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Paediatrica Indonesiana
ISSN : 00309311     EISSN : 2338476X     DOI : -
Core Subject : Health,
Paediatrica Indonesiana is a medical journal devoted to the health, in a broad sense, affecting fetuses, infants, children, and adolescents, belonged to the Indonesian Pediatric Society. Its publications are directed to pediatricians and other medical practitioners or researchers at all levels of health practice throughout the world.
Arjuna Subject : -
Articles 7 Documents
Search results for , issue " Vol 32 No 11-12 (1992): November 1992" : 7 Documents clear
The Current Prevalence Rate of Soil-transmitted Helminthiasis in lndonesia Sutoto, Sutoto; Indriyono, Indriyono
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 32 No 11-12 (1992): November 1992
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (692.552 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi32.11-12.1992.304-11

Abstract

Surveys on the prevalence rate of soil-transmitted helminthiasis had been done in Indonesia among 12.100 people in 10 provinces at 15 locations in 1990 and 1991. The surveys were meant to obtain data on the recent prevalence rate of soil-transmitted helminthiasis among primary schoolchildren, population in vital productive areas and general community. The results showed that the prevalence rate of Ascaris lumbricoides ranged from 5. 7% to 69.5%, Trichuris trichiura from 0.8% to 53.0% and hookworm from 0% to 24. 7%. The overall prevalence rate of the respective species were 30. 4%, 21.2% and 6.5%. In general, the data of the prevalence rate of soil-transmitted helminthiasis obtained from the recent surveys were lower than those of the surveys done before 1985.
Morbidity, Growth and Food Intake among the Underfives in Madura, Indonesia Kardjati, Sri; Kusin, Jane A.; van Steenbergen, Wilm; Schofield, W. N.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 32 No 11-12 (1992): November 1992
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (913.652 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi32.11-12.1992.283-97

Abstract

The relation between common illnesses, growth and breast milk and food intake was assessed in a-longitudinal population based study, covering 300 children, age 0-36 months. Morbidity was quite prevalent with a peak at age 4-24 months. It did, however, not affect the intake of breast milk and the consumption of additional foods in infancy. On the other hand, the daily intake of energy and protein was significantly reduced in older and particularly non-breastfed children. Morbidity explained about 28% of the variance in weight- and height-for-age in children, age 6-18 months. One can conclude that growth faltering early in infancy is primarily of nutritional origin, while at older age it is due to a synergistic effect of inadequate nutrition and morbidity. Anorexia rather than bad feeding habits is the main cause of poor dietary intake during and after illness.
Steatocrit: A Simple Method for Detection Fat Malabsorption Suharyono, Suharyono; Satari, Hindra Irawan; Firmansyah, Agus
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 32 No 11-12 (1992): November 1992
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (481.486 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi32.11-12.1992.298-303

Abstract

Steatocrlt was determined through microcentrifugation of fecal hemogenate from 45 patients with chronic diarrhoea. In the same patients urine materials were collected to determine fat malabsorption using Lipiodol absorption test. There were 28 male and 17 female patients. Severe malabsorption using steatocrit was detected tn 31 patients (68;9%), while LAT determined severe malabsorption in 34 patients (75.5%). The overall sensitivity was 88.2%, and spesificity was 90.9%. Nutritional status did not influence the sensitivity and spesificity of steatocrit. We propose that this simple semiquantitative test can be used as an alternative method for detecting fat malabsorption particularly in laboratories with limited technical expertise.
Intestinal Parasitic Infestation in Children at Three Kindergartens in Medan, North Sumatera Miraza, Erliana Malik; Gani, Abdul; Dj., Mardiana Karim; Lubis, Iskandar Z.; Lubis, Chairuddin P.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 32 No 11-12 (1992): November 1992
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (466.296 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi32.11-12.1992.312-7

