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Paediatrica Indonesiana
ISSN : 00309311     EISSN : 2338476X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Paediatrica Indonesiana is a medical journal devoted to the health, in a broad sense, affecting fetuses, infants, children, and adolescents, belonged to the Indonesian Pediatric Society. Its publications are directed to pediatricians and other medical practitioners or researchers at all levels of health practice throughout the world.
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Articles 5 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 24 No 5-6 (1984): May 1984" : 5 Documents clear
Experiences on Necrotizing Enterocolitis in Neonates and Young Infants in North Sulawesi Munir, Muzief
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 24 No 5-6 (1984): May 1984
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

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Abstract

Since the predisposing factors of necrotizing enterocolitis in newborns and young infants in developed. and developing countries are totally different, the evaluation of epidemiological, clinical and management problems of 20 of our newborn cases and 3 young infants was conducted. It is evident that gastroenteritis and severe pulmonal infections are indeed the most important risk factors in developing necrotizing enterocolitis in our cases. Rooming-in and breast feeding practices reduce sharply the incidences of diarrheal diseases in newborn infants, and in turn, cause a decline in the prevalent rate of necrotizing enterocolitis.
Current Management On Neonatal Obstructive Jaundice (The differential diagnosis between Neonatal Hepatitis and Biliary Atresia) Halimun, E. M.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 24 No 5-6 (1984): May 1984
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

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Abstract

It is known in this country that surgical obstructive jaundice cases used to be sent to the surgeon in the terminal state. This communication is a brief explanation made by the author about the current management on neonatal obstructive jaundice, which can easily be applied in this country.
Diarrhoeal Disease Associated With Measles In Infants And rhildren Nasution, Indra Kesum; Sufriar, Bam; Siregar, Helena; Sutanto, A. H.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 24 No 5-6 (1984): May 1984
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

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Abstract

The incidence and mortality of gastroenteritis associated with measles in infants and children had been assessed retrospectively in 1497 babies and children admitted to the Child Health Department/Dr. Pirngadi General Hospital Medan in the period of January to June 1982. Of these 1497 children, 698 suffered from gastroenteritis and 94 from measles.  Of these 94 measles cases, 49 had diarrhoea and 13 had PEM (26.53%).  The overall mortality of gastroenteritis was 14.61%, while the mortality of gastroenteritis associated with measles was 28.5 7%. The case fatality rate of gastroenteritis with measles and PEM was 35.5%. The highest age specific case fatality rate of gastroenteritis was in the age group of 0- 6 months. The feasibl1ity of active vaccination against measles at the early age of 6 months should be seriously considered.
Congenital Hypothyroid: Report of Two Cases With Emphasis On Clinical Diagnosis And Brief Review of Relevant Literature Arif, Inda D.; Ongkie, A. S.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 24 No 5-6 (1984): May 1984
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

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Abstract

Two cases of congenital hypothyroidism diagnosed clinically have been presented. Clinical improvement during substitution therapy with Thyranon was evident. The importance of clinical diagnosis has been emphasized. Awareness of the condition has been stressed as being of urgent necessity to diagnose accurately. Relevantt literature was briefly reviewed.
Studies On Amoebicides At The Child Health Department Dr. Pirngadi Hospital, Medan (1969 - 1979) Tambunan, Sondang; Lubis, Chairuddin P.; Siregar, Helena
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 24 No 5-6 (1984): May 1984
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

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Abstract

Since 1969-1979 trials with amoebicides had been done 9 times in OPD of the Child Health Department, Dr. Pirngadi Hospital, Medan. The children were treated ambulatorily. The tablets were administered under close supervision at the subdivision of Gastroenterology for 3 consecutive days. Stools examination had been done, with direct faecal film only, every day for the first 4 days and once a week for 3 weeks. Evaluation was done by assessing the parasitological and clinical cure rate. A clinical trial with metronidazole had been conducted in 3 groups of children. Each of the three groups consisted of 50 children, and were treated ambulatorily with a single daily dose for three days.The first group treated with a dose of 50 mg/kg bw/day had in a cure rate of 89% and 100%, the second group with a dose of 25 mg/kg bw/day 87% and 85%. The third group also with a dose of 25 mg/kg bw/day showed cure rate of 93% and 91%. These differences of results in group I, II and III proved to be not statistically significam. There were no side effects observed.Tinidazole and omidazole were indeed very effective for treating intestinal amoebiasis, the cure rate was 100%, and no side effects observed.

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