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Paediatrica Indonesiana
ISSN : 00309311     EISSN : 2338476X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Paediatrica Indonesiana is a medical journal devoted to the health, in a broad sense, affecting fetuses, infants, children, and adolescents, belonged to the Indonesian Pediatric Society. Its publications are directed to pediatricians and other medical practitioners or researchers at all levels of health practice throughout the world.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 7 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 31 No 7-8 (1991): July 1991" : 7 Documents clear
Umbilical Cord : Factors which Influence the Separation Time Sarwono, Erwin; S., Disse W.; M, Ousdeluys-Murphy H.; H., Oosting; J., De Groot C.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 31 No 7-8 (1991): July 1991
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

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Abstract

The separation time of the umbilical cord was studied in 98 healthy Indonesian newborns with the aim of determine the normal time of separation and to evaluate factors which may influence it. The authors looked for a relationship between cord separation and sex, birthweight, gestational age, parity of the mother and nutrition of the newborn. Mean separation time was 10.9 days (SD 3: range 5-23 days). None of the factors analysed had a statistically significant.
Pattern of diseases associated with fever among infants aged 1-6 months Gunawan, G.; Rampengan, T. H.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 31 No 7-8 (1991): July 1991
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (429.921 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi31.7-8.1991.205-11

Abstract

This study was carried out retrospectively to evaluate the pattern of diseases associated with fever among infants aged 1-6 months at Gunung Wenang General Hospital Manado. During the period of January 1988 - December 1989, 189 infants with age ranging 1-6 mnths, were evaluated. Diseases associated with fever predominantly occurred in infants of 3 months old (73.0%).The final clinical diagnosis oj diseases associated with fever were gastroenteritis (39./5%), pneumonia (28.05%), meningitis (9%), respiratory tract injection (/5.4%), post vaccination (4.20%) and septicemia (4.3%).The fever ranged from 37.8 - 38.3°C (38%); 38.4 - 39.5°C (49%), 39.6 - 41°C (10%) and more than 41°C (3%). The elevated body temperature was significantly related to the duration oj fever (p 0.01).Increased erythrocyte sediment ion rate and thrombocytopenia were not correlated significantly (p:> 0.05) with elevated body temperature IVhile the total white cell count had a significant relationship (p <- 0.05).
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in the Department of Child Health, School of Medicine, University of North Sumatera/ Dr. Pirngadi Hospital Medan (1980 - 1988) Arifin, Zairul; Nasution, Feraluna; Sutjipto, Adi
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 31 No 7-8 (1991): July 1991
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

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Abstract

A retrospective study on acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) was conducted to assess the pattern of childhood ALL at the Subdivision of Pediatric of Hematology, School of Medicine, University of North Sumatera/ Dr. Pirngadl Hospital, Medan, in a period of 8 years (1980 - 1988). There were 120 cases, consisting of 63 (51.5%) males and 57 (47.5%) females. By the FAB classification (Bennett, 1976; 77.5% ) were found as FAB L1, 25 (20.8%) as FAB L1, and 2 (1.7%) as FAB L 3. The youngest was 4 months old. The majority of signs and symptoms appeared In the forms of pallor 102 (85%), fever 84 (70%), hemorrhage 52 (43.3%), hepatomegaly 64 (53.3%), splenomegaly 54 (45%) and lymphadenopathy 18 (15%). On first admission, 76 (63.33%) cases were with a leukocyte count of less than 20,000/ ul, and 72 (60%) with Hb content of less than 5 g/dl. Twenty one cases died In the first year. The received cytostatic protocol; 11 (S2.38'1o) were treated regularly and first remission were found in 8 (72. 73%) cases. The average of admissions per year for the age group of 2·8 years was higher than the age groups of 0·2 years and 8-16 years (p < 0.05).
Diarrhea in Neonates at the Subdivision of Perinatology Dr. Pirngadi Hospital, Medan Nurjannah, Nurjannah; Tjipta, Guslihan D.; Aldy, Dachrul; Raid, Noersida
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 31 No 7-8 (1991): July 1991
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

