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Paediatrica Indonesiana
ISSN : 00309311     EISSN : 2338476X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Paediatrica Indonesiana is a medical journal devoted to the health, in a broad sense, affecting fetuses, infants, children, and adolescents, belonged to the Indonesian Pediatric Society. Its publications are directed to pediatricians and other medical practitioners or researchers at all levels of health practice throughout the world.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 6 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 29 No 7-8 (1989): July 1989" : 6 Documents clear
The Role of PKK in the Immunization Progmmme Soegijanto, Soegen; S., Dwi Atmadji; B., Parwati Setiono; Ismoedijanto, Ismoedijanto; M., Widodo D.; Kaspan, Aried
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 29 No 7-8 (1989): July 1989
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

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Abstract

A mid term evaluation of the immunization programme had been carried out in East Java from November 27, 1987 to December 6, 1987. The team consisted of various multidisciplines comprising members of the WHO (3), the Department of Health (4), the Medical Faculty (1), the PKK group (1), and Bangdes. Data showed that the Posyandu, the Health Centres, Hospitals and private doctors contributed to the programme by 69%, 28%, 2% and 1% respectively. It was obvious that although not satisfactory, the Posyandu was by for the mostly committed,  reflecting the role of the PKK group especially in terms of encouraging mothers to bring their children to the Posyandu. As one face facts of low educated mothers, mothers being trapped in their routine daily activities, or having had inconvenient medical experience, a low motivation towards immunization might be anticipated, which in turn leads to a low coverage of immunization. Taking into consideration of how the PKK group plays its role in the immunization programme, attempts made to improve knowledge on immunizable diseases and their measures for prevention would undoubtly be an important means of support to gain the aim of immunization.
The Association Between Neonatal Polycythemia, Hypocalcemia, and Hypoglycemia Sukadi, Abdurachman; Endropranoto, S. Fatimah; Suwarno, Wibisono; Sastranegara, Hadiawati
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 29 No 7-8 (1989): July 1989
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

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Abstract

A study about the association between neonatal polycythemia, hypoglycemia, and hypocalcemia was carried out at the Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung, Indonesia, between November 1986 and August 1987. Fourty-six neonates with polycythemia were enrolled in the study and 92 neonates born during the same period formed the control subjects. The control subject neonates were sampled among those with equal birth weight and gestational age compared to the polycythemia subjects. Blood glucose levels were examined more than three hours after birth and before the first feeding by using the God-PAP method and blood calcium levels at less than 24 hours of age by using calorimetric method. The cut-off point for hypoglycemia and hypocalcemia were 30 mg% and 7 mg%, respectively. The results showed that there was a significant difference for hypoglycemia (p < 0,01) and hypocalcemia (p < 0.05) between the exposed subjects and the control subjects
Penile Dimensions of Newborn Infants Assin, M. Suttan; Rukman, Jusuf; Dahlan, Adrizal
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 29 No 7-8 (1989): July 1989
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

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Abstract

Of 336 full-term, newborn male tnfanrs, penile diameter, length, and volume of the testis were measured. All of the infants were Indonesians. The penile stretched length was 2.86 ± 0.23 cm and the diameter 0.82 ± 0.33 cm. There was statitiscally a significant correlation between penile length and gestational age (P<0.01), but no significant correlation between penile length and testicular volume, body length, body weight, or head circumference.
Congenital Toxoplasmosis in a 15 Day-Old Infant a Case Report Harun, Sri Rezeki; Saleh, Evita K.; Gandahusada, Srisasi; Hamdani, Chairil
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 29 No 7-8 (1989): July 1989
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

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Abstract

A case of congenital toxoplasmosis in a 1 5-day old infant was reported, citing the difficulties encountered in establishing the diagnosis due to the wide range of the diseases clinical spectrum. Congenital toxoplasmosis was suspected after finding hydrocephalus, cerebral calcification, and chorioretinitis. Serology tests with the ELISA technique were highly positive for antibodies against lgG, whereas anti-IgM was negative. The patient died before the second serological analysis was done. The final diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis was eventually established at autopsy, based on the detection of T. gondii in the brain, testicular, liver, spleen and striated muscle tissues.
Mutual Benefits of Linking CDD and Nutrition Programs Sutoto, Sutoto
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 29 No 7-8 (1989): July 1989
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

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Abstract

Diarrhea is one of the leading causes of illness and death in infants and children under five years of age in developing countries. An estimated 1 ,000 million diarrhea episodes occur each year in children. A recent review found an average of 3.3 episodes per year in children. Most of the diarrheal episodes occur in children in the first two years of life. The highest incidence is in the age group of 6 to 11 months, the period during which weaning foods are introduced into the childs diet. Diarrhea causes an estimated five million deaths in children under five years of age per year. About 800/o of these deaths occured in children in the first two years of life. In addition to those deaths, diarrhea is a major contributor to malnutrition.
Protection of the Child as Non-Therapeutic Research Subject Lumenta, Benyamin
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 29 No 7-8 (1989): July 1989
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

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Abstract

As a developing country, the more research will be performed, scientific as well as industrial, the more will be emphasized on the rights of the individual, particularly of the research subject. This paper is a literature review on medical ethics pertaining to the protection of the rights of children as research subject in advanced communities. Much can be expected from it for the benefit of moral and ethical development in our eastern paternalistic dominated research performance. It will show the historical development of medical ethical analysis and its role in the decision making process at all levels of biomedical research involving children as incompetent patients because of age, or as healthy people under the competent or consent age. The psycho-social evaluation of the child and the conflicting views of biomedical research of the child has been discussed widely in the literature. The last two decades experienced an abundance in studies   on child education, establishing ethics pertaining the childs rights and other philosophies. Nevertheless, there still seems to be no apparent consensus pertaining what good life is to the child and yet no uniformity as to the evaluation concerning development of a good life for the child. Besides, biomedical research encounters conflicting public opinions, as Curran (1977) observed three basic conflicting views, i.e. 1st, the protection of the research subject, 2nd, the societal needs for research outcomes, and 3rd, the promotion and encouragement of medical researchers.

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