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Paediatrica Indonesiana
ISSN : 00309311     EISSN : 2338476X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Paediatrica Indonesiana is a medical journal devoted to the health, in a broad sense, affecting fetuses, infants, children, and adolescents, belonged to the Indonesian Pediatric Society. Its publications are directed to pediatricians and other medical practitioners or researchers at all levels of health practice throughout the world.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 5 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 29 No 11-12 (1989): November 1989" : 5 Documents clear
Endoscopic Examinations in Children with Recurrent Abdominal Pain Soeparto, Pitono
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 29 No 11-12 (1989): November 1989
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2647.989 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi29.11-12.1989.221-7

Abstract

Much difficulties are often encountered in finding the underlying cause of recurrent abdominal pain. Clinical features may vary from one patient to the other and occasionally from one episode to the next even in the same child. The recent development of fibre optic endoscopy may well prove to have a useful diagnostic technique, particularly in those children in whom other investigations are inconclusive. The result of endoscopic examinations in children with recurrent abdominal pain comprising of 62 children aged between 3-13 years were as follows: erosion in 7 children, oesophagi tis in 4 children, duodenitis in 3 children, spasm of the pylorus in 2 children, and normal findings were found in 30 children. Of the 30 patients with "normal" endoscopic findings, 7 had psychosomatic problems, 4 had allergy, 4 had urinary tract infection, 2 showed giardiasis, one had epilepsy, 1 was treated as pulmonary tuberculosis, where as in 11 patients organic as well as nonorganic abnormalities could not be found. There seem to be of no significant correlation between the endocopic and upper gastrointestinal series findings. Endoscopy seem to be of a safe and reliable tool in the diagnosis of a number of organic intestinal lesions otherwise not detected by ordinary investigations.
Treatment of Acute Urinary Tract Infection in Children with Pipemidic Acid Kosnadi, Lydia; Widayat, Rochmanadji; Wastoro, Dwi; Yunanto, Ari; Gunawan, Ristitiati
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 29 No 11-12 (1989): November 1989
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (371.898 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi29.11-12.1989.228-32

Abstract

Urinary tract infection in children is still an important problem in uronephrology. The disease.tends to develop recurrently and results in chronic progressive renal disease in the future. Pipemidic acid is a bactericidal quinolone derivate, with a wide spectrum against gram positive and negative bacteria. Compared with nalidixic acid, pipemidic acid proves to be more effective against Pseudomonas, E. coli, Alkali genes and Salmonella. Thirty one cases with acute urinary tract infection had been studied descriptively. The etiology revealed as follows: E. coli (45.2%), Alkaligenes (16.2%), Enterobacter (9.6%), Staphylococcus (9.6%), Pseudomonas (9.6%), Paracolon (6,5%), and Proteus (3.3%). Pipemidic acid was administered orally to these patients, 15-20 mg/kg/day divided in 2 equal doses for 10 days. Bacteriological examinations was repeated on the 6th day and 11th day treatment. The result revealed that on the 6th day of treatment, in 27 patients (87, 09%) there was no bacteriuria while on the 11th  day the urine of 29 patients (93.54%) were sterile. In conclusion, a 5 day treatment of acute urinary tract infection in children with pipemidic acid is quite effective.
Pyridoxine in the Treatment of Tetanus Neonatorum Caglar, Musa Kazim
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 29 No 11-12 (1989): November 1989
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (377.859 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi29.11-12.1989.233-6

Abstract

A prospective study has been conducted to assess the efficacy of oral pyridoxine in the treatment of neonatal tetanus. A little reduction in mortality was observed by adding pyridoxine to the conventional therapy. The mortality in this group was 50.0% as compared to 62.5% in controls. This result did not confirm the ones in the literature. This could be sourced from the fact that additional injection was 50.0%.
Congenital Falciparum Malaria with Chloroquine Resistance Type ll Dianto, Dianto; Rampengan, T. H.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 29 No 11-12 (1989): November 1989
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (395.079 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi29.11-12.1989.237-40

Abstract

A case of congenial falciparum malaria has been reported. The diagnosis was based ·on history of illness, clinical manifestations, age of the child and presence of the ring form falciparum malaria in the peripheral blood films. Treatment with chloroquine showed resistance type II, though treatment with quinine was successful. In malaria endemic areas, although rare, one must be aware of the possibility of congenital malaria.
A Case of Rett Syndrome Lazuardi, Samuel; Advani, Najib; Ismael, Sofyan
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 29 No 11-12 (1989): November 1989
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (440.395 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi29.11-12.1989.241-4

Abstract

A case of Rett syndrome in a-3 ½ year-old girl is presented. The patient had normal pre and perinatal period and normal psychomotor development till the age of 14 months, followed by behavioural, social and psychomotor regression. Physical examination revealed a below normal head circumference, loss of eye and psychic contact, stereotypic hand movements and gait disturbance. No laboratory test can confirm the diagnosis of Rett syndrome, therefore the diagnosis was established by virtue of history of illness and clinical manifestations. This is the first case of Rett syndrome found and reported in Indonesia.

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