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Abstract

A retrospective study on diarrheal manifestation in newborn babies was conducted at the ward of Neonatology, Dr. Pirngadi Hospital Medan from January to December 1988. There were all 3367 babies hospitalized during the study period. One hundred and thirty five (4.0%) had diarrhea, including 106 (78.5%) babies with birth weights of ≥2500 gram. Of 2478 babies with spontaneous delivery, 14 (1.4%) babies had diarrhea, while of 889 babies with obstetrical intervention delivery 101 (11.4%) babies had diarrhea. The difference was statistically significant (pL. 0.001). Of 115 babies with diarrhea, there were 81 (60.7%) with moderate and 11 (23.0%) wirh severe dehydration. The mortality rate was 47.5% in patients with accompanying diseases and 0.0% in them without. The mortality rare in babies with birth weights < 1500 gr was 37.9% and 16.9% in babies with birthwejghts ≥2500 gram (p<. 0.001). The mortality rste increased with the increase of dehyrotion (p<0.03).
Measles Enteritis in Infants and Children Tamboen, Indra; Sinuhaji, Atan Baas; Soetanto, A. H.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 31 No 7-8 (1991): July 1991
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

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Abstract

The incidence, mortality and clinical features of measles enteritis were reported among 6484 infants and children admitted to the Pediatric Ward Dr. Pirngadi General Hospital Medan from 1st January J987 until 31st December 1988. Of these 6484 children, 2685 suffered from gastroenteritis and 82 from measles. There w,ere 31 cases of measles enteritis (1 .2% of all gastroenteritis cases or 37.8% of measles cases). Most of measles enteritis cases (74.2%) were in the age group of 6-24 months and no case was found under six months old. The mortality of measles enteritis with bronchopneumonia and encephalitis was 25.0% while the mortality of measles enteritis with bronchopneumonia was 13.3%. There were no deaths in children just with measles enteritis alone. The overall mortality of measles enteritis with or without accompanying disease was 12.9%. The age specific death rate of measles enteritis was highest (23.1 o/o) in the 13-24 month age group.
Measles Enteritis in Gunung Wenang General Hospital Manado W., Taufan I.; Rampengan, T. H.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 31 No 7-8 (1991): July 1991
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

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Abstract

The incidence and mortality rate of 48 measles enteritis cases has been evaluated retrospectively, during the period of January 1986 to December 1989. Children under 2 years old were 21 cases (43.8%), between 2-5 years old 16 cases (33.3%) and more than 5 years old 11 cases (22.9%). Nutritional status based on the classification of Wellcome Trust Working Party revealed normal33 (68.8%), moderate malnutrition 12 (25%) and severe malnutrition 3 cases (6.3%). Diarrhea and mild dehydration was found in 36 f75%), moderate dehydration 10 (20.83%) and severe dehydration 2 cases (4.2%). Six ( 12.5%) out of 48 cases had had measles vaccination. Twenty jour cases (50%) of measles entent1s had other complications. The mortality rate was 2.1% comprising one pat1ent, who suffered from measles enteritis with severe dehydration bronchopneumonia, enchephalitis and severe malnutrition.
Plasma Concentrations of Urea and Creatinine in Primary School Children in Ujung Pandang Hamma, Gatti H.; Rauf, Syarifuddin; Daud, Dasril; Kwenang, Agnes
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 31 No 7-8 (1991): July 1991
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

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Abstract

A study of plasma concentrations of urea creatinine in 202 primary school children aged between 6 to IS years was carried out in Ujung Pandang from November 1988 through February 28, 1989. Sampling was done using multi-stage random sampling method. Plasma urea concentrations were not affected by sex, age and nutritional status. Normal distribution of plasma urea concentrations in P2.J and P97.J were 8.13 mg/dl and 24.09 mg/dl respectively (95% confidence level). There was no difference of creatinine concentration between the two sexes. The overall mean creatinine concentrations was significantly higher in the wellnourished group (0.73 ± 0.081) mg/dl) as compared to PEM group (0.63 ± 0.066 mg/dl). This study revealed a correlation between age and plasma creatinine concentrations in the well nourished (r=0.46. p<0.01) as well as in PEM (r=0.37, p<0.01) group. Hence, normal distribution of plasma creatinine concentrations should be base on values in each age group. This study showed no correlation between plasma urea and creatinine concentrations.

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