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Paediatrica Indonesiana
ISSN : 00309311     EISSN : 2338476X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Paediatrica Indonesiana is a medical journal devoted to the health, in a broad sense, affecting fetuses, infants, children, and adolescents, belonged to the Indonesian Pediatric Society. Its publications are directed to pediatricians and other medical practitioners or researchers at all levels of health practice throughout the world.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 7 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 31 No 9-10 (1991): September 1991" : 7 Documents clear
Sensitivity and Specificity of Electrocardiographic Criteria for Left Ventricular Hypertrophy in Children with Rheumatic Heart Disease Sastroasmoro, Sudigdo; Madiyono, Bambang; Oesman, Ismet N.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 31 No 9-10 (1991): September 1991
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (982.404 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi31.9-10.1991.233-44

Abstract

Electrocardiographic criteria for left ventricular hypertrophy (L VH) were examined in 84 unselected pediatric patients with rheumatic heart disease. There were 47 male and 3 7 female patients, ranging in age from 6 to 19 years. Electrocardiographic L VH was detected m 41 patients (48.8%), i.e. in 55.3% (26/47) of boys and in 36.6% (15/41) of girls. Echocardiographically determined L VH was present in 42 cases (50%) if left ventricular mass (L VM) was indexed for height, or 47 cases (56%) if L VM was indexed for body surface area (BSA). The overall sensitivity of height-indexed electrocardiographic diagnosis of LVH was 71.4% (95% confidence interval= 57.7% to 85.1%), while its sensitivity was 73.8% (95% confidence interval= 60.0% to 87.0%). For BSA indexed echocardiographic LVH, the sensitivity was 68.1% (95% confidence interval = 54.8 to 81.4%) and the specificity was 75.7% (95% confidence interval = 61.9% to 89.5%). When sex-adjustment was examined, there was no increase of sensitivity of electrocardiographic LVH. Sensitivity of the electrocardiogram for LVH increased when age-adjustment was examined with 13 years of age as a cut-off point, both for height indexed and BSA-indexed echocardiographic LVH. Reasons/or the difference between these findings and the findings in adult patients (remarkably low sensitivity and very high specificity of ECG L VH) were discussed. Electrocardiogram was a moderate diagnostic modality in the detection of L VH in our pediatric patients with rheumatic heart disease. Sex did not influence the sensitivity of ECG L VH, but older age group tended to increase its sensitivity.
A Study of Aplastic Anemia at the Department of Child Health, School of Medicine University of North Sumatera/Dr. Pirngadi Hospital, Medan Arif, Ajuar; Sutjipto, Adi
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 31 No 9-10 (1991): September 1991
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (519.047 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi31.9-10.1991.253-60

Abstract

A study of aplastic anemia in children in a period of June 1980 to June 1989 was done to evaluate the pattern of aplastic anemia in children. The cases consisted of 55 children, 30 males (54.55%) and 25 females (45.45%). Most of the patients (47.27%) were found in the age group of 10 to 15 years. The complaints were paleness (90.91%), fever (56.45%) and bleeding (52. 71%). The hemoglobin concentration was 4.25 ± 1.17 g/dl (mean ± SD), and the thrombocytopenia was generally severe. Prednisone or combination of prednisone and oxymethalone was given in addition to blood transfusions, antibiotics and vitamins. The outcome was difficult to evaluate because of the irregularity of treatments. Of the 55 children, 9 (18.02%) contracted leukemia after 1 - 5 months.
The Pattern of Thalassemia in Children at the Department of Child Health, School of Medicine University of North Sumatera/ Dr. Pirngadi Hospital, Medan Sinulingga, Sugiani; Loebis, Ismet Fadil; Sutjipto, Adi
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 31 No 9-10 (1991): September 1991
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (420.115 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi31.9-10.1991.261-7

Abstract

A study of the characteristics of childhood thalassemia was conducted at the Sub Department of Pediatric Hematology, Dr. Pirngadi Hospital from June 1979 to May 1989. There were 131 cases, consisting of75 (57.25%) boys and 56 (42.75%) girls with an average of 12 admission every year. The predominant age group was 0-2 years, and the youngest was 3 months old; Javanese ethnic group appeared predominant in 36 (63.15%) cases. Clinical symptoms of anemia were found in 112 (85.49%}, hepatomegaly in 91 (69.46%}, hepatosplenomegaly in 84 (64.12%}, without enlargement of organ in 17 (12.97%), and icterus in 6 (4.58%). Hb-Electrophoresis was done in 42 cases, revealing 26 (61.90%) with thalassemia major, 15 (35.71%) Hb E thalassemia, and 1 (2.20%) Hb H thalassemia. Hb value at the first admission in 65 (49.62%) was less than 5 g/dl, in 63 (48.09o/o) it was 5-10 g/dl and in 3 (2.29%) more than 10 g/dl.
Acute Non Lymphoblastic Leukemia in the Department of Child Health School of Medicine, University of North Sumatera/ Dr. Pirngadi Hospital Medan (1983-1988): A Preliminary Study Nasution, Feraluna; Arifin, Zairul; Sutjipto, Adi
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 31 No 9-10 (1991): September 1991
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (346.091 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi31.9-10.1991.268-72

