandi, M.; Azhali, M.S.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 18 No 3-4 (1978): March 1978
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (297.999 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi18.3-4.1978.67-74

Abstract

Knowledge and attitude of 44 parents of neonates admitted with tetanus neonatorum to the Department of Child Health, Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital, Bandung, from January 1975 through April 1976 were evaluated. Twenty-eight (63.7%) cases with tetanus neonatorum were from illiterate and elementary-school educated parents. Fourteen (31.8%) parents were aware of the mode of injection and 12 (27.3%) realized the importance of prevention of the disease; 10 (22.7%) mothers did not join prenatal care; 40 (90.9%) neonates were delivered by "peraji" (indigenous/traditional midwives) and 4 (9.1%) by midwives. The decisions which were made by the parents to choose "peraji" for the delivery and to admit their newborns with tetanus neonatorum to the hospital were found in 85% and 75% of the cases respectively.
Longterm Follow-up on Patients with Subdural Effusions Sutomenggolo, Taslim S.; Ismael, Sofjan; Hendarto, S.K.; Lumbantobing, S.M.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 18 No 3-4 (1978): March 1978
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (347.749 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi18.3-4.1978.91-9

Abstract

Seventy-two patients with subdural effusions who had been hospitalized in the Department of Child Health, Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo General Hospital, Jakarta, were followed up for at least one year. Of the 72 patients, 35 were included nn this evaluation. Of the 35 patients, 16 were caused by purulent meningitis, and 19 by other diseases. On follow up examination comparison was made between the prognosis of patients with subdural effusions which dried in less than 2 weeks and subdural effusions which dried in more than 2 weeks or the patient who was asked to be discharged before the subdural effusions dried. The conclusion is that the former group has less neurological deficit, epileptic seizures, motoric and mental retardation than the latter. The prognosis is worse in patients with subdural effusions of long duration.
Some Problems of Thalassemia in Jakarta Wahidiyat, Iskandar; Markum, A.H.; Abdulsalam, M.; Muslichan, S.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 18 No 3-4 (1978): March 1978
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (362.771 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi18.3-4.1978.100-8

Abstract

Within 10 years (1964 - 1974) two hundred and twenty one thalassemic children were observed in the Department of Child Health, Medical School, University of Indonesia in Jakarta. They consisted of 119 cases of thalassemia major, 95 thalassemia Hb E disease, 6 Hb H disease and 1 thalassemia Hb S disease. The main treatment of thalassemia major is still blood transfusion. Splenectomy was performed on 29 children with thalassemia major and 26 cases with thalassemia Hb E disease. Splenectomy performed on cases before hypersplenism appeared, showed better results then those late cases who have already symptoms of hypersplenism. Beside the medical points of view thalassemia has also many social aspects to be considered, those of the child itself, the parents and the society or community.

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