Abstract

A descriptive cross sectional study on intestinal parasitic infestation was earned out among children of three kindergartens (Methodist, Dharma Wanita and Aisyiah) in Medan. Of 162 samples of feces examined mixed infestations with Ascaris lumbricoides and Trichuris trichiura was found in 14,25%, single infestations of Trichuris trichiuria in 14,2%, AScaris lumbricoides in 13,0%, H. nana in 1,2% and G. Iamblia in 0,6%. Hookworm infestation was not found among preschool children in all of those three kindergartens.
Gastroenteritis in Patients Hospitalized at the Pediatric Ward of Dr. Pirngadi Hospital Medan Lubis, Gustina; Thaib, Tm.; Sinuhaji, Atan Baas; Sutanto, A. H.
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 32 No 11-12 (1992): November 1992
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (618.575 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi32.11-12.1992.318-26

Abstract

In 1989, oj2350 patients hospitalized in the paediatric ward of Dr. Pirngadi Hospital, Medan, 829 (35.3%) were gastroenteritis cases, with male more than female. Most of the patients with gastroenteritis were found in the age group of under 1 years (521 cases = 62.8%). The highest prevalence was found in january, February and March. Mild, moderate and severe dehydration were encountered in 2. 7%, 83.1% and 14.2% cases respectively. Eighty for (10.1%) cases had been treated with oralit before admission. Only 49. 1% of those patients with gastroenteritis under two years of age were breastfed. The patients of under five year old were 791 (95. 4%) cases; 259 (32. 7%) cases were malnourished. The overall mortality rate of these patients with gastroenteritis was 5.9% ( 49 cases). The age specific mortality rate was highest in the age group of 6- 12 months. Usually patients died with gastroenteritis had complications or associated diseases.
Graves' Disease and Diabetes Mellitus Assin, M. Suttan; Rukman, Jusuf; Batubara, Jose R. L.; S. P., Purnama Wati
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 32 No 11-12 (1992): November 1992
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (412.322 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi32.11-12.1992.327-31

Abstract

Thyroid hormones play an important role in the metabolic propesses. Its disturbances will involve several organs, consequently. A 5 year old girl with Graves' diseases, after several weeks of treatment with propylthiouracil (PTV), developed thyrotoxicosis crisis and diabetes mellitus with ketoacidosis; a condition which is usually fatal. Treatment toward the hyperthyroid state overcome the diabetic stage, eventually. This report is an example of an endocrinological interaction in a hyperthyroid patient. Therefore, the diabetogenic effect of hyperthyroxinemia should not be overlooked.
Aids in Infants and Children Sunarto, Sunarto
Paediatrica Indonesiana Vol 32 No 11-12 (1992): November 1992
Publisher : Indonesian Pediatric Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (988.404 KB) | DOI: 10.14238/pi32.11-12.1992.332-42

Abstract

 Children are infected by HIV, 80% vertically, from HIV infected mothetS mostly near or at delivery. Because heterosexual transmission of HIV among adults is more and more important it is estimated that at the end of this century there will be totally more than 10 million HIV infected children. Three quarters of HIV-infected babies show non specific symptoms at the early phase, including failure to thrive, chronic diarrhea, recurrent bacterial injections, mucocutanous infection. Cytotropism of HIV to neroe cells resul.ts tn inflammation, neroe cell damage and neuronal loss. Progressive neurologic abnormalities and developmental milestone regression or developmental retardation will be the results. Pneumocystics carinii infection has worse prognosis than lymphocytic interstitial pneumonia which more commonly occurred in HIV injected children. Diarrhea is a troublesome problem in children with AIDS. Kaposi's sarcoma and secondary cancer are rare in pediatric AIDS.  Anemia and thrombocytopenia is common among AIDS children. In developing countries children with AIDS die within the year following the appearance of the symptoms, whereas asymptomatic HIV-injected children will live longer with high risk of recurrent and opportunistic injections. The hallmark of AIDS in children is the same as in adults,iI.e. the decrease of the number and function of CD4 lymphocytes. This in turn influences the junctions of other immunocompetent cells and loss of immunity is the result. Many things are still unexplainable in children AIDS.

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