Abstract

A retrospective study on Acute Non Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ANLL) was conducted at the Sub Division of Pediatric Hematology, School of Medicine, University of North Sumatera/Dr. Pirngadi Hospital Medan, in a period of 5 years (1983-1988). There were 18 cases consisted of 14 (77. 78%) males and 4 (22 .22%) females with the age group of 0-2 years: 6 (30%), 2-8 years: 9 (50%), 8-15 years: 3 (30%). By the FAB classification, they were of FAB M-1: 1 (5.55%), FAB M-2: 1 (5.55%), FAB M-3: 1 (5.55%), FAB M-4: 2 (11.12%) and FAB M-6: 13 (72.23%). Only 7 (38.88%) were treated with cytostatics while the others received only supportive therapy. The result of  cytostatic treatment was unsatisfactory: 4 (57.14%) died within the first 2 months of treatment, 3 (42.86%) discontinued their cytostatics treatment.
Bronchopneumonia with measles in Infants and Children at the Department of Child Health School of Medicine, University of North Sumatera/ Dr. Pirngadi Hospital Medan (January 1985 - December 1989) Hutasoit, Charles; Dj., Mardiana K.; Daulay, Ridwan M.; Lubis, Helmi M.; Siregar, Zakaria
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 31 No 9-10 (1991): September 1991
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (623.161 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi31.9-10.1991.273-80

Abstract

A retrospective study was done on patients with bronchopneumonia hospitalized at the Dr. Pirngadi Hospital Medan/School of Medicine, University of North Sumatera; during January 1985 through December 1989. The purpose of this study is to assess the morbidity and mortality of bronchopneumonia with measles and the nutritional status of the patients. Out of the 14.082 patients admitted, 1310 children suffered from bronchopneumonia (10.7%). Ninety nine of them were also with measles (7.6%). Most of the patients with bronchopneumonia without measles were in the age group 0-1 year (58.7%). The mortality waas 24.8% and the highest mortality rate was in the age group of 4-5 years (34.6%). Most of the patients with bronchopneumonia and measles were in the age group of 1-2 years (30.3%). The mortality rate of bronchopneumonia with measles was 22.2% and the highest mortality rate was in the age group of 3-4 years (35. 7%). Bronchopneumonia with or without measles occurred more in malnourished patients rather than in well-nourished cases. All of the patients who had bronchopneumonia with measles in the present study had never been immunized against measles.
The Predictive Value of Phadiatop Paediatric in the Determination of Atopy in Allergic Diseases in Children Harsono, Ariyanto; Santosa, Gunadi; S., Makmuri M.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 31 No 9-10 (1991): September 1991
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (718.462 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi31.9-10.1991.281-8

Abstract

We obtained 28 patients with asthma bronchiole in this study. The presumptive diagnosis of allergy was made on the basis of history and physical examination. The positive result of the skin test to inhalant extracts and positive history of inhalant allergy add a confirmatory evidence in the diagnosis of inhalant allergy. The diagnosis of food allergy was judged by positive result in the provocation test. This study provided 15 patients with food allergy and 13 patients with food and inhalant allergy. House dust a1Jd mites were the most prevalent positive result in the skin test. While in the provocation test, egg ·and milk were found as the most prevalent food causing symptoms of allergy. The skin test predicted the atopy with an efficiency of 53.5%, While Phadiatop Paediatric predicted the atopy with an efficiency of 82.1 %. We concluded, as a screening procedure in allergy, the Phadiatop Paediatric is better than the skin test. Nevertheless the skin test has its superiority in the development of logical environmental controls and as a guide to immunotherapy in inhalant allergy.
Hyperventilation in Children with Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) A., Kasim Y.; Rini K. E., Anky Tri; S. P. S., Sumarmo
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 31 No 9-10 (1991): September 1991
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (571.959 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi31.9-10.1991.245-56

Abstract

Many studies of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) have been done but only a few revealed the respiratory status. Respiratory problems arise. because of plasma leakage through the 'damaged capillaries, causing lung edema and in turn result in hypoxemia. This later on will be compensated by a hyperventilation state. During a 6-month-period (May to September 1988), two aspects were studied in 85 patients hospitalized with DHF. First, the ventilatory pattern and second, the result of giving oxygen support in improving the respiratory disturbance, in this case alveolar hyperventilation. The incidence of alveolar hyperventilation in DHF grade II (DHF II) and Dengue Shock Syndrome (DSS) differed significantly. Hypoxemia occurred in DHF II and DSS with no significant differences. The difference of the incidence of metabolic acidosis in DHF II and DSS were significant. In DHF II patients having had hyperventilation state, oxygen therapy decreased respiration rate significantly and increased the PaC02 though not significantly.

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